Now showing items 380-399 of 415

    • Temperature and thermal emission of cosmic dust in the vicinity of the Sun, Vega and Fomalhaut. 

      Myrvang, Margaretha; Baumann, Carsten; Mann, Ingrid; Stamm, Johann Immanuel (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2018)
    • A Textural–Contextual Model for Unsupervised Segmentation of Multipolarization Synthetic Aperture Radar Images 

      Akbari, Vahid; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Gabriele, Moser; Eltoft, Torbjørn; Sebastiano, B. Serpico; Anfinsen, Stian Normann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      This paper proposes a novel unsupervised, non-Gaussian, and contextual segmentation method that combines an advanced statistical distribution with spatial contextual informa-tion for multilook polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR)data. This extends on previous studies that have shown the added value of both non-Gaussian modeling and contextual smoothing individually or for intensity channels ...
    • Thermospheric atomic oxygen density estimates using the EISCAT Svalbard Radar 

      Vickers, Hannah; Kosch, M. J.; Sutton, E.; Ogawa, Y.; La Hoz, Cesar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Coupling between the ionized and neutral atmosphere through particle collisions allows an indirect study of the neutral atmosphere through measurements of ionospheric plasma parameters. We estimate the neutral density of the upper thermosphere above ~250 km with the European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard Radar (ESR) using the year-long operations of the International Polar Year from March 2007 to ...
    • The Thorpex polar low analysed with AROME-Arctic 

      Stoll, Patrick J.; Valkonen, Teresa M.; Graversen, Rune G.; Noer, Gunnar (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-04)
    • Three photometric methods tested on ground-based data of Q 2237+0305 

      Østensen, R.; Burud, I.; Stabell, R.; Magain, P.; Courbin, F.; Refsda, S.; Remy, M.; Teuber, J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 1998-09-09)
      The Einstein Cross, Q 2237+0305, has been photometrically observed in four bands on two successive nights at NOT (La Palma, Spain) in October 1995. Three independent algorithms have been used to analyse the data: an automatic image decomposition technique, a CLEAN algorithm and the new MCS deconvolution code. The photometric and astrometric results obtained with the three methods are presented. ...
    • Time Series Investigation of Land Subsidence Using a Weighted Least Squares Adjustment Based on Image Mode Interferometric Data 

      Akbari, Vahid; Motagh, Mahdi; Rajabi, Mohammad Ali; Yahya, Djamour (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2010)
      This study presents the weighted least squares method based on Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) images to retrieve spatial-temporal evolution of land subsidence in Mashhad Valley, northeast Iran. Using the analysis of a few interferograms covering the 2003-2005 period, Motagh et al (GJI 2006) presented a preliminary analysis of the subsidence in this area. Here we extend this study ...
    • Time Series Kernel Similarities for Predicting Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation from ECGs 

      Bianchi, Filippo Maria; Livi, Lorenzo; Ferrante, Alberto; Milosevic, Jelena; Miroslaw, Malek (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018)
      We tackle the problem of classifying Electrocardiography (ECG) signals with the aim of predicting the onset of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation (PAF). Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia, but in many cases PAF episodes are asymptomatic. Therefore, in order to help diagnosing PAF, it is important to design procedures for detecting and, more importantly, predicting PAF episodes. ...
    • Towards operational sea ice type retrieval using L-band Synthetic aperture radar 

      Singha, Suman; Johansson, Malin; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-14)
      Operational ice services around the world have recognized the economic and environmental benefits that come from the increased capabilities and uses of space-borne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) observation system. The two major objectives in SAR based remote sensing of sea ice is on the one hand to have a large areal coverage, and on the other hand to obtain a radar response that carries as much ...
    • Training Echo State Networks with Regularization Through Dimensionality Reduction 

      Løkse, Sigurd; Bianchi, Filippo Maria; Jenssen, Robert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      In this paper, we introduce a new framework to train a class of recurrent neural network, called Echo State Network, to predict real valued time-series and to provide a visualization of the modeled system dynamics. The method consists in projecting the output of the internal layer of the network on a lower dimensional space, before training the output layer to learn the target task. Notably, we ...
    • Ultrasonic imaging of pitting using multilayer synthetic aperture focusing 

      Skjelvareid, Martin Hansen; Olofsson, Tomas; Birkelund, Yngve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Synthetic aperture focusing is known to increase both the lateral resolution and signal-to-noise level of pulse-echo ultrasonic images. In this paper, the use of synthetic aperture imaging for detection and sizing of pitting in a plate is considered. It is assumed that a water layer is present between the transducer and the plate, and that the pitting is on the back side of the plate, seen from the ...
    • Ultrasonic measurements of surface defects on flexible circuits using high-frequency focused polymer transducers 

      Wagle, Sanat; Habib, Anowarul; Melandsø, Frank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-12)
      High frequency transducers made from a layer-by-layer deposition method are investigated as transducers for ultrasonic imaging. Prototypes of adhesive-free transducers with four active elements were made on a high performance PEI (Polyetherimide) substrate with precision milled spherical cavities used to produce focused ultrasonic beams. The transducer prototypes ...
    • Ultrasonic properties of all-printed piezoelectric polymer transducers 

      Wagle, Sanat; Decharat, Adit; Melandsø, Frank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The ability of producing ultrasonic transducers from screen-printing has been explored experimentally, through printing and characterization of a large number of transducers. In an allprinted test design, 124 transducers with four different electrode sizes ranging from 1 to 4.9 mm2, were printed layer-by-layer on a high performance polyethyleneimine polymer. Inks from ferroelectric and conductive ...
    • Uncertainty and interpretability in convolutional neural networks for semantic segmentation of colorectal polyps 

      Jenssen, Robert; Kampffmeyer, Michael C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-20)
      Colorectal polyps are known to be potential precursors to colorectal cancer, which is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths on a global scale. Early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer is primarily enabled through manual screenings, where the intestines of a patient is visually examined. Such a procedure can be challenging and exhausting for the person performing the screening. ...
    • Understanding Cassini RPWS Antenna Signals Triggered by Dust Impacts 

      Ye, Shengyi; Vaverka, Jakub; Nouzak, Libor; Sternovsky, Zoltan; Zaslavsky, Arnaud; Mann, Ingrid; Hsu, H-W.; Averkamp, Terrance, F.; Sulaiman, AH; Pisa, D.; Hospodarsky, G. B.; Kurth, W.S.; Horanyi, M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-04)
      Electric field antennas are capable of detecting dust impacts in different space environment. We analyze the dust impact signals detected by the Cassini Radio and Plasma Wave Science instrument at different locations around Saturn and compare them with dust impact signals simulated in laboratory conditions and numerically. The spacecraft potential, the size, and capacitance of the impacted element ...
    • Understanding the Cool DA White Dwarf Pulsator, G29–38 

      Solheim, Jan Erik; Kleinman, S. J.; Bruvold, A.; Nather, R. E.; Winget, D. E.; Clemens, J. C.; Bradley, A.; Kanaan, A.; Claver, C. F.; Watson, T. K.; Yanagida, K.; Nitta, A.; Dixson, J. S.; Grauer, A. D.; Hine, B. P.; Fontaine, G.; Liebert, James; Sullivan, D. J.; Wickramasinghe, D. T.; Achilleos, N.; Mara, T. M. K.; Seetha, S.; Ashoka, B. N.; Leibowitz, E. M.; Moskalik, P.; Krzesi´nski, J.; O’Donoghue, D.; Kurtz, D. W.; Warner, B.; Martinez, Peter; Dolez, N.; Chevreton, M.; Barstow, M. A.; Kepler, S. O.; Giovannini, O.; Hansen, C. J.; Augusteijn, T. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 1997-10-10)
      The white dwarfs are promising laboratories for the study of cosmochronology and stellar evolution. Through observations of the pulsating white dwarfs, we can measure their internal structures and compositions, critical to understanding post main sequence evolution, along with their cooling rates, allowing us to calibrate their ages directly. The most important set of white dwarf variables to ...
    • Unified transport scaling laws for plasma blobs and depletions 

      Wiesenberger, Matthias; Held, Markus; Kube, Ralph; Garcia, Odd Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-14)
      We study the dynamics of seeded plasma blobs and depletions in an (effective) gravitational field. For incompressible flows, the radial center of mass velocity of blobs and depletions is proportional to the square root of their initial cross-field size and amplitude. If the flows are compressible, this scaling holds only for ratios of amplitude to size larger than a critical value. Otherwise, the ...
    • Universality of Poisson-driven plasma fluctuations in the Alcator C-Mod scrape-off layer 

      Theodorsen, Audun; Garcia, Odd Erik; Kube, Ralph; LaBombard, Brian; Terry, James L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-18)
      Large-amplitude, intermittent fluctuations are ubiquitous in the boundary region of magnetically confined plasmas and lead to detrimental plasma-wall interactions in the nextgeneration, high duty cycle fusion power experiments. Using gas puff imaging data time series from the scrape-off layer in the Alcator C-Mod device, it is here demonstrated that the large-amplitude fluctuations can be described ...
    • Unsupervised domain adaptation for automatic estimation of cardiothoracic ratio 

      Dong, Nanqing; Kampffmeyer, Michael C.; Liang, Xiaodan; Wang, Zeya; Dai, Wei; Xing, Eric P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-26)
      The cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), a clinical metric of heart size in chest X-rays (CXRs), is a key indicator of cardiomegaly. Manual measurement of CTR is time-consuming and can be affected by human subjectivity, making it desirable to design computer-aided systems that assist clinicians in the diagnosis process. Automatic CTR estimation through chest organ segmentation, however, requires large amounts ...
    • Unsupervised Estimation of the Equivalent Number of Looks in PolSAR Image with High Heterogeneity 

      Hu, Dingsheng; Qiu, Xiaolan; Anfinsen, Stian Normann; Lei, Bin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-01)
      Equivalent Number of Looks (ENL) is an important parameter in statistical modelling of multi-look Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) data. In some automated applications of PolSAR images, it is necessary to estimate the ENL in an unsupervised way without any manual intervention. The existing unsupervised estimation of ENL can not obtain accurate estimates for the images with high heterogeneity. To address ...
    • An unsupervised method for equivalent number of looks estimation in complex SAR scenes 

      Hu, Dingsheng; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Qiu, Xiaolan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-12)
      This paper introduces a novel unsupervised estimator of equivalent number of looks (ENL) that can be applied to an arbitrary image. It avoids the assumption that homogeneous speckle will dominate the investigated image that is followed by current unsupervised ENL estimators but not always valid, especially for the complex SAR scenes with high mixture and texture. Incorporating the statistical ...