Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Om vegetasjonsforstyrrelser: Konsekvenser for bevaringen av arkeologisk kontekstinformasjon i norske jordsmonn
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
Jordsmonnet utgjør deler av konteksten for arkeologiske data og danner i mange tilfeller selve matrisen som dataene inngår i. Ved avsetningen av menneskelige aktivitetsspor sørger akkumuleringen av nye jordlag for en overlagring av aktivitetssporene. Jordsmonnets evne til å «forsegle» fortidige aktivitetsspor er en grunnleggende forutsetning for arkeologien. For det første fører jordsmonnets forsegling ...
Climatic changes cause synchronous population dynamics and adaptive strategies among coastal hunter-gatherers in Holocene northern Europe
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-16)
Synchronized demographic and behavioral patterns among distinct populations is a well-known, natural phenomenon. Intriguingly, similar patterns of synchrony occur among prehistoric human populations. However, the drivers of synchronous human ecodynamics are not well understood. Addressing this issue, we review the role of environmental variability in causing human demographic and adaptive responses. ...
Scalar Effects in Ground Slate Technology and the Adaptive Consequences for Circumpolar Maritime Hunter-Gatherers
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-23)
Ground slate technology is a trademark of circumpolar hunter-gatherers occupying coastal ecotones. However, a causal framework for explaining what drives the apparent adaptive success of slate technology is lacking. Attempting to remedy this, the current paper provides the first palaeodemographic and environmentally informed review of a maritime slate complex. Employing what is arguably the best ...
Why are population growth rate estimates of past and present hunter–gatherers so different?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-30)
Hunter–gatherer population growth rate estimates extracted from archaeological proxies and ethnographic data show remarkable differences, as archaeological estimates are orders of magnitude smaller than ethnographic and historical estimates. This could imply that prehistoric hunter–gatherers were demographically different from recent hunter–gatherers. However, we show that the resolution of ...
Investigating long-term human ecodynamics in the European Arctic: Towards an integrated multi-scalar analysis of early and mid Holocene cultural, environmental and palaeodemographic sequences in Finnmark County, Northern Norway
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-26)
Most parts of the Circumpolar Arctic have only discontinuous evidence for long-term human settlement. In contrast, Northern Norway has an unbroken archaeological record that extends back to the early Holocene. Numerous high-resolution archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records have been generated by commercial excavations and surveys, offering archaeologists unique opportunities to investigate ...
Convergent catastrophes and the termination of the Arctic Norwegian Stone Age: A multi-proxy assessment of the demographic and adaptive responses of mid-Holocene collectors to biophysical forcing
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
Using multiple archeological and paleoenvironmental proxies, this paper makes the case for a climate-induced convergent catastrophe among the human population of terminal Stone Age Arctic Norway. We show that climatic changes correlate with the termination of the so-called Gressbakken phase (4200–3500 cal BP), and unpack the middle-range mechanisms linking the Gressbakken termination to contemporaneous ...