Now showing items 805-824 of 1165

    • Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 (Diptera,Pachyneuridae) DNA barcoded from the northernmost forests of the world 

      Kjærandsen, Jostein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12)
      New records of Pachyneura fasciata Zetterstedt, 1838 are presented from Harrelv Nature Reserve at Varanger Peninsula, Norway, where a lush riverine ravine dominated by grey alder (Alnus incana) forms one of the worlds´ northernmost patches of forests. This expands the known distribution of Pachyneura fasciata far north of the Taiga belt with continuous natural spruce forest, previously assumed to ...
    • Pacing, Exercise Intensity, and Technique by Performance Level in Long-Distance Cross-Country Skiing 

      Stöggl, Thomas; Hertlein, Markus; Brunauer, Richard; Welde, Boye; Andersson, Erik; Swarén, Mikael (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-14)
      <p>Introduction</i>: Long-distance cross-country skiing (XCS) has gained increased popularity within the past decades. However, research about long-distance XCS is limited; therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the intensity distribution, technique application, and pacing strategies during long-distance XCS racing.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Heart rate (HR) and section skiing speeds of 9 ...
    • Paclitaxel-loaded biodegradable ROS-sensitive nanoparticles for cancer therapy 

      Pandya, Abhilash D.; Jäger, Eliézer; Fam, Shahla Bagheri; Höcherl, Anita; Jäger, Alessandro; Sincari, Vladimir; Nyström, Bo; Štěpánek, Petr; Skotland, Tore; Sandvig, Kirsten; Hrubý, Martin; Mælandsmo, Gunhild M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-06)
      <i>Background</i>: Reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydrogen peroxide and superoxide, trigger biodegradation of polymer-based nanoparticles (NPs) bearing pinacol-type boronic ester groups. These NPs may selectively release their cargo, in this case paclitaxel (PTX), at the high levels of ROS present in the intracellular environment of inflamed tissues and most tumors.<p> <p><i>Purpose</i>: ...
    • Pain in adult myotonic dystrophy type 1: relation to function and gender 

      Solbakken, Gro; Løseth, Sissel; Froholdt, Anne; Eikeland, Torunn D.; Nærland, Terje; Frich, Jan C.; Dietrichs, Espen; Ørstavik, Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-04)
      <i>Background</i> - Pain is prevalent in myotonic dystrophy 1 (DM1). This study investigated whether CTG repeat size, disease duration, BMI and motor and psychological function were related to pain in adult patients with DM1, and if there were gender differences regarding intensity and location of pain.<br><br> <i>Method</i> - Cross-sectional design. Pain was investigated in 50 genetically confirmed ...
    • Paired methods to measure biofilm killing and removal: a case study with Penicillin G treatment of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm 

      Ausbacher, Dominik; Lorenz, Lindsey A.; Pitts, Betsey; Stewart, Philip S.; Goeres, Darla M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-30)
      Biofilms are microbial aggregates that show high tolerance to antibiotic treatments <i>in vitro</i> and <i>in vivo</i>. Killing and removal are both important in biofilm control, therefore methods that measure these two mechanisms were evaluated in a parallel experimental design. Kill was measured using the single tube method (ASTM method E2871) and removal was determined by video microscopy and ...
    • The paleozoic evolution of the Olga Basin region, Northern Barents Sea: A link to the Timanian orogeny 

      Klitzke, Peter; Franke, Dieter; Ehrhardt, Axel; Lutz, Rüdiger; Reinhardt, Lutz; Heyde, Ingo; Faleide, Jan Inge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-15)
      The evolution of the Olga Basin region in the northern Norwegian Barents Sea and its relation to the Caledonian and Timanian orogenies is poorly understood due to sparse geophysical data and the lack of well control. In 2015, the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) acquired deep multichannel seismic lines as well as gravity and magnetic data. The new seismic data ...
    • Pandemien har økt omsorgsbyrden for mange pårørende til eldre 

      Minde, Gunn-Tove; Brustad, Ann-Kirsti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-25)
      Utbruddet av koronavirus rammet de eldre spesielt hardt. Besøksstans og reduserte hjemmetjenester førte til at eldre mistet sosial kontakt og omsorgstjenester fra både kommunen og frivilligheten, som igjen førte til en større belastning på de pårørende. Forskjellige former for tilrettelegging, som lengre besøk fra færre ansatte og bruk av ny kommunikasjonsteknologi, er eksempler på omprioriteringer ...
    • Parasittær gjellebetennelse hos flekksteinbit (Anarhichas minor) 

      Furnesvik, Lisa; Erkinharju, Toni; Frantzen, Eirin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      Veterinærinstituttet mottok i høst (september 2020) en sak med forøket dødelighet hos flekksteinbit. Det ble meldt mistanke om respirasjonsproblemer hos fisken. Fisken var klekket i 2016. Flekksteinbiten er en marin fisk som kan leve opptil 40 år, og blir kjønnsmoden først ved 7-10 års alderen. Arten trives på 25-550 meters dyp, og forekommer fra USA og Labrador til Grønland, Færøyene, Island, og ...
    • Pasient med alvorlig covid-19 behandlet med steroider 

      Ofstad, Eirik Hugaas; Hauglid, Tore; Tollåli, Terje; Vasiljevic, Katarina Radisavljevic; Dybwik, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-13)
      En kvinne i 60-årene med covid-19-utløst akutt lungesviktsyndrom hadde stasjonær kritisk sykdom etter tre ukers intensivbehandling. Dag 19 på respirator fikk hun behandling med steroider. Det ble raskt klinisk bedring, og hun kunne avvennes fra ventilasjonsstøtte. Bedringen kan ha vært tilfeldig eller et resultat av andre faktorer, men vi mener denne kasuistikken kan bidra til å belyse bruk av ...
    • Patient derived colonoids as drug testing platforms - Critical importance of oxygen concentration 

      Skovdahl, Helene Kolstad; Gopalakrishnan, Shreya; Svendsen, Tarjei Dahl; Granlund, Atle van Beelen; Bakke, Ingunn; Ginbot, Zekarias; Thorsvik, Silje; Flatberg, Arnar; Sporsheim, Bjørnar; Ostrop, Jenny; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Sandvik, Arne Kristian; Bruland, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-13)
      Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is challenging, with a series of available drugs each helping only a fraction of patients. Patients may face time-consuming drug trials while the disease is active, thus there is an unmet need for biomarkers and assays to predict drug effect. It is well known that the intestinal epithelium is an important factor in disease pathogenesis, exhibiting physical, ...
    • Patient pathways as social drama: A qualitative study of cancer trajectories from the patient’s perspective 

      Hansen, Frank; Berntsen, Gro Karine Rosvold; Salamonsen, Anita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-11)
      <i>Purpose</i>: The number of persons living with and beyond cancer is increasing. Such persons often have complex needs that last, and change, over time. The aim of this study is to get insights of lived experience of person diagnosed with colorectal cancer and to create an understanding of cancer trajectories as a dynamic process. This study thus explores Victor Turner’s model of social drama in ...
    • Patient selection for islet or solid organ pancreas transplantation: experiences from a multidisciplinary outpatient-clinic approach 

      Nordheim, Espen; Lindahl, Jørn Petter Hanto; Carlsen, Rasmus Kirkeskov; Åsberg, Anders; Birkeland, Kåre I.; Horneland, Rune; Boye, Birgitte; Scholz, Hanne; Jenssen, Trond Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02)
      Objective - β-cell replacement therapy (βCRT), including pancreas transplantation alone (PTA) and islet transplantation (ITX), is a treatment option for selected type 1 diabetes patients. All potential candidates for βCRT in Norway are referred to one national transplant centre for evaluation before any pre-transplant workup is started. This evaluation was performed by a transplant nephrologist alone ...
    • Patient-reported outcome measures in the management of neovascular age related macular degeneration: a 1-year prospective study 

      Jelin, Elma; Wisløff, Torbjørn; Jørstad, Øystein Kalsnes; Heiberg, Turid; Moe, Morten Carstens (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-03)
      <i>Objective</i> - To prospectively explore the following patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in the management of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD): (1) self-reported visual function, (2) symptom-state, (3) general-health and (4) satisfaction of treatment.<p> <p><i>Methods and analysis</i> - Corresponding to the four PROMs, participants responded to the following ...
    • Patients' perception of user involvement in psychiatric outpatient treatment: Associations with patient characteristics and satisfaction 

      Thimm, Jens; Antonsen, Liss; Malmedal, Wenche Karin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-16)
      <i>Background</i> - The patient's right to be involved in treatment decisions is anchored in guidelines and legislation in many countries. Previous research suggests challenges in the implementation of user involvement across different areas of health care, including mental health. However, little is known about psychiatric outpatients’ experiences of being involved in their treatment.<p><p> <i ...
    • Patients’experiences of the caringencounter in health promotion practice: aqualitative study in Swedish primary healthcare 

      Lundberg, Kristina; Jong, Mats; Jong, Miek; Kristiansen, Lisbeth Porskrog (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-11)
      <i>Background</i> - Previous studies have reported that organizational structures and cultures in primary health care are obstacles to district nurses doing successful work in health promotion practice (HPP). Because organizational structures are not easily changed, Jean Watson’s Attending Nurse Caring Model (ANCM) was introduced and piloted at a primary health care center in Sweden, aiming to ...
    • The patterns and burden of multimorbidity in geriatric patients with prolonged use of addictive medications 

      Cheng, Socheat; Siddiqui, Tahreem Ghazal; Gossop, Michael; Wyller, Torgeir Bruun; Kristoffersen, Espen Saxhaug; Lundqvist, Anders Christofer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
      <i>Background</i> - Multimorbidity and prolonged use of addictive medications are prevalent among older patients, and known to increase the risk of adverse drug events. Yet, the relationship between these two entities has remained understudied.<br><br> <i>Aims</i> - This study explored the association between multimorbidity burden and prolonged use of addictive medications in geriatric patients, ...
    • Patterns of treatment and outcome in patients with 20 or more brain metastases 

      Nieder, Carsten; Yobuta, Rosalba; Mannsåker, Bård (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01)
      <p><i>Background/Aim - </i>The aim of this study was to analyze the patterns of treatment and outcomes in patients with a large number of brain metastases, arbitrarily defined as 20 or more lesions. These patients are typically excluded from studies of focal brain treatment, e.g., surgery or radiosurgery, and might have a limited prognosis. <p><i>Patients and Methods - </i>This was a retrospective ...
    • På stedet hvil? Noen refleksjoner om implementering av IKT og læring i norsk høyere utdanning med utgangspunkt i Norgesuniversitetets arbeid 

      Dørum, Kine; Grepperud, Gunnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Denne artikkelen belyser arbeidet med implementering av IKT og læring i norsk høyere utdanning med utgangspunkt i Norgesuniversitetets virksomhet innen sektoren. Vurderingen er basert på gjennomgang og kvantitativ analyse av søknader om prosjektstøtte fra perioden 2010–2012, samt intervjudata fra et utvalg ansatte i høyere utdanning med langvarig kjennskap til organisasjonens arbeid. Våre funn ...
    • Påvirker innvandringsscenarier nordmenns holdninger til innvandrere? Et surveyeksperiment 

      Christensen, Dag Arne; Arnesen, Sveinung; Midtbø, Tor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-10)
      Er nordmenns forventninger om størrelsen på fremtidig innvandring med på å påvirke deres holdninger til innvandrere? Eksperimenter fra USA viser at eksponering for framskrivninger der den hvite delen av befolkningen ender opp i mindretall, bidrar til å redusere toleransen overfor minoriteter og innvandrere. Med bakgrunn i framskrivninger av den norske befolkningssammensetningen gjennomført av ...
    • Peer reviewing: a private affair between the individual researcher and the publishing houses, or a responsibility of the university? 

      Longva, Leif; Reierth, Eirik; Moksness, Lars; Smedsrød, Bård (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Peer reviewing is mandatory for scientific journals as quality control of submitted manuscripts, for universities to rank applicants for scientific positions, and for funding agencies to rank grant applications. In spite of this deep dependency of peer reviewing throughout the entire academic realm, universities exhibit a peculiar lack of interest in this activity. The aim of this article is to show ...