Now showing items 1-20 of 4446

    • 1.80–1.75 Ga granite suites in the west Troms Basement Complex, northern Norway: Palaeoproterozoic magma emplacement during advancing accretionary orogeny, from field observations 

      Bergh, Steffen Gunnar; Haaland, Linda Cecilia; Arbaret, L.; Coint, Nolwenn; Forien, Melanie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-25)
      The Ersfjord Granite is part of a suite of c.1.80–1.75 Ga syeno-granites in the West Troms Basement Complex, northern Norway, presumed to belong to the Transscandinavian Igneous Belt (TIB-1) in the Fennoscandian Shield. Previous data suggest the granite formed post-collisional and ascended as a batholith pluton from a source generated by delamination of mafic-intermediate lower crust. We argue that ...
    • A 10-year record of Arctic summer sea ice freeboard from CryoSat-2 

      Dawson, Geoffrey; Landy, Jack Christopher; Tsamados, Michel; Komarov, Alexander S.; Howell, Stephen; Heorten, Harold; Krumpen, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-10-29)
      Satellite observations of pan-Arctic sea ice thickness have so far been constrained to winter months. For radar altimeters, conventional methods cannot differentiate leads from meltwater ponds that accumulate at the ice surface in summer months, which is a critical step in the ice thickness calculation. Here, we use over 350 optical and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images from the summer months ...
    • The 16-day planetary waves: multi-MF radar observations from the arctic to equator and comparisons with the HRDI measurements and the GSWM modelling results 

      Luo, Y.; Hall, Chris; Manson, A.H.; Meek, C.E.; Meyer, C.K.; Burrage, M.D.; Fritts, D.C.; Hocking, W.K.; MacDougall, J.; Riggin, D.M.; Vincent, R.A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2002)
      The mesospheric and lower thermospheric (MLT) winds (60–100 km) obtained by multiple MF radars, located from the arctic to equator at Tromsø (70° N, 19° E), Saskatoon (52° N, 107° W), London (43° N, 81° W), Hawaii (21° N, 157° W) and Christmas Island (2° N, 157° W), respectively, are used to study the planetary-scale 16-day waves. Based on the simultaneous observations (1993/1994), the variabilities ...
    • A 160,000-year-old history of tectonically controlled methane seepage in the Arctic 

      Himmler, Tobias; Sahy, Diana; Martma, Tõnu; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Plaza-Faverola, Andreia; Bünz, Stefan; Condon, Daniel J.; Knies, Jochen; Lepland, Aivo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-07)
      The geological factors controlling gas release from Arctic deep-water gas reservoirs through seabed methane seeps are poorly constrained. This is partly due to limited data on the precise chronology of past methane emission episodes. Here, we use uranium-thorium dating of seep carbonates sampled from the seabed and from cores drilled at the Vestnesa Ridge, off West Svalbard (79°N, ~1200 m water ...
    • 1H, 13C, 15N resonance assignment of the apo form of the small, chitin-active lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase JdLPMO10A from Jonesia denitrificans 

      Christensen, Idd Andrea; Eijsink, Vincent; Aachmann, Finn Lillelund; Courtade, Gaston (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-11-19)
      The lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase <i>Jd</i>LPMO10A is the N-terminal domain of the multimodular protein Jd1381. The isolated <i>Jd</i>LPMO10A domain is one of the smallest chitin-active lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases known to date with a size of only 15.5 kDa. <i>Jd</i>LPMO10A is a copper-dependent oxidative enzyme that depolymerizes chitin by hydroxylating the C1 carbon in the glycosidic ...
    • 2-Chloro-2-phenylethylammonium chloride 

      Lejon, Tore Sigvard; Ingebrigtsen, Truls Erik; Hansen, Lars Kr (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006)
    • 2.09 Å resolution structure of E. coli HigBA toxin-antitoxin complex reveals an ordered DNA-binding domain and intrinsic dynamics in antitoxin 

      Jadhav, Pankaj; Sinha, Vikrant; Chugh, Saurabh; Kotyada, Chaithanya; Bachhav, Digvijay; Singh, Ramandeep; Rothweiler, Ulli; Singh, Mahavir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-29)
      The toxin–antitoxin (TA) systems are small operon systems that are involved in important physiological processes in bacteria such as stress response and persister cell formation. Escherichia coli HigBA complex belongs to the type II TA systems and consists of a protein toxin called HigB and a protein antitoxin called HigA. The toxin HigB is a ribosome-dependent endoribonuclease that cleaves the ...
    • 20 years of research on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak 

      Greenwald, Martin; Bader, A; Baek, S; Bakhtiari, M; Barnard, H; Beck, W; Bergerson, W; Bespamyatnov, I; Bonoli, P; Brower, D; Brunner, D; Burke, W; Candy, J; Churchill, M; Cziegler, I; Diallo, A; Dominguez, A; Duval, B; Edlund, E; Ennever, P; Ernst, D; Faust, I; Fiore, C; Fredian, T; Garcia, Odd Erik; Gao, C; Goetz, J; Golfinopoulos, T; Granetz, R; Grulke, O; Hartwig, Z; Horne, S; Howard, N; Hubbard, A; Hughes, J; Hutchinson, I; Irby, J; Izzo, V; Kessel, C; Labombard, B; Lau, C; Li, C; Lin, Y; Lipschultz, B; Loarte, A; Marmar, E; Mazurenko, A; McCracken, G; McDermott, R; Meneghini, O; Mikkelsen, D; Mossessian, D; Mumgaard, R; Myra, J; Nelson-Melby, E; Ochoukov, R; Olynyk, G; Parker, R; Pitcher, S; Podpaly, Y; Porkolab, M; Reinke, M; Rice, J; Rowan, W; Schmidt, A; Scott, S; Shiraiwa, S; Sierchio, J; Smick, N; Snipes, JA; Snyder, P; Sorbom, B; Stillerman, J; Sung, C; Takase, Y; Tang, V; Terry, J; Terry, D; Theiler, C; Tronchin-James, A; Tsujii, N; Vieira, R; Walk, J; Wallace, G; White, A; Whyte, D; Wilson, J; Wolfe, S; Wright, G; Wright, J; Wukitch, S; Zweben, S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • 2018 Beam-park observations of space debris with the EISCAT radars 

      Vierinen, Juha; Kastinen, D; Markkanen, Jussi; Grydeland, Tom; Kero, Johan; Horstmann, A.; Hesselbach, S.; Kebschull, C.; Røynestad, Elisabeth; Krag, Holger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019)
      Monitoring the evolution of the space debris environment requires regular radar observations of the space debris population. This study presents the results from 24 hours of beam-park observations of space objects conducted simultaneously with the EISCAT Svalbard and Tromsø radars on and between January 4th and 5th, 2018. The measurements are processed with a new matched filter bank analysis program, ...
    • 2022 Tonga Volcanic Eruption Induced Global Propagation of Ionospheric Disturbances via Lamb Waves 

      Zhang, Shun-Rong; Vierinen, Juha; Aa, Ercha; Goncharenko, Larisa P.; Erickson, Philip J.; Rideout, William; Coster, Anthea J.; Spicher, Andres (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-03-23)
      The Tonga volcano eruption at 04:14:45 UT on 2022-01-15 released enormous amounts of energy into the atmosphere, triggering very significant geophysical variations not only in the immediate proximity of the epicenter but also globally across the whole atmosphere. This study provides a global picture of ionospheric disturbances over an extended period for at least 4 days. We find traveling ionospheric ...
    • 21st Century Scenario Forcing Increases More for CMIP6 Than CMIP5 Models 

      Fredriksen, Hege-Beate; Smith, Christopher J.; Modak, Angshuman; Rugenstein, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-03-16)
      Although the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6 (CMIP6) protocol provides an experiment to estimate effective radiative forcing (ERF), it is only quantified for few models. We present new estimates of ERF for models participating in CMIP6 by applying the method developed in Fredriksen et al. (2021,, and validate our approach with available fixed-SST forcing ...
    • 25 years of self-organized criticality: concepts and controversies 

      Watkins, Nicholas W.; Pruessner, Gunnar; Chapman, Sandra; Crosby, Norma B; Jensen, Henrik J (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-28)
      Introduced by the late Per Bak and his colleagues, self-organized criticality (SOC) has been one of the most stimulating concepts to come out of statistical mechanics and condensed matter theory in the last few decades, and has played a significant role in the development of complexity science. SOC, and more generally fractals and power laws, have attracted much comment, ranging from the very ...
    • 2d gauge theories and generalized geometry 

      Salnikov, Vladimir; Strobl, Thomas; Kotov, Oleksii (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • 3,4-Dihydroquinoxalin-2-ones: recent advances in synthesis and bioactivities 

      Kristoffersen, Tone; Hansen, Jørn H. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-26)
      A summary of recent synthesis approaches to 3,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2-ones is discussed herein along with highlights of biological activity. The synthetic approaches include access to enantiopure heterocycles from chiral pool amino acids via coupling/cyclization, Michael addition/cyclization cascades, 3,3-disubstituted systems from multicomponent couplings, Bargellini reaction or photochemical ...
    • 3-(Acetylamino)benzoic acid 

      Hansen, Lars Kr; Perlovich, German; Bauer-Brandl, Annette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007)
    • 3-D seismic interpretation of the Samson Dome in the framework of the tectonostratigraphic and fluid migration development of the Western Barents Sea 

      Martiuk, Daria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-06-21)
      Three-dimensional (3-D) seismic interpretations of data from the Samson Dome show direct connection between the local geological evolution of the area and the regional tectonic and stratigraphic development of the western Barents Sea. Rifting events, halokinetic movements, uplift and glacial processes influenced the area of the Samson Dome. The Samson Dome structure, located in the south-western ...
    • A 30-year probability map for oil spill trajectories in the barents sea to assess potential environmental and socio-economic threats 

      Pavlov, Victor; Martins de Aguiar, Victor Cesar; Hole, Lars Robert; Pongrácz, Eva (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-12-24)
      Increasing exploration and exploitation activity in the Arctic Ocean has intensified maritime traffic in the Barents Sea. Due to the sparse population and insufficient oil spill response infrastructure on the extensive Barents Sea shoreline, it is necessary to address the possibility of offshore accidents and study hazards to the local environment and its resources. Simulations of surface oil ...
    • (3aS,4S,6S,7aR)-hexahydro-3a,5,5-trimethyl-2-phenyl-4,6-methano-1,3,2-benzodioxaborole 

      Lejon, Tore; Gozhina, Olga Vladimirovna; Khrustalev, Victor N. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The molecule of the title compound, C16H21BO2, comprises a chiral fused tricyclic system containing five-membered (1,3,2-dioxaborolane), six-membered (cyclohexane) and four-membered (cyclobutane) rings. The 1,3,2-dioxaborolane ring is almost planar (r.m.s. deviation = 0.035 Å), and the syn H and Me substituents at this ring are in an eclipsed conformation. The cyclohexane and cyclobutane rings adopt ...
    • 3D and 4D seismic investigations of fluid flow and gas hydrate systems 

      Waage, Malin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2019-02-18)
      Using the state-of-the-art high resolution P-Cable 3D seismic system, in this thesis we (1) study the shallow strata (<1km below seabed) and describe the geological controls and driving mechanisms for fluid leakage at two sites in the northern Barents Sea, and (2) introduce a new time-lapse seismic method for high-frequency (~30-350 Hz) P-Cable seismic data. The study areas are interesting as ...
    • 3D full-wave multi-scattering forward solver for coherent microscopes 

      Qin, Yingying; Butola, Ankit; Agarwal, Krishna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2023-04-21)
      A rigorous forward model solver for conventional coherent microscope is presented. The forward model is derived from Maxwell’s equations and models the wave behaviour of light matter interaction. Vectorial waves and multiple-scattering effect are considered in this model. Scattered field can be calculated with given distribution of the refractive index of the biological sample. Bright field images ...