Now showing items 1-10 of 1778
Resilience Assessment: A Performance‐Based Importance Measure
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-12)
The resilience of a system can be considered as a function of its reliability and recoverability. Hence, for effective resilience management, the reliability and recoverability of all components which build up the system need to be identified. After that, their importance should be identified using an appropriate model for future resource allocation. The critical infrastructures are under dynamic ...
General recurrence-relation generation scheme for molecular integral evaluation
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-24)
We develop a new scheme for evaluating different molecular integrals using Gaussian type orbitals. In this new scheme, the evaluation of integrals is performed in two steps during runtime. The first step is a top-down procedure that maps each recurrence relation into a jagged array (array of arrays), where each element of a member array represents either the final results or some intermediate integrals ...
Renewable Solvents for Palladium-Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-04)
Solvents constitute the largest component for many chemical processes and substitution of nonrenewable solvents is a longstanding goal for green chemistry. Here, we show that Pd-catalyzed carbonylative couplings, such as carbonylative cross-couplings, aminocarbonylations, and alkoxycarbonylations, can be successfully realized using renewable solvents. The present research covers not only well-established ...
The rock slope failures at Låvan and Dusnjarga, Northern Norway. A comprehensive Quaternary, morphological and structural analysis
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-15)
Rock avalanches and subsequent displacement waves represented the deadliest natural disaster in Norway in the past century. The two deep-seated and unstable slopes Dusnjarga and Låvan in Troms county (Norway) are clearly defined by morphological deformation features. Due to the steep fjord setting, a potential catastrophic rock avalanche could pose a severe threat to people and infrastructure along ...
Differential Invariants of Linear Symplectic Actions
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-07)
We consider the equivalence problem for symplectic and conformal symplectic group actions on submanifolds and functions of symplectic and contact linear spaces. This is solved by computing differential invariants via the Lie-Tresse theorem.
On sea-ice forecasting
(Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-05-15)
Accurate sea-ice prediction is essential for safe operations in the Arctic and potentially also for weather forecast at high-latitudes. The increasing number of sea-ice related satellite observations in the Arctic can be used to improve the model predictions through data assimilation. For sea ice, sea-ice concentration (SIC) observations have been available for many years. Observational information ...
Modification of bedrock surfaces by glacial abrasion and quarrying: Evidence from North Wales
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-30)
Abrasion and quarrying are significant processes of subglacial erosion for ice masses in direct contact with hard substrates, yet their relative efficacy and spatio-temporal variability is unclear. Here, we investigate the glacial impact of these processes on a 70 m by 60 m bedrock surface at Moel Ysgyfarnogod in the Rhinog Mountains, Wales, using a combination of high-resolution digital photographs, ...
A Possible Explanation of Interhemispheric Asymmetry of Equatorial Plasma Bubbles in Airglow Images
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-28)
Equatorial plasma bubbles resulting from equatorial spread urn:x-wiley:jgra:media:jgra55597:jgra55597-math-0002 are well known to be aligned along the Earth's geomagnetic fields. During the geomagnetic storm on 17 March 2015, all‐sky airglow observations from Tirunelveli (8.7°N, 77.8°E, 1.7°N dip latitude) showed an apparent interhemispheric asymmetry in the tilt of the equatorial plasma bubbles. ...
A low-cost set CRDT based on causal lengths
(Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020-04)
CRDTs, or Conflict-free Replicated Data Types, are data abstractions that guarantee convergence for replicated data. Set is one of the most fundamental and widely used data types. Existing general-purpose set CRDTs associate every element in the set with causal contexts as meta data. Manipulation of causal contexts can be complicated and costly. We present a new set CRDT, CLSet (causal-length set), ...
Computational and experimental insights into asymmetric Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation with CO2
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-18)
The asymmetric Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation of α,β‐unsaturated carbonyl compounds was originally developed by Mikami and co‐workers but gives only moderate enantiomeric excesses. In order to understand the factors controlling the enantioselectivity and to propose novel ligands for this reaction, we have used computational and experimental methods to study the Rh‐catalyzed hydrocarboxylation with ...