Now showing items 1-20 of 252

    • 27 days of managerial work in the police service 

      Karp, Tom; Filstad, Cathrine; Glomseth, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-09)
      The purpose of this study was to uncover the realities of managerial work in the Norwegian police service. Observation and interview of 27 police managers showed that managerial work emerged and unfolded through specific practices, which occurred within a shared organisational practice shaped by police culture, context and mission. Managers practiced in a variety of ways rather than according to a ...
    • Absorptive capacity and energy efficiency in manufacturing firms – An empirical analysis in Norway 

      Solnørdal, Mette Talseth; Thyholdt, Sverre Braathen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-02)
      Increased energy efficiency (EE) in manufacturing firms is important for confronting climate challenges. However, the information barrier is considered a major restriction on EE innovation. Building on the theory of absorptive capacity and the current EE literature, we argue that this barrier relates to firms' ability to assimilate and exploit information. Thus, this study's objective is to analyse ...
    • Absorptive Capacity, Co-creation, and Innovation Performance: A Cross-country Analysis of Gazelle and Nongazelle Companies 

      Dahlin, Peter; Moilanen, Mikko; Østbye, Stein; Pesämaa, Ossi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-09)
      <i>Purpose</i> - The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of absorptive capacity (ACAP) and co-creation on innovation performance (INN).<p> <p><i>Design/methodology/approach</i> - The authors use survey data from Swedish and Norwegian companies (<i>n</i>=1,102) and establish a cross-national equivalence between Sweden and Norway.<p> <p><i>Findings</i> - The subsequent structural ...
    • Accumulated marine pollution and fishery dynamics 

      Bergland, Harald; Pedersen, Pål Andreas; Wyller, John Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-05)
      We analyze the possible impacts of pollution on a fishery by means of a dynamical systems theory approach. The proposed model presupposes that activities stimulating economic growth also cause higher emissions that remediate or accumulate in the oceans. The density of pollution is assumed to affect the fishery negatively by reducing biological growth potential and decreasing marginal willingness to ...
    • Adding an Ethical and Spiritual Dimension to Sustainable Business Models 

      Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-06)
      This conceptual paper argues for the explicit inclusion of the inherent ethical and spiritual dimensions of sustainability in approaches to business models. The main characteristics of literature on sustainable business models are reviewed. Based on some of the main tenets of ecofeminism and Buddhism, it is observed that some important aspects of sustainability’s ethical and spiritual dimensions in ...
    • Adoption of alternative fuel vehicles: Influence from neighbors, family and coworkers 

      Jansson, Johan; Pettersson, Thomas; Mannberg, Andrea; Brännlund, Runar; Lindgren, Urban (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07)
      During the last years, many governments have set targets for increasing the share of biofuels in the transportation sector. Understanding consumer behavior is essential in designing policies that efficiently increase the uptake of cleaner technologies. In this paper we analyze adopters and non-adopters of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). We use diffusion of innovation theory and the established ...
    • Aktive turister gir verdier 

      Prebensen, Nina Katrine (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2013-06-20)
      Reiselivsnæringen i Norge forteller at turistene bruker mindre penger. Undersøkelser viser at turistene synes Norge er ensformig, kjedelig, og dyrt. Hva gjør norgesferien variert, spennende og verdifull? Hva gir valuta for pengene? Det å forstå hvordan verdier skapes i opplevelsesbransjene er grunnleggende for økt lønnsomhet, konkurransekraft og bærekraftighet. Opplevelsesindustrien blir i stor ...
    • Alfheim duger 

      Bertheussen, Bernt Arne (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2011-12-27)
    • “All along the curves”: Bridging the gap between comparative statics and simultaneous econometric models 

      Brækkan, Eivind Hestvik; Myrland, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-31)
      A simultaneous econometric model of supply and demand provides estimates of own-price effects and the effect of exogenous variables on supply or demand. Most of the time economists use elasticities derived from econometric analysis in a ceteris paribus context, more seldom in a total elasticity setting (Buse in J Farm Econ 40:881–891, 1958). Perhaps even more seldom net effects of exogenous changes ...
    • The all-pay auction with cross-shareholdings 

      Clark, Derek J.; Konrad, Kai A.; Riis, Christian (Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 2007-02)
      We consider an all-pay auction between several firms under asymmetric information in which each firm owns a share in its rival. We characterize the equilibrium and show how much these cross-shareholdings serve to dampen competition. Additionally, we explain why the well known relationship between the equilibrium strategies of the standard first price and all-pay auctions breaks down in our setting.
    • An Analysis of a Semelparous Population Model with Density-Dependent Fecundity and Density - Dependent Survival Probabilities. 

      Wikan, Arild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-17)
      A discrete age-structured semelparous Leslie matrix model where density dependence is included both in the fecundity and in the survival probabilities is analysed. Depending on strength of density dependence, we show in the precocious semelparous case that the nonstationary dynamics may indeed be rich, ranging from SYC (a dynamical state where the whole population is in one age class only) dynamics ...
    • An analysis of Discrete stage-structured prey and prey-predator population models. 

      Wikan, Arild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-16)
      Discrete stage-structured prey and prey-predator models are considered. Regarding the former, we prove that the models at hand are permanent (i.e., the population will neither go extinct nor exhibit explosive oscillations) and, moreover, that the transfer from stability to nonstationary behaviour always goes through a supercritical Neimark−Sacker bifurcation.The prey model covers species that ...
    • Analyzing the returns of the first transaction satisfaction on intention to purchase and willingness to pay: Evidence for new food products 

      Tudoran, Ana Alina; Olsen, Svein Ottar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-22)
      The present study sheds light on the kind of relationships that link first transaction consumer satisfaction (CS), purchase intention (PI), and willingness to pay (WTP) for new food products. The article presents a comparative evaluation of linear and nonlinear quadratic and cubic specifications used to assess the relationships involved. The study uses empirical evidence from three product-testing ...
    • Aquaculture-fisheries interactions 

      Mikkelsen, Eirik (Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 2006-02)
      Assuming externalities from aquaculture to fisheries, we use a Verhulst-Schaefer model of fish population-dynamics and production, coupled with an aquaculture production model, to investigate effects on open-access and rent-maximising fisheries. Externalities are modelled by letting carrying capacity, intrinsic growth rate or catchability coefficient in the fishery depend on aquaculture production. ...
    • The art of untangling: High North SME board directors' challenges in understanding strategy, control, and service tasks 

      Fjellvær, Hilde; Olsen, Trude Høgvold; Solstad, Elsa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Boards of directors represent an important, but understudied, resource for business development of High North SMEs. We studied board director perceptions of what constitutes the most important board tasks and which activities each major task actually involved. We followed a local board development project with participants from several industries and companies in Northern Norway over a two-year ...
    • Aspects of a knowledge theory for new venture creation: Management, policy and methodological implications 

      Stokvik, Hanne; Adriaenssen, Daniel J; Johannessen, Jon-Arild; Skålsvik, Hugo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The problem studied is related to new venture creation. The question the authors will examine here is: What are the knowledge conditions for new venture creation? The methodology used is conceptual generalization. The purpose of the paper is to bring new understandings to venture creation. In attempting to answer the research question, the authors hope to make a contribution to a policy for ...
    • Assessing the Learning Outcomes of Food-related Educational Tourism Events for University Students: The Case of the International Student Competition of Fermo, Italy 

      Tomasi, Sabrina; Cavicchi, Alessio; Paviotti, Gigliola; Bertella, Giovanna; Santini, Cristina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-30)
      This paper examines the International Student Competition on Place Brand­ing and Mediterranean Diet held in Fermo, Italy, in the context of the devel­opment of rural areas. This one-week food-related educational programme was organised by the University of Macerata’s Department of Education, Cultural Heritage and Tourism in collaboration with The Piceno Laboratory on the Mediterranean Diet, a local ...
    • Assisting sustainable food consumption: The effects of quality signals stemming from consumers and stores in online and physical grocery retailing 

      Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Larsen, Nils Magne; Alemu, Mohammed Hussen; Gallogly, Joseph K.; Menon, Vishnu R.G.; Fagerstrøm, Asle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-03)
      Increased fish consumption can contribute to a more sustainable food system. This paper explores how signaling affects consumer choices in fresh fish purchasing situations, both in traditional and online retail settings. We examined two different types of market signals; quality signals stemming from consumers as a social proof and authority signals coming from stores. Study 1 showed that quality ...
    • Attitudes and intentional reactions towards mariculture development - local residents' perspective 

      Armbrecht, John; Skallerud, Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-22)
      Aquaculture (i.e., farming of aquatic organisms, including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic plants) is playing an increasingly important role in the global food supply. The contribution of aquaculture to total fish production has risen steadily, reaching 44% in 2014 (Moffitt and Cajas-Cano, 2014). The future growth of aquaculture is expected to help accomplish the Sustainable Development ...
    • Attribute importance segmentation of Norwegian seafood consumers:The inclusion of salient packaging attributes 

      Olsen, Svein Ottar; Tuu, Ho Huu; Grunert, Klaus G. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-29)
      The main purpose of this study is to identify consumer segments based on the importance of product attributes when buying seafood for homemade meals on weekdays. There is a particular focus on the relative importance of the packaging attributes of fresh seafood. The results are based on a representative survey of 840 Norwegian consumers between 18 and 80 years of age. This study found that taste, ...