Now showing items 21-40 of 1714

    • Measuring extravascular lung water. Animals and humans are not the same 

      Bjertnæs, Lars J.; Kirov, Mikhail; Kuzkov, Vsevolod V.; Fernandez-Mondejar, Enrique (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-07-24)
      The evolution of extravascular lung water (EVLW) monitoring is an important step forward in the hemodynamic assessment of critically ill patients.
    • Dealing with suicidal patients – a challenging task. A qualitative study of young physicians' experiences 

      Talseth, Anne-Grethe; Sørensen Høifødt, Tordis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-08-23)
      Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and treating suicidal patients represents one of the most challenging and complex clinical situations for young physicians. Education of physicians is considered an important strategy in suicide prevention. Young physicians often meet suicidal patients early in their career. Limited information is available about how newly educated physicians ...
    • Alpha-actinin-binding antibodies in relation to systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis 

      Becker-Merok, Andrea; Kalaaji, Manar; Haugbro, Kaia; Nikolaisen, Cathrin; Nilsen, Kirsten; Rekvig, Ole Petter; Nossent, Johannes C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-10-24)
      This study investigated the overall clinical impact of anti-α- actinin antibodies in patients with pre-selected autoimmune diseases and in a random group of anti-nuclear antibody (ANA)- positive individuals. The relation of anti-α-actinin antibodies with lupus nephritis and anti-double-stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) antibodies represented a particular focus for the study. Using a cross-sectional ...
    • Å skape et hjem – kvinners plass i den tidlige institusjonsbyggingen. Nord-Norge før 1940 

      Hamran, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007)
      Scandinavian welfare research has paid more and more attention to the role played by women in building institutions for children, the sick and the elderly. The new institutions were generally called ”homes” and it was precisely this linkage between women and homes that may have led to clear perceptions of what the new ”homes” were like. Concepts like motherliness, homeliness and intimacy are ...
    • Kvinneforeningene, institusjonsbyggingen og den nasjonale velferdspolitikken. Nord-Norge før 1940 

      Hamran, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007)
      Hensikten med artikkelen er å belyse lokale kvinneforeningers innsats som institusjonsbyggere, hvilke samarbeidsrelasjoner og politiske maktforhold de inngikk i, og hvilken betydning deres innsats kan ha fått for utformingen av den norske velferdsstaten. Rettighetsaspektet i form av trygder og ytelser og den partipolitiske debatten rundt dette har fått stor plass i deler av den skandinaviske ...
    • Infrastructural arrangement for integrated care : implementing an electronic nursing plan in a psychogeriatric ward 

      Munkvold, Glenn; Ellingsen, Gunnar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007)
    • Armoda er ikkje sjølvforskyldt 

      Elstad, Ingunn (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2007)
    • An uncommon presentation and course of metastatic malignant melanoma : case report 

      Dalhaug, Astrid; Norum, Jan; Pawinski, Adam; Nieder, Carsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2007)
    • Pasientvolum og behandlingskvalitet ved hjerte- og karsykdommer 

      Norderhaug, Inger Natvig; Ingebrigsten, Tor; Krogstad, Unni; Søreide, Odd; Myhre, Hans Olav; Wiseth, Rune (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2007)
      Kunnskapssenteret har gjennomgått og sammenstilt forskningen om pasientvolum og behandlingskvalitet med grunnlag i litteratur for perioden 2001–2006. Denne delrapporten tar for seg behandling av hjerte- og karsykdommer.The influence of hospital or physician volume on qality of health care
    • Pasientsikkerhet i sykehus – kunnskap eller kampanje? 

      Gilbert, Mads; Krogstad, Unni; Ormstad, Sari Susanna; Rygh, Liv; Arntzen, Elisabeth; Baalsrud, Anders; Nilsen, Stein Tore (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2007)
      Helse Øst RHF har bedt Kunnskapssenteret om å vurdere dokumentasjonen for de seks satsingsområdene kampanjen fokuserer på: Etablere 'Rapid response team' (ekspertgruppe som tilkalles ved forverret tilstand hos pasienter) gjennomføre evidensbaserte behandlingstiltak for alle hjerteinfarktpasienter, forebygge legemiddelrelaterte pasientskader, forebygge postoperative sårinfeksjoner, forebygge ...
    • Helseøkonomisk evaluering av bevacizumab ved metastatisk kolorektalcancer 

      Aaserud, Morten; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø; Neilson, Aileen Rae; Norum, Jan; Sørbye, Halfdan; Aas, Eline; Gjertsen, Marianne Klemp (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2007)
      Vi har gjennomført en modellbasert analyse av kostnadseffektiviteten av bevacizumab som førstelinjebehandling av metastatisk kolorektalcancer (tykk- og endetarmskreft) i Norge. Vi har undersøkt effekten av å legge bevacizumab til standard kjemoterapi. Beregningene er forbundet med betydelig usikkerhet, og resultatene bør derfor tolkes med forsiktighet.
    • The association between timed up and go test and history of falls : The Tromsø study 

      Joakimsen, Ragnar Martin; Thornquist, Eline; Thrane, Gyrd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-01-12)
      Background: Fall-related injuries in older adults are a major health problem. Although the aetiology of falls is multifactorial, physical factors are assumed to contribute significantly. The "Timed up and go test" (TUG) is designed to measure basic mobility function. This report evaluates the association between TUG times and history of falls. Methods: A retrospective, observational, population-based ...
    • Quality or equality? : the Norwegian experience with medical monopolies 

      Rasmussen, Knut; Bratlid, Dag (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-02-15)
      Background: In order to maintain both quality and efficiency of health services in a small country with a scattered population, Norway established a monopoly system for 38 highly specialized medical services. The geographical distributions of these services, which are provided by one or two university hospitals only, were analysed. Methods: The counties of residence for 2 711 patients admitted ...
    • Assessing medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills : which components of attitudes do we measure? 

      Anvik, Tor; Gude, Tore; Bærheim, Anders; Risberg, Terje; Fasmer, Ole B.; Hjortdahl, Per; Holen, Are; Vaglum, Per (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-03-30)
      Background: The Communication Skills Attitudes Scale (CSAS) created by Rees, Sheard and Davies and published in 2002 has been a widely used instrument for measuring medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills. Earlier studies have shown that the CSAS mainly tests two dimensions of attitudes towards communication; positive attitudes (PAS) and negative attitudes (NAS). The ...
    • European citizens' use of E-health services : a study of seven countries 

      Wynn, Rolf; Andreassen, Hege K.; Bujnowska-Fedak, Maria M.; Chronaki, Catherine E.; Dumitru, Roxana C.; Pudule, Iveta; Santana, Silvina; Voss, Henning (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-04-10)
      Background: European citizens are increasingly being offered Internet health services. This study investigated patterns of health-related Internet use, its consequences, and citizens' expectations about their doctors' provision of e-health services. Methods: Representative samples were obtained from the general populations in Norway, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Poland, Portugal and Latvia. The ...
    • A qualitative study of the learning processes in young physicians treating suicidal patients. From insecurity to personal pattern knowledge and self-confidence 

      Talseth, Anne-Grethe; Høifødt, Tordis Sørensen; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-07-06)
      Background: Little empirical work has been done in studying learning processes among newly educated physicians in the mental health field. The aim of the study was to shed light on the meaning of newly educated physicians' lived experiences of learning processes related to treating suicidal patients. Methods: Thirteen newly educated physicians narrated their learning experiences while treating ...
    • Characteristics of successfully implemented telemedical applications 

      Engeseth, Kjersti H.; Obstfelder, Aud; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-07-27)
      Background: There has been an increased interest in the use of telemedical applications in clinical practice in recent years. Considerable effort has been invested in trials and experimental services. Yet, surprisingly few applications have continued beyond the research and development phase. The aim of this study is to explore characteristics of successfully implemented telemedical applications. ...
    • Between health care and social security : psychiatric patients and the disability pension system in Norway and Russia 

      Rezvyy, Grigory; Schönfelder, Walter; Midré, Georges; Øiesvold, Terje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-08-16)
      Background: The official statistics of persons with mental disorders who are granted disability pension (DP) in Russia and Norway indicate large differences between the countries. Methods: This qualitative explorative hypothesis-generating study is based on text analysis of the laws, regulations and guidelines, and qualitative interviews of informants representing all the organisational elements ...
    • Curriculum factors influencing knowledge of communication skills among medical students 

      Bærheim, Anders; Anvik, Tor; Risberg, Terje; Hjortdahl, Per; Holen, Are; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Grimstad, Hilde; Gude, Tore; Vaglum, Per (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-10-10)
      Background: Communication training builds on the assumption that understanding of the concepts related to professional communication facilitates the training. We know little about whether students' knowledge of clinical communication skills is affected by their attendance of communication training courses, or to what degree other elements of the clinical training or curriculum design also play a ...