• BAFF expression is increased in Lupus Nephritis and associated with activation of C1 inhibitor, α-1-acid-glycoprotein and endothelial markers. 

      Eilertsen, Gro Østli; Ghelue, Marijke van; Nossent, Johannes C (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      B cell activating factor (BAFF) inhibitor therapy has recently been approved for non-renal Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). While BAFF plays a role in experimental lupus nephritis (LN), its role human LN is not well studied. Case control study in 102 SLE patients, 30 with LN (+LN) and 72 without LN (-LN) and 31 healthy controls. We analysed BAFF mRNA expression in PBMCs (BAFF-RQ) and serum BAFF ...
    • Bariatric surgery reduces fasting total fatty acids and increases n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in morbidly obese individuals 

      Hovland, Anders; Nestvold, Torunn Kristin; Bohov, Pavol; Trøseid, Marius; Aukrust, Pål; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-25)
      Background: <br> Obesity is a global pandemic leading to increased mortality and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Bariatric surgery is an established treatment of obesity leading to weight loss and reduction of mortality. To further elucidate how bariatric surgery improves metabolic control, we explored the fatty acid (FA) profiles in morbidly obese subjects treated with lifestyle ...
    • Benchmarking of aggregated length of stay after open and laparoscopic surgery for cancers of the digestive system 

      Lassen, Kristoffer; Nymo, Linn Såve; Olsen, Frank; Søreide, Kjetil (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-23)
      <i>Background</i>: Length of hospital stay (LOS) may serve as a surrogate measure of healthcare quality and resource use, particularly when transfers of care and readmissions are accounted for. This study aimed to benchmark true hospital stay by measuring index, transfer and readmission stays across the range of digestive cancer surgery.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: A cohort study of all patients ...
    • Beta cell function after weight loss : a clinical trial comparing gastric bypass surgery and intensive lifestyle intervention 

      Hofsø, Dag; Jenssen, Trond Geir; Bollerslev, Jens; Ueland, Thor; Godang, Kristin; Stumvoll, Michael; Sandbu, Rune; Røislien, Jo; Hjelmesæth, Jøran (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The effects of various weight loss strategies on pancreatic beta cell function remain unclear. We aimed to compare the effect of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) on beta cell function. Design One year controlled clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00273104). One hundred and nineteen morbidly obese participants without known diabetes from ...
    • Between health care and social security : psychiatric patients and the disability pension system in Norway and Russia 

      Rezvyy, Grigory; Schönfelder, Walter; Midré, Georges; Øiesvold, Terje; Olstad, Reidun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-08-16)
      Background: The official statistics of persons with mental disorders who are granted disability pension (DP) in Russia and Norway indicate large differences between the countries. Methods: This qualitative explorative hypothesis-generating study is based on text analysis of the laws, regulations and guidelines, and qualitative interviews of informants representing all the organisational elements ...
    • Blood pressure and age-related GFR decline in the general population 

      Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar; Stefansson, Vidar Tor Nyborg; Jenssen, Trond Geir; Mathisen, Ulla Dorte; Schei, Jørgen; Solbu, Marit Dahl; Wilsgaard, Tom; Melsom, Toralf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-28)
      Background: <br> Hypertension is one of the most important causes of end-stage renal disease, but it is unclear whether elevated blood pressure (BP) also accelerates the gradual decline in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) seen in the general population with increasing age. The reason may be that most studies have considered only baseline BP and not the effects of changes in BP, antihypertensive ...
    • Blood pressure target achievement and antihypertensive medication use in women and men after first-ever myocardial infarction: the Tromsø Study 1994-2016 

      Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter; Eggen, Anne Elise; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Nilsen, Amalie; Njølstad, Inger; Wilsgaard, Tom (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-03)
      Background: <br> Recurrent cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction (MI) are frequent, and gender differences in blood pressure treatment have been reported. Despite increased focus on secondary prevention, recent reports indicate that treatment targets are not achieved. There is a need for gender-specific analyses of post-MI blood pressure treatment target achievement and ...
    • Bone trait ranking in the population is not established during antenatal growth but is robustly established in the first postnatal year 

      Skåren, Lise Hansen; Wang, Xiaofang; Bjørnerem, Åshild (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-17)
      Efforts to understand the pathophysiology of bone fragility must focus on bone traits during growth. We hypothesized that variance in individual trait ranking in the population distribution is established by genetic factors and is reflected in foetal trait ranking in early pregnancy, but intrauterine factors modify trait ranking in late pregnancy, followed by the reinstating of this ranking during ...
    • Bradykinin-Induced Shock Increase Exhaled Nitric Oxide, Complement Activation and Cytokine Production in Pigs 

      Seip, Knut Fredrik; Evjenth, Bjørg; Hovland, Anders; Dybwik, Knut Gustav; Johansen, Harald Thidemann; Fure, Hilde; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Nielsen, Erik Waage (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-04)
      Bradykinin is an important mediator in blood pressure regulation, ischemic precondition and capillary leakage, allergy, anaphylaxis, inflammation, and nociception, at least partly via the generation of nitric oxide (NO). Macrophages are particularly abundant in the porcine lung circulation. Upon bradykinin binding macrophages release cytokines and endothelial ...
    • Brain Damage Treated with Non Proven Intensive Training 2003-2011: A Norwegian Cost Analysis 

      Norum, Jan; Tjeldnes, Knut; Ramsvik, Arnborg (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2012)
      There has been an increased request for intensive training and rehabilitation of patients with brain damage in Norway. These programs are demanding with regard to personnel, travelling, time and economic resources. We aimed to indicate cost and gain to make these programs cost-effective. A retrospective study included all patients referred to the Northern Norway Regional Health Authority (NNRHA) ...
    • Brain death and postmortem organ donation: report of a questionnaire from the CENTER-TBI study 

      van Veen, Ernest; Van Der Jagt, Mathieu; Cnossen, Maryse C.; Maas, Andrew I. R.; De Beaufort, Inez D.; Menon, David K.; Citerio, Giuseppe; Stocchetti, Nino; Rietdijk, Wim J. R.; van Dijck, Jeroen T. J. M.; Kompanje, Erwin J. O.; Vik, Anne; Andelic, Nada; Andreassen, Lasse; Anke, Audny; Frisvold, Shirin; Helseth, Eirik; Roise, Olav; Skandsen, Toril; Håberg, Asta; Røe, Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-16)
      <p><i>Background</i>: We aimed to investigate the extent of the agreement on practices around brain death and postmortem organ donation.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Investigators from 67 Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study centers completed several questionnaires (response rate: 99%).</p> <p><i>Results</i>: Regarding practices around ...
    • Brain Metastases Research 1990-2010: Pattern of Citation and Systematic Review of Highly Cited Articles 

      Nieder, Carsten; Grosu, Anca L.; Mehta, Minesh P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      High and continuously increasing research activity related to different aspects of prevention, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of brain metastases has been performed between 1990 and 2010. One of the major databases contains 2695 scientific articles that were published during this time period. Different measures of impact, visibility, and quality of published research are available, each with ...
    • Brief Report: The Genetic Profile of Rheumatoid Factor–Positive Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Resembles That of Adult Rheumatoid Arthritis 

      Hinks, Anne; Marion, Miranda C.; Cobb, Joanna; Comeau, Mary E.; Sudman, Marc; Ainsworth, Hannah C.; Bowes, John; Becker, Mara L.; Bohnsack, John F.; Haas, Johannes-Peter; Lovell, Daniel J.; Mellins, Elizabeth D.; Nelson, J. Lee; Nordal, Ellen Berit; Punaro, Marilynn; Reed, Ann M.; Rose, Carlos D.; Rosenberg, Alan M.; Rygg, Marite; Smith, Samantha L.; Stevens, Anne M.; Videm, Vibeke; Wallace, Carol A.; Wedderburn, Lucy R.; Yarwood, Annie; Yeung, Rae S.M.; Langefeld, Carl D.; Thompson, Susan D.; Thomson, Wendy; Prahalad, Sampath (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-09)
      <i><p>Objective</i>: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) comprises 7 heterogeneous categories of chronic childhood arthritides. Approximately 5% of children with JIA have rheumatoid factor (RF)–positive arthritis, which phenotypically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our objective was to compare and contrast the genetics of RF‐positive polyarticular JIA with those of RA and selected other ...
    • Bronchial airway gene expression in smokers with lung or head and neck cancer 

      Van Dyck, Eric; Nazarov, Petr; Muller, Arnaud; Nicot, Nathalie; Bosseler, Manon; Pierson, Sandrine; Van Moer, Kris; Palissot, Valèrie; Mascaux, Cèline; Knolle, Ulrich; Ninane, Vincent; Nati, Romain; Bremnes, Roy M.; Vallar, Laurent; Guy, Berchem; Schlesser, Marc (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • The butterfly design as an alternative to the "double-A" bilateral flaps for the treatment of sacral defects 

      Weum, Sven Magne; De Weerd, Louis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-04)
      Letter to the Editor
    • Bypassing adverse injection reactions to nanoparticles through shape modification and attachment to erythrocytes 

      Wibroe, Peter Popp; Anselmo, Aaron C; Nilsson, Per; Sarode, Apoorva; Gupta, Vivek; Urbanics, Rudolf; Szebeni, Janos; Hunter, Alan Christy; Mitragotri, Samir; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Moghimi, Seyed Moein (Journal article; Manuskript; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-04-10)
      Intravenously injected nanopharmaceuticals, including PEGylated nanoparticles, induce adverse cardiopulmonary reactions in sensitive human subjects, and these reactions are highly reproducible in pigs. Although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood, roles for both the complement system and reactive macrophages have been implicated. Here, we show the dominance and importance of robust ...
    • Bystander first aid in trauma – prevalence and quality: a prospective observational study 

      Bakke, Håkon Kvåle; Steinvik, Tine; Eidissen, Silje-Iren; Gilbert, Mads; Wisborg, Torben (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-19)
      Background: Bystander first aid and basic life support can likely improve victim survival in trauma. In contrast to bystander first aid and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, little is known about the role of bystanders in trauma response. Our aim was to determine how frequently first aid is given to trauma victims by bystanders, the quality of this aid, the professional background of first-aid ...
    • C-reactive protein and risk of venous thromboembolism: Results from a population-based case-crossover study 

      Grimnes, Gro; Isaksen, Trond; Tichelaar, Ynse Ieuwe Gerardus Vladimir; Brox, Jan; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-19)
      Long-term, low-grade inflammation does not seem to be a risk factor for venous thromboembolism. The impact of acute inflammation, regardless of cause, on risk of venous thromboembolism is scarcely studied. We aimed to investigate the impact of acute inflammation, assessed by C-reactive protein, on short-term risk of venous thromboembolism. We conducted a case-crossover study of patients with venous ...
    • Caesarean section rates and activity-based funding in Northern Norway: A model-based study using the World Health Organization's recommendation 

      Norum, Jan; Svee, Tove Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-16)
      <i>Objective</i>: Caesarean section (CS) rates vary significantly worldwide. ,e World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended a maximum CS rate of 15%. Norwegian hospitals are paid per CS (activity-based funding), employing the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system. We aimed to document how financial incentives can be affected by reduced CS rates, according to the WHO’s recommendation. <p> <p> ...
    • Calculating the 30-day survival in acute myocardial infarction: should we use the treatment chain or the hospital catchment model? 

      Norum, Jan; Hansen, Tonya Moen; Hovland, Anders; Balteskard, Lise; Haug, Bjørn; Olsen, Frank; Trovik, Thor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-12)
      <p><i>Introduction</i> Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a potentially deadly disease and significant efforts have been concentrated on improving hospital performance. A 30-day survival rate has become a key quality of care indicator. In Northern Norway, some patients undergoing AMI are directly transferred to the Regional Cardiac Intervention Center at the University Hospital of North Norway ...