Viser treff 181-200 av 794

    • D-Dimer Measured At First Venous Thromboembolism Is Associated With Future Risk Of Cancer 

      Gran, Olga Vikhammer; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Paulsen, Benedikte; Skille, Hanne; Hansen, John-Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12)
      D-dimer >5000 ng/ml at incident VTE is associated with a higher risk of subsequent cancer within one and two years. High D-dimer levels are also associated with more aggressive tumor biology and poor prognosis in these patients. As D-dimer is routinely measured in the assessment of suspected VTE, it may be a useful surrogate marker for the presence of an underlying malignancy. Our findings may suggest ...
    • Data on the relation between renal biomarkers and measured glomerular filtration rate 

      Pottel, Hans; Dubourg, Laurence; Schaeffner, Elke; Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar; Melsom, Toralf; Lamb, Edmund J.; Rule, Andrew D.; Turner, Stephen T; Glassock, Richard J.; De Souza, Vandrea; Selistre, Luciano; Goffin, Karolien; Pauwels, Steven; Mariat, Christophe; Flamant, Martin; Bevc, Sebastjan; Delanaye, Pierre; Ebert, Natalie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10)
      The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled “The Diagnostic Value of Rescaled Renal Biomarkers Serum Creatinine and Serum Cystatin C and their Relation with Measured Glomerular Filtration Rate” (Pottel et al. (2017) [1]). Data are presented demonstrating the rationale for the normalization or rescaling of serum cystatin C, equivalent to the rescaling of serum ...
    • The DBP Phenotype Gc-1f/Gc-1f is associated with reduced risk of cancer. The Tromsø Study 

      Jorde, Rolf; Schirmer, Henrik; Wilsgaard, Tom; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Løchen, Maja-Lisa; Joakimsen, Ragnar Martin; Grimnes, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-18)
      Background and Objective In addition to its role as a transport protein, the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) may also affect lipid metabolism, inflammation and carcinogenesis. There are three common variants of the DBP, Gc1s (1s), Gc1f (1f), Gc2 (2) that result in six common phenotypes (1s/1s, 1s/ 1f, 1s/2, 1f/1f, 1f/2, and 2/2). These phenotypes can be identified by genotyping for the two single ...
    • DC/TMD Examiner Protocol: Longitudinal Evaluation on Interexaminer Reliability 

      Skeie, Marit Slåttelid; Frid, Paula; Mustavfa, Manal; Aßmus, Jörg; Rosén, Annika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-26)
      <i>Objectives</i>: The objectives of this study were to assess the interexaminer agreement between one “reference” (gold standard) and each of two examiners, using the DC/TMD examination method, Axis I and to evaluate whether a recalibration changed reliability values. <p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Participants (4 healthy and 12 TMD patients) in 2013 underwent a clinical examination according to ...
    • Dealing with suicidal patients : a challenging task : a qualitative study of young physicians´experiences 

      Høifødt, Tordis Sørensen; Talseth, Anne-Grethe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006)
      Abstract Background Suicide is a major public health problem and treating suicidal patients represents one of the most challenging and complex clinical situations for young physicians. Education of physicians is considered an important strategy in suicide prevention. Young physicians often meet suicidal patients early in their career. Limited information is available about how newly educated ...
    • Dealing with suicidal patients – a challenging task. A qualitative study of young physicians' experiences 

      Talseth, Anne-Grethe; Sørensen Høifødt, Tordis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-08-23)
      Background: Suicide is a major public health problem and treating suicidal patients represents one of the most challenging and complex clinical situations for young physicians. Education of physicians is considered an important strategy in suicide prevention. Young physicians often meet suicidal patients early in their career. Limited information is available about how newly educated physicians ...
    • Decentralization matters - Differently organized mental health services relationship to staff competence and treatment practice : the VELO study 

      Olstad, Reidun; Bjorbekkmo, Svein; Myklebust, Lars H.; Sørgaard, Knut; Molvik, Stian; Nymann, Asle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-05-18)
      Background: The VELO study is a comparative study of two Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Northern Norway. The CMHCs are organized differently: one has no local inpatient unit, the other has three. Both CMHCs use the Central Mental Hospital situated rather far away for compulsory and other admissions, but one uses mainly local beds while the other uses only central hospital beds. In ...
    • Decentralization matters : differently organized mental health services relationship to staff competence and treatment practice : the VELO study 

      Olstad, Reidun E.; Bjorbekkmo, Svein; Myklebust, Lars Henrik Ryther; Sørgaard, Knut; Molvik, Stian; Nymann, Asle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009)
    • The decreasing prevalence of nonrefractive visual impairment in older Europeans: a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data 

      Delcourt, Cécile; Le Goff, Mélanie; von Hanno, Therese; Mirshahi, Alireza; Khawaja, Anthony P.; Verhoeven, Virginie J.M.; Hogg, Ruth E.; Anastosopoulos, Eleftherios; Cachulo, Maria Luz; Höhn, René; Wolfram, Christian; Bron, Alain; Miotto, Stefania; Carrière, Isabelle; Colijn, Johanna M.; Buitendijk, Gabriëlle H.S.; Evans, Jennifer; Nitsch, Dorothea; Founti, Panayiota; Yip, Jennifer L.Y.; Pfeiffer, Norbert; Creuzot-Garcher, Catherine; Silva, Rufino; Piermarocchi, Stefano; Topouzis, Fotis; Bertelsen, Geir; Foster, Paul J.; Fletcher, Astrid; Klaver, Caroline C.W.; Korobelnik, Jean-François (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-13)
      <p><i>Topic</i>: To estimate the prevalence of nonrefractive visual impairment and blindness in European persons 55 years of age and older.</p> <p><i>Clinical Relevance</i>: Few visual impairment and blindness prevalence estimates are available for the European population. In addition, many of the data collected in European population-based studies currently are unpublished and have not been ...
    • Delayed leukocytosis after hard strength and endurance exercise. Aspects of regulatory mechanisms 

      Risøy, Bjørn Audun; Lappegård, Knut T.; Raastad, Truls; Hallén, Jostein; Bæverfjord, Kjersti; Kravdal, Astrid; Siebke, Else Marie; Benestad, Haakon B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2003-12-11)
      Background: During infections, polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMN) are mobilized from their bone marrow stores, travel with blood to the affected tissue, and kill invading microbes there. The signal(s) from the inflammatory site to the marrow are unknown, even though a number of humoral factors that can mobilize PMN, are well known. We have employed a standardized, non-infectious ...
    • Dental anxiety: A comparison of students of dentistry, biology and psychology 

      Storjord, Helene; Teodorsen, Mari; Bergdahl, Jan; Wynn, Rolf; Johnsen, Jan-Are Kolset (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-23)
      Dental anxiety is an important challenge for many patients and clinicians. It is thus of importance to know more about dental students’ own experiences with dental anxiety and their understanding of dental anxiety. The aim was to investigate differences in dental anxiety levels between dental students, psychology students, and biology students at a Norwegian university.
    • Deriving semantic structure from category fluency: Clustering techniques and their pitfalls 

      Voorspoels, Wouter; Storms, Gert; Longenecker, Julia; Verheyen, Steven; Weinberger, Daniel R.; Elvevåg, Brita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Assessing verbal output in category fluency tasks provides a sensitive indicator of cortical dysfunction. The most common metrics are the overall number of words produced and the number of errors. Two main observations have been made about the structure of the output, first that there is a temporal component to it with words being generated in spurts, and second that the clustering pattern may reflect ...
    • Design of the GutHeart—targeting gut microbiota to treat heart failure—trial: a Phase II, randomized clinical trial 

      Mayerhofer, Christiane Caroline; Awoyemi, Ayodeji Olawale; Moscavitch, Samuel D.; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Aukrust, Pål; Hovland, Anders; Lorenzo, Andrea; Halvorsen, Sigrun; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Gullestad, Lars; Trøseid, Marius; Broch, Kaspar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-07)
      <p><i>Aims</i>: Heart failure (HF) is a multifactorial disease. Current treatments target only a fraction of the putative pathophysiological pathways. In patients with HF, reduced cardiac output and congestion cause increased gut wall permeability. It has been suggested that leakage of microbial products is detrimental to the heart, at least partly through activation of systemic inflammatory pathways, ...
    • Det enkle er ikke alltid det beste 

      Songstad, Nils Thomas (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2012)
      På slutten av 1950-tallet ble et nytt medikament introdusert på verdensmarkedet. Thalidomid ble raskt erklært som en mirakelmedisin. Stoffet virket beroligende, smertestillende og søvndyssende, og det skulle knapt ha bivirkninger. Den gode effekten på morgenkvalme gjorde at thalidomid ble særlig populært blant gravide. Konsekvensen ble katastrofal.
    • Detecting order-disorder transitions in discourse : implications for schizophrenia 

      Cabana, Álvaro; Valle-Lisboa, Juan C.; Elvevåg, Brita; Mizraji, Eduardo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Abstract Several psychiatric and neurological conditions affect the semantic organization and content of a patient's speech. Specifically, the discourse of patients with schizophrenia is frequently characterized as lacking coherence. The evaluation of disturbances in discourse is often used in diagnosis and in assessing treatment efficacy, and is an important factor in prognosis. Measuring these ...
    • Detection of Perforators Using Smartphone Thermal Imaging 

      Weum, Sven; Lott, Alexander; de Weerd, Louis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11)
      Letter to the Editor
    • Developing Large-scale Electronic Patient Records Conforming to the openEHR Architecture 

      Ellingsen, Gunnar; Christensen, Bente; Silsand, Line (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Development and validation of the Efficacy Safety Score (ESS), a novel tool for postoperative patient management 

      Skraastad, Erlend Johan; Ræder, Johan; Dahl, Vegard; Bjertnæs, Lars J.; Kuklin, Vladimir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-28)
      Background: <br> Several reports have shown that postoperative monitoring of general safety and quality issues, including pain treatment, after discharge from recovery is often non-systematic and inadequate. We suggest a new score with assessment of key recovery parameters, as a supportive tool for postoperative care and a call-out algorithm for need of extra help. The aim of this investigation ...
    • Development of a feasible and responsive ultrasound inflammation score for rheumatoid arthritis through a data-driven approach 

      Aga, Anna-Birgitte; Hammer, Hilde Berner; Olsen, Inge Christoffer; Uhlig, Till; Kvien, Tore Kristian; Heijde, Desirée van der; Fremstad, Hallvard; Madland, Tor Magne; Lexberg, Åse; Haukeland, Hilde; Rødevand, Erik; Høili, Christian; Stray, Hilde; Noraas, Anne Lindtner; Hansen, Inger Johanne Widding; Bakland, Gunnstein; Lillegraven, Siri; Lie, Elisabeth; Haavardsholm, Espen A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-16)
      Objective: To develop and validate a responsive and feasible ultrasound inflammation score for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: We used data from cohorts of early RA (development) and established RA starting/switching biologic therapy (validation). 4 tendons and 36 joints were examined by a grey scale (GSUS) and power Doppler semiquantitative ultrasound (PDUS) scoring system (full score). ...
    • The development of a multilingual tool for facilitating the primary-specialty care interface in low resource settings: the MSF tele-expertise system 

      Bonnardot, Laurent; Liu, Joanne; Wootton, Elizabeth; Amoros, Isabel; Olson, David; Wong, Sidney; Wootton, Richard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      In 2009, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) started a pilot trial of store-and-forward telemedicine to support field workers. One network was operated in French and one in English; a third, Spanish network was brought into operation in 2012. The three telemedicine pilots were then combined to form a single multilingual tele-expertise system, tailored to support MSF field staff. We conducted a retrospective ...