Viser treff 411-430 av 694

    • Macrophage stimulating agent soluble yeast β-1,3/1,6-glucan as a topical treatment of diabetic foot and leg ulcers: A randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled phase II study 

      Zykova, Svetlana; Balandina, K; Vorokhobina, NV; Kuznetsova, A; Engstad, R; Zykova, TA (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Macular thickness in healthy eyes of adults (N=4508) and relation to sex, age and refraction: The Tromsø Eye Study (2007-08) 

      Hanno, Therese von; Lade, Anette Caroline; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Peto, Tunde; Njølstad, Inger; Bertelsen, Geir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-18)
      Purpose: To provide sex-stratified normative data on retinal thickness and study the relationship with sex, age and refractive status. Methods: Population-based study including 2617 women and 1891 men, aged 38– 87 (mean 61 8) years, without diabetes, glaucoma and retinal diseases, and spherical equivalent refraction (SER) within 6 dioptres. Retinal thickness was measured with optical coherence ...
    • Magnetic resonance volumetry: prediction of subjective memory complaints and mild cognitive impairment, and associations with genetic and cardiovascular risk factors 

      Rogne, Sigbjørn Olav; Vangberg, Torgil Riise; Eldevik, Odd Petter; Wikran, Gry Charlotte; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B.; Schirmer, Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-25)
      Background/Aims: Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are strong predictors of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and subsequent Alzheimer’s disease. Our aims were to see if fully automated cerebral MR volume measurements could distinguish subjects with SMC and MCI from controls, and if probable parental late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD), apolipoprotein E ε4 genotype, total plasma homocysteine, and ...
    • Major incident preparedness and on-site work among Norwegian rescue personnel - a cross-sectional study. 

      Fattah, Sabina; Krüger, Andreas J.; Andersen, Jan Einar; vigerust, trond; Rehn, Marius (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      A major incident has occurred when the number of live casualties, severity, type of incident or location requires extraordinary resources. Major incident management is interdisciplinary and involves triage, treatment and transport of patients. We aimed to investigate experiences within major incident preparedness and management among Norwegian rescue workers. A questionnaire was answered by 918 ...
    • The marriage of sartorius and tensor fasciae latae in treating vascular prosthetic graft infections 

      Zoepke, Simone N.; de Weerd, Louis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-20)
      Background: <br> Vascular prosthetic graft infection in the groin is associated with high morbidity and mortality. This article presents a case series on the use of 2 flaps in the treatment of this condition. <br>Methods:<br> Five patients, mean age 65 years (range, 49–74 years), with significant comorbidity were treated for an exposed and infected vascular prosthetic graft in the groin with a ...
    • Maternal functional hemodynamics in the second half of pregnancy: A longitudinal study 

      Vårtun, Åse; Flo, Kari; Wilsgaard, Tom; Acharya, Ganesh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-10)
      Objective: Cardiovascular response to passive leg raising (PLR) is useful in assessing preload reserve, but it has not been studied longitudinally during pregnancy. We aimed to investigate gestational age associated serial changes in maternal functional hemodynamics and establish longitudinal reference ranges for the second half of pregnancy. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective ...
    • Measuring extravascular lung water. Animals and humans are not the same 

      Kirov, Mikhail; Bjertnæs, Lars J.; Kuzkov, Vsevolod V.; Fernandez-Mondejar, Enrique (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-07-24)
      The evolution of extravascular lung water (EVLW) monitoring is an important step forward in the hemodynamic assessment of critically ill patients.
    • Medium-Term Results After Treatment of Recalcitrant Lateral Epicondylitis A Prospective, Randomized Study Comparing Open Release and Radiofrequency Microtenotomy 

      Meknas, Khaled; Al Hassoni, Thabit N; Miland, Åshild Odden; Castillejo, Miguel; Kartus, Jüri, SWEDEN (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Recalcitrant lateral epicondylitis (elbow extensor–origin tendinosis) is a common cause of elbow pain with many treatment options. In the present study, the medium-term results after open release and radiofrequency microtenotomy are reported. Hypothesis: Microtenotomy would provide long-term pain relief that was as good as the open release method. Study Design: Prospective, randomized ...
    • Mesenchymal stromal cells from human umbilical cords display poor chondrogenic potential in scaffold-free three dimensional cultures 

      Islam, Md Ashraful; Hansen, Ann Kristin; Mennan, Claire; Martinez, Inigo Zubiavrre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-27)
      Many researchers world over are currently investigating the suitability of stromal cells harvested from foetal tissues for allogeneic cell transplantation therapies or for tissue engineering purposes. In this study, we have investigated the chondrogenic potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) isolated from whole sections of human umbilical cord or mixed cord (UCSCs-MC), and compared them with ...
    • Metabolic alkalosis is the most common acid-base disorder in ICU patients 

      Mæhle, Kirsten Vikesland; Haug, Bjørn; Flaatten, Hans; Nielsen, Erik Waage (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-03-28)
    • The metabolic syndrome and progression of carotid atherosclerosis over 13 years. The Tromsø study. 

      Herder, Marit; Arntzen, Kjell Arne; Johnsen, Stein Harald; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we examine if metabolic syndrome predicts progression of atherosclerosis over 13 years. Participants were 1442 men and 1532 women in the population-based Tromsø Study who underwent carotid ultrasound examinations at baseline in the 4th (1994–5) and at follow-up in the 6th survey (2007–8). Of ...
    • Metaphor interpretation and use : a window into semantics in schizophrenia 

      Elvevåg, Brita; Helsen, Kim; De Hert, Marc; Sweers, Kim; Storms, Gert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The nature of putative semantic anomalies in schizophrenia is controversial. Metaphor interpretation and use provide a useful methodology with which to probe semantics since metaphors are critical in reasoning processes and in how conceptual knowledge is organized. The first study examined free speech for figurative language. The second study explored whether emotional versus non-emotional metaphorical ...
    • Methodologies for assessing telemedicine : a systematic review of reviews 

      Ekeland, Anne G.; Bowes, Alison; Flottorp, Signe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Previous reviews have expressed concerns about the quality of telemedicine studies. There is debate about shortcomings and appropriate methodologies. The aim of this review of systematic reviews of telemedicine is to summarize methodologies used in telemedicine research, discuss knowledge gaps and recommendations and suggest methodological approaches for further research.
    • mHealth and obstetrics 

      Oyeyemi, Sunday Oluwafemi; Wynn, Rolf (Lecture; Forelesning, 2014-10-07)
      In this lecture, dr. Oyeyemi presents his work evaluating the impact of the Abiye Project. A main outcome of the project was the increased use of primary level health facilities in the project area.
    • mHealth Assessment: Conceptualization of a Global Framework 

      Bradway, Meghan; Carrion, Carme; Vallespin, Barbara; Saadatfard, Omid; Puigdomènech, Elise; Espallargues, Mireia; Kotzeva, Anna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-02)
      <p><i>Background</i> The mass availability and use of mobile health (mHealth) technologies offers the potential for these technologies to support or substitute medical advice. However, it is worrisome that most assessment initiatives are still not able to successfully evaluate all aspects of mHealth solutions. As a result, multiple strategies to assess mHealth solutions are being proposed by medical ...
    • mHealth technologies for chronic disease prevention and management 

      Laranjo, Liliana; Lau, Annie Y.S.; Oldenburg, B.; Gabarron, Elia; O'Neill, A.; Chan, S.; Coiera, E. (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015-12)
      Aims and background: The aim of this rapid review is to examine the evidence relating to the benefits, uptake and operationalisation of mHealth technologies for chronic disease management and prevention. In a context of rapidly emerging technologies, it is important to understand what evidence is available to inform policy interventions designed to integrate technology for health service delivery, ...
    • MicroRNA Signatures in Tumor Tissue Related to Angiogenesis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer 

      Dønnem, Tom; Fenton, Christopher Graham; Lønvik, Kenneth; Berg, Thomas; Eklo, Katrine; Andersen, Sigve; Stenvold, Helge; Al-Shibli, Khalid Ibrahim; Al-Saad, Samer; Bremnes, Roy M.; Busund, Lill-Tove (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Angiogenesis is regarded as a hallmark in cancer development, and anti-angiogenic treatment is presently used in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding, endogenous, single stranded RNAs that regulate gene expression. In this study we aimed to identify significantly altered miRs related to angiogenesis in NSCLC. From a large cohort of 335 NSCLC patients, ...
    • Milde phenotype in an adult male With X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy 

      Horn, Morten Andreas; Müller, Karin Brigitte; Ferdinandusse, Sacha; Jørum, Ellen; Mellgren, Svein Ivar; Tallaksen, Chantal (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12-21)
      Key Clinical Message:<br>X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy may present with a deceptively mild phenotype, even in adult males. Tight collaboration between clinicians, geneticists, biochemists, and other specialists is increasingly required for clarification of diagnosis in cases with atypical presentation.
    • Mobile videoconferencing for enhanced emergency medical communication - a shot in the dark or a walk in the park? ‐‐ A simulation study 

      Melbye, Sigurd; Hotvedt, Martin; Bolle, Stein Roald (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Videoconferencing on mobile phones may enhance communication, but knowledge on its quality in various situations is needed before it can be used in medical emergencies. Mobile phones automatically activate loudspeaker functionality during videoconferencing, making calls particularly vulnerable to background noise. The aim of this study was to investigate if videoconferencing can be ...
    • Molecular characterization and phylogenetics of Fennoscandian cowpox virus isolates based on the p4c and atip genes 

      Okeke, Malachy Ifeanyi; Okoli, Arinze Stanley; Nilssen, Øivind; Moens, Ugo; Tryland, Morten; Bøhn, Thomas; Traavik, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Cowpox virus (CPXV), a rodent-borne Orthopoxvirus (OPV) that is indigenous to Eurasia can infect humans, cattle, felidae and other animals. Molecular characterization of CPXVs isolated from different geographic locations is important for the understanding of their biology, geographic distribution, classification and evolution. Our aim was to characterize CPXVs isolated from Fennoscandia ...