Now showing items 1-10 of 90
Harmonizing circumpolar monitoring of Arctic fox: benefits, opportunities, challenges and recommendations
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-16)
The biodiversity working group of the Arctic Council has developed pan-Arctic biodiversity monitoring plans to improve our ability to detect, understand and report on long-term change in Arctic biodiversity. The Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) was identified as a target of future monitoring because of its circumpolar distribution, ecological importance and reliance on Arctic ecosystems. We provide ...
Salvage logging of mountain birch after geometrid outbreaks: Ecological context determines management outcomes
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-01)
Outbreaks of pest insects occasionally cause mortality of entire forest stands. Salvage logging of affected stands is the most common management response to such events. Logging may aid stand recovery by increasing the production and establishment of saplings, or stimulating the production of basal sprouts in sprouting tree species. However, the outcome of logging may depend on the ecological ...
Tresatt impediment og livsløpstrær av osp på hogstflater. Effektive tiltak for artsmangfoldet i norsk skog?
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2005-07)
Skogbruket legger ned betydelige ressurser i form av arbeid og kapital for å ta hensyn til biologisk mangfold. Det er av stor betydning for skogbrukets økonomi og konkurranseevne at disse ressursene benyttes slik at man får best mulig bevaring av biologisk mangfold per krone. Rapporten omhandler to ulike delprosjekter som har vært gjennomført i forbindelse med Forskningsrådets prosjekt ...
Seasonal difference in temporal transferability of an ecological model: near-term predictions of lemming outbreak abundances
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-15)
Ecological models have been criticized for a lack of validation of their temporal transferability. Here we answer this call by investigating the temporal transferability of a dynamic state-space model developed to estimate season-dependent biotic and climatic predictors of spatial variability in outbreak abundance of the Norwegian lemming. Modelled summer and winter dynamics parametrized by spatial ...
Assessing dental wear in reindeer using geometric morphometrical methods.
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2006)
Community-wide mesocarnivore response to partial ungulate migration
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Hidden in the darkness of the Polar night: A first glimpse into winter migration of the Svalbard rock ptarmigan
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-05)
Among many unknown aspects of the Svalbard rock ptarmigan’s biology is whether the birds migrate seasonally within the Svalbard archipelago. Visual observations in spring and fall have indicated that they could perform long-range migration, a behaviour that would allow them to track seasonal shifts in suitable feeding areas. However, the movement patterns and habitat use of the Svalbard rock ...
Climate Events Synchronize the Dynamics of a Resident Vertebrate Community in the High Arctic
(Peer reviewed; Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013-01-18)
Recently accumulated evidence has documented a climate impact on the demography and dynamics of single species, yet the impact at the community level is poorly understood. Here, we show that in Svalbard in the high Arctic, extreme weather events synchronize population fluctuations across an entire community of resident vertebrate herbivores and cause lagged correlations with the secondary consumer, ...
Effects of changing permafrost and snow conditions on tundra wildlife: critical places and times
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-21)
The change of water phase around 0 °C has considerable impacts on wildlife ecology because liquid and solid water strongly differ in their insulating capability, mechanical resistance, and light reflectance. Freeze and melt events thus have strong ecological relevance, particularly in the Arctic where snow and ice are omnipresent and their conditions are changing due to climate warming. We first ...
An Arctic predator–prey system in flux: climate change impacts on coastal space use by polar bears and ringed seals
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-17)
<p>1. Climate change is impacting different species at different rates, leading to alterations in biological interactions with ramifications for wider ecosystem functioning. Understanding these alterations can help improve predictive capacity and inform management efforts designed to mitigate against negative impacts.</p> <p>2. We investigated how the movement and space use patterns of polar bears ...