Now showing items 1-8 of 8
Bioluminescence in the high Arctic during the polar night
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
This study examines the composition and activity of the planktonic community during the polar night in the high Arctic Kongsfjord, Svalbard. Our results are the first published evidence of bioluminescence among zooplankton during the Arctic polar night. The observations were collected by a bathyphotometer detecting bioluminescence, integrated into an autonomous underwater vehicle, to determine the ...
Arctic complexity: A case study on diel vertical migration of zooplankton
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
In the dark: a review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-28)
Several recent lines of evidence indicate that the polar night is key to understanding Arctic marine ecosystems. First, the polar night is not a period void of biological activity even though primary production is close to zero, but is rather characterized by a number of processes and interactions yet to be fully understood, including unanticipated high levels of feeding and reproduction in a ...
Is ambient light during the high Arctic polar night sufficient to act as a visual cue for zooplankton?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-03)
The light regime is an ecologically important factor in pelagic habitats, influencing a range of biological processes. However, the availability and importance of light to these processes in high Arctic zooplankton communities during periods of 'complete' darkness (polar night) are poorly studied. Here we characterized the ambient light regime throughout the diel cycle during the high Arctic ...
Bioluminescence as an ecological factor during high Arctic polar night
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
Bioluminescence commonly influences pelagic trophic interactions at mesopelagic depths. Here we characterize a vertical gradient in structure of a generally low species diversity bioluminescent community at shallower epipelagic depths during the polar night period in a high Arctic fjord with in situ bathyphotometric sampling. Bioluminescence potential of the community increased with depth to a peak ...
Use of an Autonomous Surface Vehicle reveals small-scale diel vertical migrations of zooplankton and susceptibility to light pollution under low solar irradiance
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-10)
Light is a major cue for nearly all life on Earth. However, most of our knowledge concerning the importance of light is based on organisms’ response to light during daytime, including the dusk and dawn phase. When it is dark, light is most often considered as pollution, with increasing appreciation of its negative ecological effects. Using an Autonomous Surface Vehicle fitted with a hyperspectral ...
The advective origin of an under-ice spring bloom in the Arctic Ocean using multiple observational platforms
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-13)
Under-ice blooms of phytoplankton in the Chukchi Sea have been observed, with strong implications for our understanding of the production regimes in the Arctic Ocean. Using a combination of satellite remote sensing of phytoplankton biomass, in situ observations under sea ice from an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), and in vivo photophysiology, we examined the composition, magnitude and origin ...
Seabirds during Arctic Polar Night: underwater observations from Svalbard archipelago, Norway
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09)
Visually-oriented predators, such as seabirds, are highly light dependent, and thus their presence and activity under continuously dark conditions of Arctic polar night pose a number of questions about the strategies and mechanisms they use to find prey. Here, opportunistic observations of the behaviors of Thick-billed Murres (Uria lomvia; n = 4) and juvenile Black Guillemots (Cepphus grylle; n ...