Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Good-bye to tropical alpine plant giants under warmer climates? Loss of range and genetic diversity in Lobelia rhynchopetalum
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-25)
The main aim of this paper is to address consequences of climate warming on loss of habitat and genetic diversity in the enigmatic tropical alpine giant rosette plants using the Ethiopian endemic Lobelia rhynchopetalum as a model. We modeled the habitat suitability of L. rhynchopetalum and assessed how its range is affected under two climate models and four emission scenarios. We used three ...
Emergent rainy winter warm spells may promote boreal predator expansion into the arctic
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-06)
Climate change has been characterized as the most serious threat to Arctic biodiversity. In addition to gradual changes such as climate warming, extreme weather events, such as melting temperatures in winter and rain on snow, can have profound consequences for ecosystems. Rain-on-snow events lead to the formation of ice layers in the snow pack, which can restrict access to forage plants and cause ...
Geographical area and life history traits influence diet in an Arctic marine predator
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-19)
Global changes are thought to affect most Arctic species, yet some populations are more at risk. Today, the Barents Sea ecoregion is suffering the strongest sea ice retreat ever measured; and these changes are suspected to modify food access and thus diet of several species. Biochemical diet tracers enable investigation of diet in species such as polar bears (Ursus maritimus). We examined ...
Vicariance, dispersal, and hybridization in a naturally fragmented system: the afro-alpine endemics Carex monostachya and C. runssoroensis (Cyperaceae)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-08)
The naturally fragmented habitat on the tallest African mountains provides a good model system to study vicariance, dispersal, and hybridization. Many mountains are separated by lowland that likely was unsuitable for high-alpine plants even during cold climatic periods. <br> We explore the relative importance of these processes using two endemic sister species: the widespread Ethiopian/eastern East ...
Changing Arctic snow cover: A review of recent developments and assessment of future needs for observations, modelling, and impacts
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2016-03-17)
Snow is a critically important and rapidly changing feature of the Arctic. However, snow-cover and snowpack conditions change through time pose challenges for measuring and prediction of snow. Plausible scenarios of how Arctic snow cover will respond to changing Arctic climate are important for impact assessments and adaptation strategies. Although much progress has been made in understanding ...