Now showing items 1-4 of 4
Climate Events Synchronize the Dynamics of a Resident Vertebrate Community in the High Arctic
(Peer reviewed; Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013-01-18)
Recently accumulated evidence has documented a climate impact on the demography and dynamics of single species, yet the impact at the community level is poorly understood. Here, we show that in Svalbard in the high Arctic, extreme weather events synchronize population fluctuations across an entire community of resident vertebrate herbivores and cause lagged correlations with the secondary consumer, ...
Hidden in the darkness of the Polar night: A first glimpse into winter migration of the Svalbard rock ptarmigan
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-05)
Among many unknown aspects of the Svalbard rock ptarmigan’s biology is whether the birds migrate seasonally within the Svalbard archipelago. Visual observations in spring and fall have indicated that they could perform long-range migration, a behaviour that would allow them to track seasonal shifts in suitable feeding areas. However, the movement patterns and habitat use of the Svalbard rock ...
Changed Arctic-alpine food web interactions under rapid climate warming: implication for ptarmigan research
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-05)
Ptarmigan are herbivorous birds that are year-round residents of alpine and arctic ecosystems — presently subjected to the most rapid climate warming on earth. Yet, compared to other bird taxa there has been little climate impact research on ptarmigan. Ptarmigan population dynamics, in particular in the sub/low-arctic, appears to be strongly influenced by complex interactions with a suite of ...
High goose abundance reduces nest predation risk in a simple rodent-free high-Arctic ecosystem
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-13)
Breeding geese are the preferred prey of the Arctic fox Vulpes lagopus in the high-Arctic Svalbard archipelago. According to the <i>apparent competition hypothesis (ACH)</i>, less-abundant prey species (e.g. ptarmigan, waders and small passerines) will experience higher predation rates when breeding in association with the more common prey (geese), due to spill-over predation by the shared predator. ...