Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Toward understanding the effect of top predators on ecosystems
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2009)
To what extent top predators - carnivores at the top of food chains - drive or just respond to ecosystem dynamics is a central, but partially unresolved, question in ecology. In this report, we highlight how different research approaches employed in aquatic and terrestrial ecology may have a bearing on how the role of top predators in ecosystems is perceived.
Community-wide mesocarnivore response to partial ungulate migration
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Assessing dental wear in reindeer using geometric morphometrical methods.
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2006)
Analysing diet of small herbivores : the efficiency of DNA barcoding coupled with high-throughput pyrosequencing for deciphering the composition of complex plant mixtures
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-08-20)
Background: In order to understand the role of herbivores in trophic webs, it is essential to know what they feed on. Diet analysis is, however, a challenge in many small herbivores with a secretive life style. In this paper, we compare novel (high-throughput pyrosequencing) DNA barcoding technology for plant mixture with traditional microhistological method. We analysed stomach contents of two ...
Ecosystem drivers of an Arctic fox population at the western fringe of the Eurasian Arctic
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-16)
The distribution of traditional breeding dens on the Varanger Peninsula (70–71°N) in northernmost Fennoscandia indicates that this area once harboured a large Arctic fox population. Early 20th century naturalists regarded the coastal tundra of the Fennoscandian Low Arctic to be a stronghold for the species. At the start of our research in 2004, however, the local Arctic fox population was ...
Sources of variation in small rodent trophic niche: New insights from DNA metabarcoding and stable isotope analysis
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-05-15)
Transferability of biotic interactions: temporal consistency of arctic plant-rodent relationships is poor
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-17)
Variability in biotic interaction strength is an integral part of food web functioning. However, the consequences of the spatial and temporal variability of biotic interactions are poorly known, in particular for predicting species abundance and distribution. The amplitude of rodent population cycles (i.e., peak-phase abundances) has been hypothesized to be determined by vegetation properties ...
Effects of changing permafrost and snow conditions on tundra wildlife: critical places and times
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-21)
The change of water phase around 0 °C has considerable impacts on wildlife ecology because liquid and solid water strongly differ in their insulating capability, mechanical resistance, and light reflectance. Freeze and melt events thus have strong ecological relevance, particularly in the Arctic where snow and ice are omnipresent and their conditions are changing due to climate warming. We first ...
Not only mosses: lemming winter diets as described by DNA metabarcoding
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-01)
The temporal dynamics of most tundra food webs are shaped by the cyclic population dynamics of lemmings. While processes during winter may be behind the recent disruptions of lemming cycles, lemming winter ecology is poorly known. We present here the first DNA metabarcoding data on the winter diet of Norwegian lemmings (Lemmus lemmus), based on feces collected after a winter of population ...
Seasonal difference in temporal transferability of an ecological model: near-term predictions of lemming outbreak abundances
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-15)
Ecological models have been criticized for a lack of validation of their temporal transferability. Here we answer this call by investigating the temporal transferability of a dynamic state-space model developed to estimate season-dependent biotic and climatic predictors of spatial variability in outbreak abundance of the Norwegian lemming. Modelled summer and winter dynamics parametrized by spatial ...