Now showing items 1-7 of 7
Evolution of the Arctic Calanus complex: an Arctic marine avocado?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
Before man hunted the large baleen whales to near extinction by the end of the nineteenth century, Arctic ecosystems were strongly influenced by these large predators. Their main prey were zooplankton, among which the calanoid copepod species of the genus Calanus, long considered key elements of polar marine ecosystems, are particularly abundant. These herbivorous zooplankters display a range of ...
Arctic complexity: A case study on diel vertical migration of zooplankton
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Macroalgal detritus and food-web subsidies along an Arctic fjord depth-gradient
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-05)
Tight coupling between pelagic and benthic communities is accepted as a general principle on Arctic shelves. Whereas this paradigm has been useful for guiding ecological research, it has perhaps led to a disproportionate focus on POM and ice algae as the most likely sources of carbon for the benthic food web. Arctic shelves are complex systems, including banks, fjords, and trough systems up to 350 ...
In the dark: a review of ecosystem processes during the Arctic polar night
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-28)
Several recent lines of evidence indicate that the polar night is key to understanding Arctic marine ecosystems. First, the polar night is not a period void of biological activity even though primary production is close to zero, but is rather characterized by a number of processes and interactions yet to be fully understood, including unanticipated high levels of feeding and reproduction in a ...
Is ambient light during the high Arctic polar night sufficient to act as a visual cue for zooplankton?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-03)
The light regime is an ecologically important factor in pelagic habitats, influencing a range of biological processes. However, the availability and importance of light to these processes in high Arctic zooplankton communities during periods of 'complete' darkness (polar night) are poorly studied. Here we characterized the ambient light regime throughout the diel cycle during the high Arctic ...
Recruitment of benthic invertebrates in high Arctic fjords: Relation to temperature, depth, and season
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-30)
In the high Arctic, recruitment of hard-bottom benthic organisms has been studied at single locations, but little is known about how it varies spatially or temporally, or how it is influenced by abiotic factors. In this study, settlement plates were simultaneously deployed at five locations in three Svalbard (Norway) fjords at depths ranging from 7 m to 215 m. Recruitment was significantly different ...
From polar night to midnight sun: Diel vertical migration, metabolism and biogeochemical role of zooplankton in a high Arctic fjord (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-24)
Zooplankton vertical migration enhances the efficiency of the ocean biological pump by translocating carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) below the mixed layer through respiration and excretion at depth. We measured C and N active transport due to diel vertical migration (DVM) in a Svalbard fjord at 79°N. Multifrequency analysis of backscatter data from an Acoustic Zooplankton Fish Profiler moored from January ...