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A way forward with eco evo devo: an extended theory of resource polymorphism with postglacial fishes as model systems
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-19)
A major goal of evolutionary science is to understand how biological diversity is generated and altered. Despite considerable advances, we still have limited insight into how phenotypic variation arises and is sorted by natural selection. Here we argue that an integrated view, which merges ecology, evolution and developmental biology (eco evo devo) on an equal footing, is needed to understand the ...
Fish culling reduces tapeworm burden in Arctic charr by increasing parasite mortality rather than by reducing density-dependent transmission
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-25)
<ol> <li>Two common <i>Dibothriocephalus</i> (formerly <i>Diphyllobothrium</i>) tapeworm species were significantly reduced by experimental culling of their fish host Arctic charr (<i>Salvelinus alpinus</i>) in a subarctic lake.</li><p> <p><li>Between 1984 and 1991, funnel traps were used to cull ~35 metric tons of Arctic charr, reducing charr density by ~80%. As charr densities decreased, ...
Contrasting patterns in trophic niche evolution of polymorphic Arctic charr populations in two subarctic Norwegian lakes
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-15)
Parallelism in trophic niches of polymorphic populations of Arctic charr was investigated in two similar subarctic lakes, Tårnvatn and Skøvatn, in northern Norway. Analysis of eleven microsatellite loci confirmed, respectively, the existence of three and two genetically differentiated morphs. Three methods were used to describe their trophic niches: habitat choice and stomach contents for the recent ...
From clear lakes to murky waters – tracing the functional response of high-latitude lake communities to concurrent ‘greening’ and ‘browning’
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-21)
Climate change and the intensification of land use practices are causing widespread eutrophication of subarctic lakes. The implications of this rapid change for lake ecosystem function remain poorly understood. To assess how freshwater communities respond to such profound changes in their habitat and resource availability, we conducted a space‐for‐time analysis of food‐web structure in 30 lakes ...