Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Lake size and fish diversity determine resource use and trophic position of a top predator in high-latitude lakes
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-23)
Prey preference of top predators and energy flow across habitat boundaries are of fundamental importance for structure and function of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, as they may have strong effects on production, species diversity, and food-web stability. In lakes, littoral and pelagic food-web compartments are typically coupled and controlled by generalist fish top predators. However, the ...
Morphological divergence between three Arctic charr morphs - the significance of the deep-water environment.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-14)
Morphological divergence was evident among three sympatric morphs of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.)) that are ecologically diverged along the shallow-, deep-water resource axis in a subarctic postglacial lake (Norway). The two deep-water (profundal) spawning morphs, a benthivore (PB-morph) and a piscivore (PP-morph), have evolved under identical abiotic conditions with constant low light ...
Consistent isotopic differences between Schistocephalus spp. parasites and their stickleback hosts
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-23)
Parasite−host systems show markedly variable patterns in isotopic fractionation: parasites can be either depleted or enriched in 15N and 13C as compared to their hosts. However, it remains unknown whether isotopic fractionation patterns are similar in comparable parasite−host systems from markedly different ecosystems. Results of this study show that large-sized Schistocephalus spp. endoparasites ...
Parasite communities of two three-spined stickleback populations in subarctic Norway—effects of a small spatial-scale host introduction
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-30)
We compared metazoan parasite communities of an introduced three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) population with the nearby source population in northern Norway to study differences and clarify if factors controlling parasite dispersal act on a small spatialscale. The two component communities were highly similar. All parasite taxa found in the source population also occurred in the ...
Ontogenetic dynamics of infection with Diphyllobothrium spp. cestodes in sympatric Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.) and brown trout Salmo trutta L.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12-23)
The trophic niches of Arctic charr and brown trout differ when the species occur in sympatry . Their trophically transmitted parasit es are expected to reflect these differences. Here , we investigate how the infections of Diphyllobothrium dendriticum and Diphyllobothrium ditremum differ between charr and trout. These tapeworms use copepods ...