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Converting sub-Arctic birch forests to spruce plantations : responses of predators and prey
(Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-04-20)
In northern Norway large areas of sub-Arctic coastal birch forests have gradually been replaced by non-native spruce plantations during the last century. Spruce planting changes the forest floor vegetation and soil conditions, increase the amount of artificial edges and alter the forest landscape mosaics. Such tree species conversions are likely to reduce or increase suitable wildlife habitat, alter ...