Now showing items 11-20 of 35
Fjellrev i Finnmark : årsrapport for 2008
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2008)
Fjellrev i Finnmark: Årsrapport 2009
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2009)
Fjellrev i Finnmark : forskning og tiltak 2004
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2004)
Analysing diet of small herbivores : the efficiency of DNA barcoding coupled with high-throughput pyrosequencing for deciphering the composition of complex plant mixtures
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-08-20)
Background: In order to understand the role of herbivores in trophic webs, it is essential to know what they feed on. Diet analysis is, however, a challenge in many small herbivores with a secretive life style. In this paper, we compare novel (high-throughput pyrosequencing) DNA barcoding technology for plant mixture with traditional microhistological method. We analysed stomach contents of two ...
The role of a dominant predator in shaping biodiversity over space and time in a marine ecosystem
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-24)
Exploitation of living marine resources has resulted in major changes to populations of targeted species and functional groups of large-bodied species in the ocean. However, the effects of overfishing and collapse of large top predators on the broad-scale biodiversity of oceanic ecosystems remain largely unexplored. Populations of the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) were overfished and several collapsed ...
Ecosystem drivers of an Arctic fox population at the western fringe of the Eurasian Arctic
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-16)
The distribution of traditional breeding dens on the Varanger Peninsula (70–71°N) in northernmost Fennoscandia indicates that this area once harboured a large Arctic fox population. Early 20th century naturalists regarded the coastal tundra of the Fennoscandian Low Arctic to be a stronghold for the species. At the start of our research in 2004, however, the local Arctic fox population was ...
Ungulate population monitoring in an open tundra landscape: distance sampling versus total counts
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-27)
Researchers and wildlife managers strive for low bias and high precision (i.e. high accuracy) when estimating animal population sizes. Distance sampling is currently one of the most widely used monitoring methods. However, it relies on strict sampling designs and modeling assumptions that can be difficult to meet in the field. Here, we use data from two sub-populations of non-migratory wild Svalbard ...
Gatekeepers to the effects of climate warming? Niche construction restricts plant community changes along a temperature gradient
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-20)
Organisms that modify the environment (niche constructors) are likely candidates to mediate the effects of climate warming. Here we assess tundra plant community changes along a temperature gradient and how these are modified in the presence of the common allelopathic dwarf shrub Empetrum nigrum and the large herbivore Rangifer tarandus. 2 We developed a structural equation model based on data ...
Analyzing the proximity to cover in a landscape of fear: A new approach applied to fine-scale habitat use by rabbits facing feral cat predation on Kerguelen archipelago
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-07)
Although proximity to cover has been routinely considered as an explanatory variable in studies investigating prey behavioral adjustments to predation pressure, the way it shapes risk perception still remains equivocal. This paradox arises from both the ambivalent nature of cover as potentially both obstructive and protective, making its impact on risk perception complex and context-dependent, and ...
Sources of variation in small rodent trophic niche: New insights from DNA metabarcoding and stable isotope analysis
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-05-15)