Now showing items 21-30 of 35
Fjellrev i Finnmark : forskning og tiltak 2006
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006)
Circumpolar dynamics of a marine top-predator track ocean warming rates.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-07)
Global warming is a nonlinear process, and temperature may increase in a stepwise manner. Periods of abrupt warming can trigger persistent changes in the state of ecosystems, also called regime shifts. The responses of organisms to abrupt warming and associated regime shifts can be unlike responses to periods of slow or moderate change. Understanding of nonlinearity in the biological responses to ...
Transferability of biotic interactions: temporal consistency of arctic plant-rodent relationships is poor
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-17)
Variability in biotic interaction strength is an integral part of food web functioning. However, the consequences of the spatial and temporal variability of biotic interactions are poorly known, in particular for predicting species abundance and distribution. The amplitude of rodent population cycles (i.e., peak-phase abundances) has been hypothesized to be determined by vegetation properties ...
Stakeholder Perspectives on Triage in Wildlife Monitoring in a Rapidly Changing Arctic
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-15)
Monitoring activities provide a core contribution to wildlife conservation in the Arctic. Effective monitoring which allows changes in population status to be detected early provides opportunities to mitigate pressures driving declines. Monitoring triage involves decisions about how and where to prioritize activities in species and ecosystem based monitoring. In particular, monitoring triage examines ...
Long-term environmental monitoring for assessment of change: measurement inconsistencies over time and potential solutions
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-30)
The importance of long-term environmental monitoring and research for detecting and understanding changes in ecosystems and human impacts on natural systems is widely acknowledged. Over the last decades, a number of critical components for successful long-term monitoring have been identified. One basic component is quality assurance/quality control protocols to ensure consistency and comparability ...
Effects of changing permafrost and snow conditions on tundra wildlife: critical places and times
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-21)
The change of water phase around 0 °C has considerable impacts on wildlife ecology because liquid and solid water strongly differ in their insulating capability, mechanical resistance, and light reflectance. Freeze and melt events thus have strong ecological relevance, particularly in the Arctic where snow and ice are omnipresent and their conditions are changing due to climate warming. We first ...
Not only mosses: lemming winter diets as described by DNA metabarcoding
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-01)
The temporal dynamics of most tundra food webs are shaped by the cyclic population dynamics of lemmings. While processes during winter may be behind the recent disruptions of lemming cycles, lemming winter ecology is poorly known. We present here the first DNA metabarcoding data on the winter diet of Norwegian lemmings (Lemmus lemmus), based on feces collected after a winter of population ...
Demersal fish assemblages in the boreo-Arctic shelf waters around Svalbard during the warm period 2007–2014
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-17)
The temporal and spatial resilience of abundance patterns of assemblages of organisms inhabiting transition zones between Arctic and boreal regions is an issue of concern in relation to climate change. The recognition that baseline information spanning such transition zones is required to facilitate future monitoring and assessments of temporal dynamics provided the motivation for the present study. ...
Seasonal difference in temporal transferability of an ecological model: near-term predictions of lemming outbreak abundances
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-15)
Ecological models have been criticized for a lack of validation of their temporal transferability. Here we answer this call by investigating the temporal transferability of a dynamic state-space model developed to estimate season-dependent biotic and climatic predictors of spatial variability in outbreak abundance of the Norwegian lemming. Modelled summer and winter dynamics parametrized by spatial ...
Biodiversity may wax or wane depending on metrics or taxa
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-20)
<i>Introduction</i>: Biodiversity changes have proven surprisingly complex to estimate and understand. While there are negative trends at a global scale such as the substantial losses of vertebrate species (1), changes at local scales may show large variation, with no clear overall trend (2, 3). Because assessing and improving the status of biodiversity are at the core of international agreements ...