Now showing items 21-26 of 26
Biodiversity may wax or wane depending on metrics or taxa
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-20)
<i>Introduction</i>: Biodiversity changes have proven surprisingly complex to estimate and understand. While there are negative trends at a global scale such as the substantial losses of vertebrate species (1), changes at local scales may show large variation, with no clear overall trend (2, 3). Because assessing and improving the status of biodiversity are at the core of international agreements ...
Phenology and cover of plant growth forms predict herbivore habitat selection in a high latitude ecosystem
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
The spatial and temporal distribution of forage quality is among the most central factors affecting herbivore habitat selection. Yet, for high latitude areas, forage quantity has been found to be more important than quality. Studies on large ungulate foraging patterns are faced with methodological challenges in both assessing animal movements at the scale of forage distribution, and in assessing ...
Fjellrev i Finnmark : Årsrapport 2013
(Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
Prosjekt Fjellrev i Finnmark har pågått siden 2004. Prosjektet har fra starten av hatt to målsetninger: Å gjøre grunnleggende forskning på økosystembetingelser som begrenser fjellrevenbestandens nåværende utbredelse og bestandsvekst i Øst-Finnmark spesielt, og i sub- og lav-Arktis generelt, med fokus på to hypoteser; a) mer uregelmessige og dempede smågnagersykler og b) øket konkurranse med ...
Quantifying individual heterogeneity and its influence on life-history trajectories: different methods for different questions and contexts
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-25)
Heterogeneity among individuals influences the life‐history trajectories we observe at the population level because viability selection, selective immigration and emigration processes, and ontogeny change the proportion of individuals with specific trait values with increasing age. Here, we review the two main approaches that have been proposed to account for these processes in life‐history trajectories, ...
A screening for canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus and carnivore protoparvoviruses in Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus) and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Norway
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-26)
Canine distemper virus (CDV), canine adenovirus (CAdV) and canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) cause disease in dogs (Canis familiaris). These, or closely related viruses, may also infect wild carnivores. The aim of this study was to investigate exposure to CDV, CAdV and CPV-2 among fox populations in Norway. Arctic foxes (n = 178) from High-Arctic Svalbard were investigated for antibodies against CDV. ...
A probabilistic algorithm to process geolocation data
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-18)
<p><i>Background: </i>The use of light level loggers (geolocators) to understand movements and distributions in terrestrial and marine vertebrates, particularly during the non-breeding period, has increased dramatically in recent years. However, inferring positions from light data is not straightforward, often relies on assumptions that are difficult to test, or includes an element of subjectivity ...