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dc.contributor.advisorHald, Morten
dc.contributor.authorSkirbekk, Kari
dc.date.accessioned2015-01-07T09:55:22Z
dc.date.available2015-01-07T09:55:22Z
dc.date.issued2014-10-23
dc.description.abstractTwo sediment cores and several sediment surface samples have been retrieved in order to develop and apply benthic foraminifera as proxies in the Polar North Atlantic. The purpose of the surface samples was to develop the Mg/Ca method for cold water environments, as this has been proven a valuable paleo-thermometer for several marine environments. This was done for three species of Benthic foraminifera: I. helenae/norcrossi, B. frigida and N. labradorica. A mayor finding in this process was that the different species has deviating calcifying season. This implied that seasonal signals could possibly be reconstructed in paleo-records. By using these and faunal assemblages of benthic foraminifera, the two sediment cores from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard and western Barents Sea were studied in order to reconstruct past oceanographic dynamics. These indicated how the inflow of Atlantic Water has varied during the Holocene, and correlated fluctuations out on the shelf with fluctuations closer to the coast. Also, the newly developed Mg/Ca temperature calibrations allowed for reconstructions of different water masses; hence the interplay between the warm, salty Atlantic Water and the cool fresher Arctic Water could be studied. One interesting observation was that increased inflow of Atlantic Water after AD 1750 appeared to result in increased melting along the coast of Spitsbergen, as the Arctic Water became cooler and fresher. Toward modern time all temperature records indicate enhanced warming.en
dc.description.doctoraltypeph.d.en
dc.description.popularabstractMikrofossiler fra havbunnen på Svalbard og i Barentshavet har blitt undersøkt for å forstå hvordan dynamikken i disse havområdene har variert bakover i tid. Geokjemiske undersøkelser av bentiske foraminiferer som lever i dag har blitt undersøkt for en sammenheng mellom kjemisk innhold (mengden magnesium inkorporert i kalkskallene deres) og temperatur i vannmassene de lever i. Denne sammenhengen har så blitt brukt til å rekonstruere temperaturer bakover i tid. Studien viste at de ulike artene lever i spesifikke tider av året og i spesifikke vannmasser. Dette gav muligheten til og rekonstruerer temperaturer for ulike sesonger. Dermed kunne man se hvordan temperaturen i ulike vannmasser utviklet seg på samme tid, og få et innblikk i hvordan havstrøm-dynamikken har vært de siste 1700 årene. Dette har ikke vært gjort tidligere i et slikt omfang. Resultatene indikerer blant annet at økt innstrømning av Atlantisk vann de siste 300 årene muligens har ført tiløkt issmelting langs vestkysten av Svalbard. Resultatene viser også en rask oppvarming av vannmassene de siste 100-50 årene.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNFR UiTen
dc.descriptionThe papers of this thesis is not available in Munin:<br> I: Skirbekk, Kari; Klitgaard-Kristensen, Dorthe; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Koc, Nalan; Forwick, Matthias: 'Holocene climate variations at the entrance to a warm Arctic fjord: evidence from Kongsfjorden Trough, Svalbard'. Geological Society Special Publication 2010; Volume 344: 289-304. Available at <a href=http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP344.20>http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP344.20</a><br> II: Skirbekk, Kari; Hald, Morten; Marchitto, Thomas; Junttila, Juho; Klitgaard Kristensen, Dorthe: ‘Mg/Ca thermometry in an Arctic setting: temperature calibrations for three species of benthic foraminifera and implications on seasonality’. (Manuscript)<br> III: Skirbekk, Kari; Hald, Morten; Husum, Katrine; Junttila, Juho: ‘Oceanographic development the last 1700 years along the Atlantic Water – Arctic Water boundary in the Polar North Atlantic, inferred from bottom water temperature and salinity’. (Manuscript)<br> IV: Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Thomsen, Erik; Skirbekk, Kari; Slubowska-Woldengen, Marta; Klitgaard Kristensen, Dorthe; Koc, Nalan: ‘Spatial and temporal distribution of Holocene temperature maxima in the northern Nordic seas: interplay of Atlantic-, Arctic- and polar water masses’. Quaternary Science Reviews 2013; Volume 92: 280-291. Available at <a href=http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.034>http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.034</a>en
dc.identifier.isbn978-82-8236-156-9 (trykt) og 978-82-8236-157-6 (pdf)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/6996
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-uit_munin_6590
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universiteten
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.subject.courseIDDOKTOR-004en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Marine geology: 466en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Geofag: 450::Marin geologi: 466en
dc.titleA multi-proxy approach for reconstructing oceanographic dynamics during the Holocene Development and Application of benthic foraminifera as proxies in the Polar North Atlanticen
dc.typeDoctoral thesisen
dc.typeDoktorgradsavhandlingen


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