Now showing items 1-20 of 1970

    • A 15-year follow-up study of hip bone mineral density and associations with leisure time physical activity. The Tromsø Study 2001-2016 

      Mikkilä, Saija; Johansson, Jonas; Nordström, Anna Hava; Nordström, Peter; Emaus, Nina; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Morseth, Bente; Welde, Boye (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-26)
      Aims<p> The aim was to investigate the long-term association between leisure time physical activity and hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD), in addition to change in hip aBMD over time, in 32–86 years old women and men.<p> <p>Methods <p>Data were retrieved from the 2001, 2007–2008, and 2015–2016 surveys of the Tromsø Study, a longitudinal population study in Norway. Leisure time physical ...
    • A 15-year follow-up study of hip bone mineral density and associations with leisure time physical activity. The Tromsø Study 2001-2016 

      Mikkilä, Saija; Johansson, Jonas; Nordström, Anna Hava; Nordström, Peter; Emaus, Nina; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Morseth, Bente; Welde, Boye (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-26)
      Aims<p> <p>The aim was to investigate the long-term association between leisure time physical activity and hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD), in addition to change in hip aBMD over time, in 32–86 years old women and men.<p> <p>Methods <p>Data were retrieved from the 2001, 2007–2008, and 2015–2016 surveys of the Tromsø Study, a longitudinal population study in Norway. Leisure time physical activity ...
    • The 1st Agriculture-Vision Challenge: Methods and Results 

      Chiu, Mang Tik; Xingqiang, Xu; Wang, Kai; Hobbs, Jennifer; Hovakimyan, Naira; Huang, Thomas S.; Shi, Honghui; Wei, Yunchao; Huang, Zilong; Schwing, Alexander; Brunner, Robert; Dozier, Ivan; Dozier, Wyatt; Ghandilyan, Karen; Wilson, David; Park, Hyunseong; Kim, Junhee; Kim, Sungho; Liu, Qinghui; Kampffmeyer, Michael; Jenssen, Robert; Salberg, Arnt Børre; Barbosa, Alexandre; Trevisan, Rodrigo; Zhao, Bingchen; Yu, Shaozuo; Yang, Siwei; Wang, Yin; Sheng, Hao; Chen, Xiao; Su, Jingyi; Rajagopal, Ram; Ng, Andrew; Huynh, Van Thong; Kim, Soo-Hyung; Na, In-Seop; Baid, Ujjwal; Innani, Shubham; Dutande, Prasad; Baheti, Bhakti; Talbar, Sanjay; Tang, Jianyu (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2020-07-28)
      The first Agriculture-Vision Challenge aims to encourage research in developing novel and effective algorithms for agricultural pattern recognition from aerial images, especially for the semantic segmentation task associated with our challenge dataset. Around 57 participating teams from various countries compete to achieve state-of-the-art in aerial agriculture semantic segmentation. The Agriculture-Vision ...
    • 20 years of research on Arctic and Indigenous cultures in Nordic tourism: a review and future research agenda 

      Ren, Carina; Jóhannesson, Gunnar Thór; Kramvig, Britt; Pashkevich, Albina; Höckert, Emily (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-15)
      Through a critical reading of previous research, this article explores local and indigenous cultures in the context of Nordic Arctic tourism and how its consequences have been researched in Nordic tourism research. We show that experiences with, practices of and controversies over the representation and presence (or absence) of local and indigenous culture in tourism take on very many different ...
    • A 24,000-year ancient DNA and pollen record from the Polar Urals reveals temporal dynamics of arctic and boreal plant communities 

      Clarke, Charlotte; Alsos, Inger Greve; Edwards, Mary E.; Paus, Aage; Gielly, Ludovic; Haflidason, Haflidi; Mangerud, Jan; Regnéll, Carl; Hughes, Paul D.M.; Svendsen, John-Inge; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-18)
      A 24,000-year record of plant community dynamics, based on pollen and ancient DNA from the sediments (sedaDNA) of Lake Bolshoye Shchuchye in the Polar Ural Mountains, provides detailed information on the flora of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and also changes in plant community composition and dominance. It greatly improves on incomplete records from short and fragmented stratigraphic sequences ...
    • A 24,000-year ancient DNA and pollen record from the Polar Urals reveals temporal dynamics of arctic and boreal plant communities 

      Clarke, Charlotte L.; Alsos, Inger Greve; Edwards, Mary E.; Paus, Aage; Gielly, Ludovic; Haflidason, Haflidi; Mangerud, Jan; Regnéll, Carl; Hughes, Paul D.M.; Svendsen, John-Inge; Bjune, Anne Elisabeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-18)
      A 24,000-year record of plant community dynamics, based on pollen and ancient DNA from the sediments (<i>seda</i>DNA) of Lake Bolshoye Shchuchye in the Polar Ural Mountains, provides detailed information on the flora of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and also changes in plant community composition and dominance. It greatly improves on incomplete records from short and fragmented stratigraphic sequences ...
    • 30-day mortality in patients treated for brain metastases: extracranial causes dominate 

      Nieder, Carsten; Stanisavljevic, Luka; Aanes, Siv Gyda; Mannsåker, Bård; Haukland, Ellinor Christin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-05-12)
      Background: Established prognostic models, such as the diagnosis-specific graded prognostic assessment, were not designed to specifically address very short survival. Therefore, a brain metastases-specific 30-day mortality model may be relevant. We hypothesized that in-depth evaluation of a carefully defined cohort with short survival, arbitrarily defined as a maximum of 3 months, may provide ...
    • 50 år med kognitiv psykologi 

      Låg, Torstein (Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 2006-09)
      Kognitiv psykologi er vanligvis kjent som den delen av psykologien hvor man er opptatt av prosesser som hukommelse, oppmerksomhet, persepsjon, problemløsning og språk – de "tørre" temaene i psykologien. Denne utbredte oppfatningen av feltet er imidlertid ikke helt dekkende. Den kognitive psykologien er ikke nødvendigvis definert ut fra hvilke temaer dens utøvere typisk studerer, men snarere ut ...
    • The 7th Annual Munin Conference on Scientific Publishing : New Trends 

      Skåden, Emma Margret (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2012)
      Universitetsbiblioteket i Tromsø arrangerer hvert år en Muninkonferanse som omhandler vitenskapelig publisering, ofte med en Open Access vri. Årets tema var “new trends in scholarly publishing”. Årets hovedinnledere var John Willinsky og Damian Pattinson. John Willinsky er professor ved Stanford University School of Education, og har lenge vært sentral i utviklingen av åpent tilgjengelig vitenskapelig ...
    • The 9+ screening test score does not predict injuries in elite floorball players 

      Tervo, Taru; Ermling, Jenny; Nordström, Anna Hava; Toss, Fredrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-05)
      We aimed to examine whether the 9+ screening test score could predict injuries in elite floorball players. Eighty‐four elite floorball players participated in the study. At baseline, two physiotherapists assessed the participants using the 9+ screening test. The test score reflects strength, stability, mobility, and functional movement pattern with an emphasis on the lower body and core. Injuries ...
    • A.E. Nordenskiöld in Swedish memory: the origin and uses of Arctic heroism 

      Wråkberg, Urban (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-01)
      For Nordic nations scientific activities in the Polar Regions proved significant in defining national identities and shaping scientific profiles. Starting in the nineteenth century and continuing throughout the next century, polar research proved instrumental in inculcating national honour and expressing small-state colonial aspirations. It provided a source of heroes for forging collective memory ...
    • Abnormal phasic activity in saliency network, motor areas, and basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease during rhythm perception 

      Vikene, Kjetil; Skeie, Geir Olve; Specht, Karsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-29)
      Behavioral studies indicate that persons with Parkinson's disease have complexity dependent problems with the discrimination of auditory rhythms. Furthermore, neuroimaging studies show that rhythm processing activates many brain areas that overlap with areas affected by Parkinson's disease (PD). This study sought to investigate the neural correlates of rhythm processing in PD and healthy controls, ...
    • Abrupt shifts of productivity and sea ice regimes at the western Barents Sea slope from the Last Glacial Maximum to the Bølling-Allerød interstadial 

      Köseoğlu, Denizcan; Belt, Simon T.; Knies, Jochen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
      Advanced knowledge of spatio-temporal constraints on the Barents Sea Ice Sheet during the late Weichselian glaciation overshadows relatively limited understanding of seasonal sea ice (experiencing an annual advance-retreat cycle) and primary productivity trends accompanying massive, abrupt climate changes during glacial-deglacial cycles. Such paleo-reconstructions are crucial prerequisites for ...
    • Academic integrity and the University Library’s role in the doctoral education. 

      Østvand, Lene; Andreassen, Helene N. (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2017-04-10)
      Researchers meet an increasing amount of incentives that may lead to scientific misconduct (Edwards & Roy, 2017). A “publish or perish” culture is currently ruling, and quantity is emphasized over quality. Growth in the number of PhD students may lead to growth in competition for grants, future positions and the supervisors’ time. <p>Simultaneously, the PhD students are expected to follow the norms ...
    • Accuracy of Molecular Simulation-Based Predictions of koff Values: A Metadynamics Study 

      Capelli, Riccardo; Lyu, Wenping; Bolnykh, Viacheslav; Meloni, Simone; Olsen, Jógvan Magnus Haugaard; Rothlisberger, Ursula; Parrinello, Michele; Carloni, Paolo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-16)
      The koff values of ligands unbinding to proteins are key parameters for drug discovery. Their predictions based on molecular simulation may under- or overestimate experiment in a system- and/or technique-dependent way. Here we use an established method infrequent metadynamics, based on the AMBER force field to compute the koff of the ligand iperoxo (in clinical use) targeting the muscarinic receptor ...
    • Acoustic scattering layers reveal a faunal connection across the Fram Strait 

      Gjøsæter, Harald; Ingvaldsen, Randi Brunvær; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-15)
      Acoustic scattering layers (SL) at various depths are common phenomena in most oceans, but the organisms that make up these layers vary and so does their density, and hence the backscattered energy. During two crossings of the deep Fram Strait between the shelves at Svalbard and Northeast Greenland at latitudes 77°N and 79°N, we registered epipelagic and mesopelagic SL across the entire Fram Strait ...
    • Acquisition du schwa en français (suisse): pourquoi une combinaison de méthodes, est-elle nécessaire pour assurer des données fiables? 

      Andreassen, Helene N. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11)
      Malgré de très nombreux travaux sur le schwa, nous connaissons toujours peu son comportement lors de l’acquisition du langage. Cela pourrait être dû en partie à la manière de collecter des données fiables. Dans ce travail, nous poursuivons la discussion entamée dans Andreassen (2013), première étude détaillée sur le sujet. A la lumière de données de corpus suisses romandes, adultes et enfantines, ...
    • Acritarchs from the Duolbagáisá Formation (Cambrian Series 2-Miaolingian) on the Digermulen Peninsula, Finnmark, Arctic Norway: towards a high-resolution Cambrian chronostratigraphy 

      Palacios, Teodoro; Högström, Anette; Ebbestad, Jan Ove R.; Agić, Heda; Høyberget, Magne; Jensen, Sören; Meinhold, Guido; Taylor, Wendy L. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-24)
      New information on acritarchs from the Duolbagáisá Formation, Digermulen Peninsula, Arctic Norway, enable recognition of the three Cambrian Series 2 acritarch-based zones: the <i>Skiagia ornata–Fimbriaglomerella membranacea, Heliosphaeridium dissimilare–Skiagia ciliosa and Volkovia dentifera–Liepaina plana</i> Assemblage zones. Acritarchs of the <i>Skiagia ornata–Fimbriaglomerella membranacea</i> ...
    • Across time and space: Examiner and candidate experiences of online doctoral vivas 

      Wisker, Gina; Highman, Ludovic; Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Waghorne, Joseph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2022-01-11)
      Many countries have doctoral viva examinations, mostly conducted in-person until the COVID-19 pandemic. This article explores the changing processes and experiences of doctoral vivas forced online, from the perspectives of three examiners (two Uk, one NZ) and one recent candidate (UK). It sheds light on remote viva examinations exploring experiences of examination rigour, opportunities to evidence ...