The Norwegian soldier discourse(s). A warrior, strategic soldier, humanitarian solider or a state-builder?
ForfatterKaspersen, Iselin Silja
Norwegian soldiers from conventional units have been deployed frequently to the war in Afghanistan (2001-2014). This conflict has been characterized by a merging of different types of warfare, such as peacekeeping- and humanitarian efforts, full-scale military- and psychological operations. As a result of this merging, which is regarded as typical for conflicts of the post-Cold War era, the role-identity of ‘soldiers’ has been particularly open to several competing discursive terrains. This research seeks to unveil the discursive terrains Norwegian soldiers are subjected to and subjects within. First, through an analysis of key strategic and operational documents, disclosing various meanings of the term ‘soldier’ I argue that the term emerges in four main meanings: the Warrior, Strategic-, Humanitarian-, and State-building soldier. Using these findings as a framework to guide the preceding interview analysis, I seek to reveal how soldiers position themselves, and unveil various discursive structures. Identifying and unveiling such structures can allow a critical look at what social practices and consequences such structures might have, such as making soldiers more prone to certain actions, while rendering other actions less likely.
ForlagUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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