Lagrangian and ALE Formulations For Soil Structure Coupling with Explosive Detonation
Simulation of Soil-Structure Interaction becomes more and more the focus of computational engineering in civil and mechanical engineering, where FEM (Finite element Methods) for soil and structural mechanics and Finite Volume for CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) are dominant. New advanced formulations have been developed for FSI (Fluid Structure Interaction) applications using ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian), mesh free and SPH (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic) methods. In defence industry, engineers have been developing protection systems for many years to reduce the vulnerability of light armoured vehicles (LAV) against mine blast using classical Lagrangian FEM methods. To improve simulations and assist in the development of these protections, experimental tests and new numerical techniques are performed. Initial conditions such as the loading prescribed by a mine on a structure should be simulated adequately in order to conduct these numerical calculations. The effects of blast on structures often depend on how the initial conditions are estimated and applied. This article uses two methods to simulate a mine blast, namely the classical Lagrangian as well as the ALE formulations. The comparison was carried out for a simple and also a more complex target. Particle methods as SPH method can also be used for soil structure interaction.