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A sharp boundedness result for restricted maximal operators of VilenkinFourier series on martingale Hardy spaces
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 20180920)The restricted maximal operators of partial sums with respect to bounded Vilenkin systems are investigated. We derive the maximal subspace of positive numbers, for which this operator is bounded from the Hardy space H p to the Lebesgue space L p for all 0<p≤1 . We also prove that the result is sharp in a particular sense. 
Engineering students' instrumental approaches to mathematics; some positive characteristics
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)The present paper presents three deliberately chosen mathematical episodes observed in a class of engineering students taking a basic calculus course. By drawing on analyses of instrumental and relational learning strategies, the episodes are shown to illustrate instrumental approaches indicated by the students. The paper discusses positive characteristics about these approaches while further data ... 
Framework for Modeling and Simulation of Household Appliances
(Peer reviewed; Chapter, 20181231)This paper describes a framework for simulating household appliances in Simulink. Typical Norwegian household equipment have been analyzed based on their characteristic behavior, to establish the requirement for synthesizing and recreating their current waveform, harmonic currents and phase shift. Both detailed simulation of the current waveform and RMS currents for simulation over longer time periods ... 
Fuel cell technology application for Dubai rail systems
(Peer reviewed; Chapter, 20180611)Heat engines, such as internal combustion engines, have significant adverse effects on the environment due to their heat and harmful emissions. In addition, they are dependent on energy from fossil resources, which are depleting rapidly and they are not being properly utilized due to the relatively low efficiency of heat engines usually expressed by Carnot's efficiency. The low temperature direct ... 
Utilizing fuel cell technology for Dubai Roads and Transport Authority (RTA)
(Peer reviewed; Chapter, 20180611)The need for developing environmentally friendly and sustainable energy sources is globally evident. This is due to two main reasons: Fossil fuels will continue to supply energy demands for only a few more decades and the amount of pollution generated due to fossil fuels is exceeding acceptable limits. One very promising clean energy converter is the fuel cell (FC). Fuel cells have the ability to ... 
Modeling and Attitude Control of Satellites in Elliptical Orbits
(Peer reviewed; Chapter, 20181105)The attitude determination and control system (ADCS) for spacecraft is responsible for determining its orientation using sensor measurements and then applying actuation forces to change the orientation. This chapter details the different components required for a complete attitude determination and control system for satellites moving in elliptical orbits. Specifically, the chapter details the orbital ... 
A value chain analysis for bioenergy production from biomass and biodegradable waste: a case study in Northern Norway
(Peer reviewed; Chapter, 20180912)During the past decades, the concerns of the depletion of fossil fuels and global warming caused by excess GHG emissions have become the most important driving force for the development and utilization of renewable energy resources. The successful experiences from the EU28 have proved that bioenergy production from biomass and biodegradable waste is the most reliable and promising solution in ... 
Feasibility of Computational Fluid Dynamics for Analyzing Airflow around Porous Fences
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 20190119)This article presents using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to analyze the flow around porous fences. The feasibility of applying 2D and 3D models was assessed with respect to corresponding wind tunnel experiments. Comparisons between the flow structures on leeward of the fence as predicted by CFD models and the wind tunnel measurements were discussed. Velocity values for the two ... 
Resolvent bounds for jump generators
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 20161202)The paper deals with jump generators with a convolution kernel. Assuming that the kernel decays either exponentially or polynomially, we prove a number of lower and upper bounds for the resolvent of such operators. In particular we focus on sharp estimates of the resolvent kernel for small values of the spectral parameter. We consider two applications of these results. First we obtain pointwise ... 
Homogenization of nonisothermal immiscible incompressible twophase flow in porous media
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 20180315)In this paper, we consider nonisothermal twophase flows through heterogeneous porous media with periodic microstructure. Examples of such models appear in gas migration through engineered and geological barriers for a deep repository for radioactive waste, thermally enhanced oil recovery and geothermal systems. The mathematical model is given by a coupled system of twophase flow equations, and an ... 
Asymptotic Behaviour of Ground States for Mixtures of Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Interactions in a Dilute Regime
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 20180430)We consider randomly distributed mixtures of bonds of ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic type in a twodimensional square lattice with probability 1−p 1−p and p, respectively, according to an i.i.d. random variable. We study minimizers of the corresponding nearestneighbour spin energy on large domains in Z 2 Z2 . We prove that there exists p 0 p0 such that for p≤ p 0 p≤p0 such ... 
Steady States, FluctuationDissipation Theorems and Homogenization for Reversible Diffusions in a Random Environment
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 20180402)Prolongating our previous paper on the Einstein relation, we study the motion of a particle diffusing in a random reversible environment when subject to a small external forcing. In order to describe the long time behavior of the particle, we introduce the notions of steady state and weak steady state. We establish the continuity of weak steady states for an ergodic and uniformly elliptic environment. ... 
Pointwise estimates for heat kernels of convolutiontype operators
(Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 20180416)We study the large‐time behaviour of the fundamental solution of parabolic equations with an elliptic part being non‐local convolution‐type operator. We assume that this operator is a generator of a Markov jump process, and that its convolution kernel decays at least exponentially at infinity. The fundamental solution shows rather different asymptotic behaviour depending on whether  x  ≲ t , or t ... 
Overview of modern teaching equipment that supports distant learning
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)Laboratory is a key element of engineering and applied sciences educational systems. With the development of Internet and connecting IT technologies, the appearance of remote laboratories was inevitable. Virtual laboratories are also available; they place the experiment in a simulated environment. However, this writing focuses on remote experiments not virtual ones. From the students’ point ... 
Dynamic plastic response of beams subjected to localised pulse loads
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 20181031)Localised blast loads give rise to high gradients of overpressure detrimental to structural elements as beams and plates. This article presents an analytical study on the dynamic plastic response of beams made of a ductile metallic material due to closein pulse pressure loading. The closein pressure load is characterised by a spatially varying function constant over a central region and exponentially ... 
Hardytype inequalities in fractional hdiscrete calculus
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20180404)The first power weighted version of Hardy’s inequality can be rewritten as [<i>mathematical formula</i>] where the constant <i>C</i> =[<i>p</i> / <i>p</i>  <i><b>a</b></i>  1]<sup><i>p</i></sup> is sharp. This inequality holds in the reversed direction when<math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mn>0</mn> <mo>≤<! ≤ ></mo> <mi><i>p</i></mi> <mo><</mo> <mn>1</mn> ... 
Locationbased analysis and optimization of service network performance: A case study
(Peer reviewed; Book; Chapter, 20180507)The location problem of service network has been extensively focused by researchers in operational research due to the difficulty in balancing the level of service and efficiency. On the one hand, installing a large number of service facilities within the service network improves availability and responsiveness to customer demands, but it also increases the investment and operating cost. While on ... 
Review of Icing Effects on Wind Turbine in Cold Regions
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 20181205)This paper describes a brief overview of main issues related to atmospheric ice accretion on wind turbines installed in cold climate region. Icing has significant effects on wind turbine performance particularly from aerodynamic and structural integrity perspective, as ice accumulates mainly on the leading edge of the blades that change its aerodynamic profile shape and effects its structural dynamics ... 
Optimization models and methods for sustainable reverse logistics network design
(Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 20181129)With the increased focus on sustainable development and circular economy, as never before, the value recovery and recreation from the EndofUse and EndofLife products has been paid considerable attention by the whole society. Reverse logistics is believed as one of the most effective and promising means for the value recovery of the EndofUse and EndofLife products, which is the process for ... 
A Comparative Study of Different Control Structures for Flight Control with New Results
(Peer reviewed; Book; Chapter, 20181024)This paper presents several different control structures that facilitate flight control and does a comparison between them. Specifically, this paper considers commandfiltered backstepping, nonlinear dynamic inversion (NDI), and a new decoupled approach that decouples the rotational and translational dynamics by estimating the higher order derivatives of the angle of attack and sideslip angle. The ...