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dc.contributor.authorJohnsen, Kathrine Ivsett
dc.contributor.authorMathiesen, Svein Disch
dc.contributor.authorEira, Inger Marie Gaup
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-07T12:24:02Z
dc.date.available2018-12-07T12:24:02Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.description.abstractUsing a participatory research approach, we assess the knowledge systems and political ontology of reindeer husbandry. The study was conducted by a mixed team of scientists and Sámi reindeer herders who practiced reindeer husbandry in West Finnmark, northern Norway, both prior to and during the state-led “rationalization” of Sámi reindeer husbandry since the late 1970s. The analysis is based on the participants’ reindeer herding knowledge and their assessment of the governance of Sámi pastoralism. Two future narratives (scenarios) were used to stimulate reflection and discussion. Based on these discussions and by studying secondary sources, we examined how herders and government officials explained what reindeer husbandry is and ought to be and their conceptions about “proper” management of reindeer, herders, and the land on which reindeer pastoralism depends. We find that the state governance of reindeer husbandry since the end of the 1970s promoted, through a combination of economic incentives and sanctions, herding practices primarily based on Western knowledge and way of understanding the world. This knowledge system and the management techniques it promotes was, and still is, in conflict with and undermines reindeer herding knowledge and worldviews. However, despite 40 years of policies attempting to transform reindeer husbandry according to the state’s perception of proper pastoralism, a Sámi worldview continues to influence the herders’ understanding of the relationship between humans, reindeer, and nature and how this relationship should be governed. Nonetheless, the conflicting, asymmetrical knowledge systems and competing worldviews of what reindeer husbandry is and ought to be compromise the identity and rights of the pastoralists.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipRCNen_US
dc.descriptionSource at <a href= https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09786-220433>https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09786-220433. </a>en_US
dc.identifier.citationJohnsen, K.I.J., Mathiesen, S.D. & Eira, I.M.G. (2017). Sámi reindeer governance in Norway as competing knowledge systems: a participatory study. <i>Ecology & Society</i>, 22(4):33. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09786-220433en_US
dc.identifier.issn1708-3087
dc.identifier.otherFRIDAID 1523185
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09786-220433
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/14300
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherResilience Allianceen_US
dc.relation.journalEcology & society
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/RCN/BIONÆR — BIONÆRINGSPROGRAM/215961/Norway/The Economics and Land-Use Conflicts of Sámi Reindeer Herding in Finnmark: Exploring the Alternatives//en_US
dc.relation.projectIDinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/RCN/P-SAMISK — PROGRAM FOR SAMISK FORSKNING/270819/Norway/Opportunities and Challenges for Integrating Sámi Reindeer Herding Traditional Environmental Knowledge in Environmental Governance//en_US
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccessen_US
dc.subjectknowledgeen_US
dc.subjectparticipatory researchen_US
dc.subjectpolitical ontologyen_US
dc.subjectreindeer husbandryen_US
dc.subjectSámien_US
dc.subjectscenariosen_US
dc.subjectVDP::Social science: 200en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Samfunnsvitenskap: 200en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Agriculture and fishery disciplines: 900::Agriculture disciplines: 910en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Landbruks- og Fiskerifag: 900::Landbruksfag: 910en_US
dc.titleSámi reindeer governance in Norway as competing knowledge systems: a participatory studyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typeTidsskriftartikkelen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US


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