Dynamic plastic response of beams subjected to localised pulse loads
AuthorThil, Nicolas; Mehreganian, Navid; Moatamedi, Mojtaba; Louca, Luke A.; Soleiman Fallah, Arash
Localised blast loads give rise to high gradients of overpressure detrimental to structural elements as beams and plates. This article presents an analytical study on the dynamic plastic response of beams made of a ductile metallic material due to close-in pulse pressure loading. The close-in pressure load is characterised by a spatially varying function constant over a central region and exponentially decaying beyond it. The temporal pulse shape is assumed to take different forms. The exact static plastic collapse load was obtained for the characteristic load using the framework of plastic limit analysis, whereby the analysis was then extended to the dynamic case by considering the appropriate yield surface and inclusion of inertia forces. The yield surfaces considered were representative of pure bending, the interactions between the bending moment and transverse shear, and bending moment and membrane force, each corresponding to a special case depending on the geometry of the beam. A time-dependent, kinematically admissible velocity profile was assumed to treat the dynamic formulations in interaction of each phenomenon. A study on the strain-rate sensitivity was also presented, and existence of a critical pressure triggering the apparition of travelling plastic hinges was hence highlighted. For blast loads of high magnitude, the expressions for normalised deflection were furnished in terms of the impulsive velocity. The analytical models were validated by performing a parametric study on the two-dimensional representative of the beam model in commercial finite element software ABAQUS 6.14. The numerical results show a good correlation with the analytical results in each case.
Published version, 6 months embargo. Source at: https://doi.org/10.1177/2041419618807721