On derivatives of smooth functions represented in multiwavelet bases
AuthorAnderson, Joel; Harrison, Robert J.; Sekino, Hideo; Sundahl, Bryan; Beylkin, Gregory; Fann, George I.; Jensen, Stig Rune; Sagert, Irina
We construct high-order derivative operators for smooth functions represented via discontinuous multiwavelet bases. The need for such operators arises in order to avoid artifacts when computing functionals involving high-order derivatives of solutions of integral equations. Previously high-order derivatives had to be formed by repeated application of a first-derivative operator that, while uniquely defined, has a spectral norm that grows quadratically with polynomial order and, hence, greatly amplifies numerical noise (truncation error) in the multiwavelet computation. The new constructions proceed via least-squares projection onto smooth bases and provide substantially improved numerical properties as well as permitting direct construction of high-order derivatives. We employ either b-splines or bandlimited exponentials as the intermediate smooth basis, with the former maintaining the concept of approximation order while the latter preserves the pure imaginary spectrum of the first-derivative operator and provides more direct control over the bandlimit and accuracy of computation. We demonstrate the properties of these new operators via several numerical tests as well as application to a problem in nuclear physics.