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  • Social Media Challenges and Opportunities for Human Rights: A Case of Blasphemy Laws in Pakistan 

    Noor, Sanam (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-10)
    The social media has revolutionized communication and politics at different levels around the globe. Many social media platforms have epitomized the exercise of the freedom of expression and opinions without relying on traditional mass media intermediaries. At the same time, it has posed serious challenges for users and raised many questions about free speech and governance of the internet. The ...
  • Rethinking humanitarian space 

    Ahmad, Sana (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-11-01)
    This study looks at the humanitarian space in Myanmar which includes not just the humanitarian operations in the country, the access to volatile zones by the humanitarian organisations, the humanitarian principles, but also a space which permits a complementary arrangement of diverse actors holding different positions and skill sets and deliver to those in need. The study is based on the practical ...
  • After “Freedom”. The Right to Effective Remedy Through the Voices of Workers Subjected to Slave Labor in Brazil 

    De Oliveira, Regiane Cristina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-29)
    In the past two decades, the word slavery jumped out of the history books to the pages of the newspapers, putting in check the belief that the capitalist modern society abolished slavery. In the legal terms, slavery was indeed abolished. However, the enforcement of the regulations that was supposed to guarantee the end of this gross violation of human rights has failed. In 1995, Brazil became one ...
  • Asylum seekers in a fortified Europe: The case of Albania and the effects of structural violence on asylum seekers 

    Rexha, Senada (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)
    The plight of migrants and refugees has been generating a lot of debates and it has continuously attracted attention of scholars and policy makers. A wide range of studies have contributed to our understanding to the root causes of migration however, various approaches and perspectives offer different insights worth to be considered. In terms of human rights; asylum seekers coming from war-torn ...
  • A Human Rights Paradox? The Isolated Indigenous Peoples in the Amazon and the Non State Space 

    Matamoros Pineda, Jennifer (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)
    The isolated condition in which many indigenous peoples live in the Amazon magnifies their vulnerability to human rights violations and abuses, and challenge the states, as duty bearers, to guarantee and protect fundamental human rights for peoples who do not want to be part of state zones. This dissertation pursues to analyse how the implementation of the existing human rights legal framework and ...
  • Refugees between EU policies and Human Rights Law. The case of Syrian refugees on Hungarian borders 

    Nasser, Suha (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)
    The number of refugees heading Europe looking for a safe place is increasing. The violations against those refugees are escalating as well. Thousands of refugees from different nationalities are fleeing their countries because of conflicts and violence. They are entering Europe through the border countries, on their way to apply for asylum in one of EU countries. The majority of those refugees are ...
  • Voices of Māori Sex Workers 

    Escaravage, Elise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)
    Aotearoa (New Zealand) is the only country in the world to have decriminalized sex work. The Prostitution Reform Act (PRA henceforth) was enacted in 2003 with the aim to safeguard the human rights of sex workers, and create a framework that is conducive to public health. Skeptics of this policy argue that the law reform was targeting indoor workers while the livelihood of street-based sex workers ...
  • Solitary Confinement as a Human Rights Concern: A Case study of Burma’s Political Prisoners. 

    Weerwag, Nola (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-11)
    Solitary confinement has repeatedly been found to be detrimental to mental health, causing a range of symptoms, including anxiousness, depression, memory loss and paranoia in a significant amount of prisoners. This sparked a wider, ongoing debate on whether solitary confinement can amount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The research that informed this debate however ...
  • HUMAN RIGHTS IN TRANSNATIONAL INVESTMENT POLICY AND PRACTICE. A case study of Norway’s Sovereign Wealth Fund and the Marlin mine 

    Then, Kelly (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-01)
    Conflict between extractive industries and indigenous peoples has become commonplace. What is novel in the case of the Marlin mine is activists appealing to a corporate shareholder in a third country -- Norway’s Sovereign Wealth Fund. I attribute, not exhaustively, the phenomenon to factors in global political economy: the amoral character of the corporation, the impact of extractive industries on ...
  • MILITARY CHILD DETENTION IN THE WEST BANK: An Israeli politics-driven policy aimed at destroying the will of a generation 

    Cimmino, Laura Carlotta (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-03)
    My research introduces the issue of the Israeli military detention policies towards Palestinian children in the West Bank (WB) and illustrates how these violate international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL), despite their legally binding nature and despite Israel’s obligation to protect Palestinian civilians as protected persons under occupation. My research shows ...
  • Assessing the effects of aid donor conditions on human rights in Palestine. What are the opportunities for achieving a more rights-based aid system? 

    Gibson, Harriet (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-01)
    In The Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) the extreme dependency on aid which pours in in vast quantities renders a critical discussion of the aid model in this region, with respect to upholding human rights, essential. Firstly, this study seeks to look at the impact of international donor aid, specifically the donor conditions imposed with aid, on the human rights of aid recipients in the OPT. ...
  • CSR as a Tool to Prevent Gender-Based Discrimination. A Case Study of the Textile Export Industry in India 

    Svedevall, Ida (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    This thesis examines the ability of CSR as a tool in the efforts to reduce gender based discrimination in the textile industry in the Delhi area in India. This research focuses on the CSR work programs undertaken by foreign entities using the case study of the company Lindex. Given that discrimination occurs daily facilitated by embedded cultural structures this research questions how, and if, CSR ...
  • Extractive Industries and Human Rights Abuse – The Role of a Home State in Protecting Human Rights Abroad 

    Kukava, Ketevani (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-21)
    When international soft law framework and host states fail to ensure effective protection of human rights from business-related harm, the involvement of a home state can be considered as the best solution. The research aims to explore the role of a developed home state in protecting human rights from violations by extractive industries abroad. The major focus of the study is the example of the UK – ...
  • Women’s Rights in Kosovo: Cultural and Religious Barriers 

    Hoxha, Ideal (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    Women’s Rights have often been a subject of the debate between universal rights versus cultural relativism. In Kosovo women’s rights have gone through drastic changes. After the NATO intervention in 1999, UN established international bodies to temporary govern the territory of Kosovo. UNMIK’s mission contributed massively in establishing frameworks to support, protect and empower women. In this ...
  • Human Rights: an alternative approach for addressing climate-induced loss and damage 

    Fleming, Alison (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-21)
    Loss and damage occurs when adaptation fails, resulting in extreme and often dire consequences including loss of life, livelihood and land. Developing countries are particularly vulnerable but have done little to contribute to global green-house gas emissions. Human rights should be considered in this context because of both the extreme nature of impacts and the inequity of impact. Loss and damage ...
  • Theatre and the Right to have Rights. Creative intercultural encounter between Israelis and Palestinians in Israel promoting principles of peace and Human Rights in the context of reconciliation of intractable conflict 

    Rosenbohm, Dominique (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    There are many rather idealistic writings upon the effects that art can have on conflict societies and the role that art can play in the promotion of Human Rights. In the context of intractable conflict with a discourse of dehumanisation, it becomes particularly important to reemphasise everyone’s right to have rights and general related principles of equality, that are central to both Human Rights ...
  • Hybrid Tribunals as Capacity Building: Narrowing the Impunity Gap? 

    Jimenez, Ezequiel (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    This thesis analyzes how hybrid tribunals might contribute to narrowing the impunity gap through their capacity building premise. It asks what capacity building recommendations can be drawn from situations where hybrid tribunals have been established. The thesis analyzes the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the ongoing trials in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) and ...
  • REPRODUCING VIOLENCE THROUGH RECONSTRUCTING THE HYMEN? Gender-Based Violence Against Women in Lebanon 

    Hajali, Majd (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-21)
    Virginity in Lebanon is still a controversial and sensitive issue. Women’s value and honour is linked to the “hymen mystique”, which they fear losing before marriage. Regardless of the reasons for virginity loss, a non-virgin woman is deemed a sinner according to the Lebanese patriarchal social standards. With the existence of three-dimensional function of the hymen: honourable, social and physiological, ...
  • Human Rights Online: Redefining the Concept of Freedom of Expression in the Digital Age 

    Chitidze, Giorgi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    The Internet is undoubtedly one of the most widespread and commonly used tools for expression. The unique characteristics of cyberspace provide individuals with endless possibilities to deliver their ideas and opinions to anyone willing to listen across borders at relatively low cost, more so than has ever been before in the history of mankind. However, as with any powerful innovation the Internet ...
  • The Ramifications of the ICTY and the ICJ in Bosnia-Herzegovina Post-Conflict: Understanding the relationship between Justice and Reconciliation 

    Estrella, Denise A. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-22)
    The ability to foster reconciliation while addressing human rights can be achieved through the ICTY and the ICJ stemming from their use of providing accountability on individual level to a state level, admissions of guilt, removal of war criminals from society, outreach program and establishing historical and legal truths. Within the state of BiH, for many citizens there exists the belief that a ...

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