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dc.contributor.advisorBrekke, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorSkrunes, Stine
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-23T10:20:00Z
dc.date.available2011-05-23T10:20:00Z
dc.date.issued2011-02
dc.description.abstractIn this thesis, marine targets in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery are studied. The appearance of different marine targets in different polarization channels, their scattering behaviour, and their contrast measures and geometric properties are investigated. RADARSAT-2 data containing ships, oil rigs and icebergs in ocean and/or sea ice background are evaluated. To be able to detect a target in a SAR image, a significant contrast between target and background is needed. In this thesis, peak-to-background ratios (PBR) and target-to-background ratios (TBR) are used to evaluate the contrasts for different target types and background classes. The relations between contrast measures and incidence angle, target size and weather conditions are addressed. In order to track, identify or classify targets, reasonable features for discrimination must be chosen. In this project, Hu's 1st geometric moment is used as a geometric feature to investigate the elongatedness of the targets. It is found that cross-polarization (HV and VH) gives better contrast than co-polarization (HH and VV), especially at low incidence angles. Where quad-polarimetric data is available, enhanced contrast can be obtained through polarimetric decompositions. For man-made targets, the contrasts are seen to be dominated by the volume scattering and double bounce components, i.e. HV+VH and HH-VV. For man-made targets in ocean, contrasts for co-polarization channels are seen to increase with incidence angle, while cross-polarization contrasts decrease. The contrast measures are also seen to increase with target size, and to decrease with increased wind in the case of ocean background. Comparison of contrasts for different target types shows that PBR is larger for man-made targets in sea ice than in ocean areas, while the opposite is seen for TBR. Comparison of man-made targets versus icebergs shows that the latter has highest mean PBR while man-made targets have highest mean TBR. Ships in sea ice have higher contrasts than icebergs in both PBR and TBR. More data would provide more reliable results and a more accurate comparison. It is seen that Hu's 1st moment may be a useful feature for distinguishing between small and large ships, or between larger ships and other target types.en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10037/3358
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-uit_munin_3081
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherUniversitetet i Tromsøen
dc.publisherUniversity of Tromsøen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2011 The Author(s)
dc.subject.courseIDEOM-3901en
dc.subjectcharacterizationen
dc.subjectmarine targetsen
dc.subjectSARen
dc.subjectcontrasten
dc.subjectsegmentationen
dc.subjectHu's momenten
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Informasjons- og kommunikasjonsvitenskap: 420::Simulering, visualisering, signalbehandling, bildeanalyse: 429en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Information and communication science: 420::Simulation, visualization, signal processing, image processing: 429en
dc.subjectearth observationen
dc.subjectremote sensingen
dc.titleMarine Target Characteristics in Satellite SAR Imageryen
dc.typeMaster thesisen
dc.typeMastergradsoppgaveen


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