Seadrive. Remote file synchronization for offshore fleets
ForfatterHaro, Peter Halland
File synchronization- and hosting services is not only an integrated service in everyday life, but also a powerful tool to support business and organizational activities. In order to provide users with a transparent experience, the systems relies on sophisticated mechanisms to create a seamless integration. The problem with these systems is that they are designed for stable network connections with a low variety in latency, throughput and loss-rate. The systems optimized for low bandwidth networks are implemented to work on a small set of small text-based files, and assumes no prior knowledge of the contents on the receiver. Offshore vessels outside the range cellular networks employ a variety of satellite based communication suites and accommodating physical hardware. These networks are notorious for having poor upload- and download speed, high loss rate, poor latency with high variability and are subject to frequent dropped connections. Furthermore, the fiscal cost associated by using these connections are high, as the highest performing networks charge per kilobit transferred. These connections are unsuitable for modern file hosting services, and file synchronization frameworks, as they never complete synchronizing, often due to the assignment of new IPs. Therefore providing the naval fleet with a reliable file-synchronization protocol, and small in transmission overhead is of the utmost importance. In order to facilitate the needs for file hosting services, we created a file synchronization framework, which allows for different deduplication, file-synchronization and file transportation schemes. The idea was to support a computationally inexpensive method emphasizing speed over reliability on Local Area Networks, and a robust but slower methodology for Wide Area Networks. This thesis presents Seadrive- a new file synchronization framework that targets offshore-based fleets and their land-based counterparts. By utilizing a file synchronization methodology inspired by binary patch distributions, and creating a novel reliable application level transport protocol, we are able to successfully synchronize large files through simulated satellite-based network topologies. In order to assess the capabilities of our framework, we performed various experiments on the artifacts in the form of micro- and macro benchmarks, comparing them to both Rsync and Rdiff based protocols. Our results show that Seadrive is able to produce smaller patches than both Rsync and Rdiff based protocols, with fewer TCP and application layer requests necessary, saving up to 10 hours on the slowest network connection and is able to reliably transfer data through unreliable network topologies.
ForlagUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
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