Governance and the study of shrimp revitalization program in Indonesia
Shrimp world production in the last few years has shown very high growth rates. It is marked by an increasing of production volume, and by shifting from capture to aquaculture fisheries within the production system. This has occurred mostly regarding to the brackish water pond. For some years, the government has had to face hard choices in order to ensure shrimp aquaculture developed sustainable. The desire and temptation to pursue the excessive development of shrimp production as a source of foreign currency often conflicted with concerns for ecosystem health, social justice, food safety, livelihoods and food security. The Fisheries Revitalization Program is one of the main driving forces behind establishing a governance system that allows the stakeholders to play an effective role in managing fisheries sustainable. The program utilizes political support to encourage sustainable livelihood by creating economic growth, providing job and alleviating poverty. The Fisheries Revitalization Program focuses on the development of three important economic commodities, namely shrimp, skipjack and seaweed. The study focuses on the shrimp revitalization program, by using the governance concept to analyze how the mechanisms and effects of the program so far. The findings are the contributions and commitments from the three societal institutions (state, market and civil society) needed to play roles in the shrimp governance system, and local institution needs to be developed. Key words: governance, revitalization, sustainable, local institution
ForlagUniversitetet i Tromsø
University of Tromsø
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