Recent additions

  • Persistence of environmental DNA in marine systems 

    Collins, Rupert A.; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; O'Gorman, Eoin J.; Mariani, Stefano; Sims, David W.; Genner, Martin J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-05)
    As environmental DNA (eDNA) becomes an increasingly valuable resource for marine ecosystem monitoring, understanding variation in its persistence across contrasting environments is critical. Here, we quantify the breakdown of macrobial eDNA over a spatio-temporal axis of locally extreme conditions, varying from ocean-influenced offshore to urban-inshore, and between winter and summer. We report that ...
  • EU-OPENSCREEN: A novel collaborative approach to facilitate chemical biology 

    Brennecke, Philip; Rasina, Dace; Aubi Catevilla, Oscar; Herzog, Katja; Landskron, Johannes; Cautain, Bastien; Vicente, Francisca; Quintana, Jordi; Mestres, Jordi; Stechmann, Bahne; Ellinger, Bernhard; Brea, Jose; Kolanowski, Jacek L.; Pilarski, Radosław; Orzáez, Mar; Pineda-Lucena, Antonio; Laraia, Luca; Nami, Faranak; Zielenkiewicz, Piotr; Paruch, Kamil; Hansen, Espen; von Kries, Jens P.; Neuenschwander, Martin; Specker, Edgar; Bartunek, Petr; Šímová, Šárka; Leśnikowski, Zbigniew; Krauss, Stefan; Lehtiö, Lari; Bilitewski, Ursula; Brönstrup, Mark; Tasken, Kjetil; Jirgensons, Aigars; Lickert, Heiko; Clausen, Mads H.; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Vicent, Maria J.; Genilloud, Olga; Martinez, Aurora; Nazaré, Marc; Fecke, Wolfgang; Gribbon, Philip (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-07)
    Compound screening in biological assays and subsequent optimization of hits is indispensable for the development of new molecular research tools and drug candidates. To facilitate such discoveries, the European Research Infrastructure EU-OPENSCREEN was founded recently with the support of its member countries and the European Commission. Its distributed character harnesses complementary knowledge, ...
  • Advancing research for the management of long-lived species: A case study on the Greenland Shark 

    Edwards, Jena E.; Hiltz, Elizabeth; Broell, Franziska; Bushnell, Peter G.; Campana, Steven E.; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou; Devine, Brynn M.; Gallant, Jeffrey J.; Hedges, Kevin J.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; McMeans, Bailey C.; Nielsen, Julius; Præbel, Kim; Skomal, Gregory B.; Steffensen, John Fleng; Walter, Ryan P.; Watanabe, Yuuki Y.; VanderZwaag, David L.; Hussey, Nigel E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
    Long-lived species share life history traits such as slow growth, late maturity, and low fecundity, which lead to slow recovery rates and increase a population’s vulnerability to disturbance. The Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) has recently been recognized as the world’s longest-lived vertebrate, but many questions regarding its biology, physiology, and ecology remain unanswered. Here we ...
  • Ranking of substances for monitoring in foods, drinks and dietary supplements - based on risk and knowledge gaps 

    Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Husøy, Trine; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Mathisen, Gro Haarklou; Ørnsrud, Robin; Agdestein, Angelika; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Krogdahl, Åshild; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Velle, Gaute; Wasteson, Yngvild; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Vandvik, Vigdis; Alexander, Jan (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
    The Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM) to provide an overview of substances in foods, drinks and dietary supplements that may constitute a potential health risk for humans, based on the VKM members’ expert judgements. VKM was further requested to perform a ranking of these substances. Additionally, VKM should ...
  • Effect of three different codend designs on the size selectivity of juvenile cod in the Barents Sea shrimp trawl fishery 

    Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Larsen, Roger B.; Brinkhof, Jesse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
    Shrimp trawlers often use a Nordmøre sorting grid ahead of a small mesh codend to avoid bycatch of juvenile fish while allowing shrimps to be efficiently caught. However, small fish can pass through the grid to enter the codend and risk being retained. The risk of retention for fish of different sizes depends the size selection in the Nordmøre grid and the size selection in the subsequent codend, ...
  • Fungal Planet description sheets: 868–950 

    Crous, Pedro W.; Carnegie, A.J.; Wingfield, MJ; Sharma, R.; Mughini, G.; Noordeloos, Machiel E.; Santini, A; Shouche, YS; Bezerra, JDP; Dima, B*; Guarnaccia, V; Imrefi, I; Jurjevic, Z; Knapp, DG; Kovács, Gabor G.; Magistà, D; Perrone, G; Rämä, Teppo; Rebriev, Y.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Singh, S.M.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Thangavel, R.; Adhapure, N.N.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Alfenas, A.C.; Alfenas, R.F.; Alvarado, P.; Alves, A.L.; Andrade, D.A.; Andrade, J.P.; Barbosa, R.N.; Barili, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Baseia, I.G.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Berlanas, C.; Bessette, A.E.; Bessette, A.R.; Biketova, A.Yu.; Bomfim, F.S.; Brandrud, T.E.; Bransgrove, K.; Brito, A.C.Q.; Cano- Lira, J.F.; Cantillo, T.; Cavalcanti, A.D.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Chikowski, R.S.; Conforto, C.; Cordeiro, T.R.L.; Craine, J.D.; Cruz, R.; Damm, U.; de Oliveira, R.J.V.; de Souza, J.T.; de Souza, H.G.; Dearnaley, J.D.W.; Dimitrov, R.A.; Dovana, F.; Erhard, A.; Esteve- Raventós, F.; Félix, C.R.; Ferisin, G.; Fernandes, R.A.; Ferreira, R.J.; Ferro, L.O.; Figueiredo, C.N.; Frank, J.L.; Freire, K.T.L.S.; García, D.; Gené, J.; Gęsiorska, A.; Gibertoni, T.B.; Gondra, R.A.G.; Gouliamova, D.E.; Gramaje, D.; Guard, F.; Gusmão, L.F.P.; Haitook, S.; Hirooka, Y.; Houbraken, J.; Hubka, V.; Inamdar, A.; Iturriaga, T.; Iturrieta-González, I.; Jadan, M.; Jiang, N.; Justo, A.; Kachalkin, A.V.; Kapitonov, V.I.; Karadelev, M.; Karakehian, J.; Kasuya, T.; Kautmanová, I.; Kruse, J.; Kušan, I.; Kuznetsova, T.A.; Landell, M.F.; Larsson, K.-H.; Lee, H.B.; Lima, D.X.; Lira, C.R.S.; Machado, A.R.; Madrid, H.; Magalhães, O.M.C.; Majerova, H.; Malysheva, E.F.; Mapperson, R.R.; Marbach, P.A.S.; Martin, M.P.; Martín-Sanz, A.; Matočec, N.; McTaggart, A.R.; Mello, J.F.; Melo, R.F.R.; Mešić, A.; Michereff, S.J.; Miller, A.N.; Minoshima, A.; Molinero-Ruiz, L.; Morozova, O.V.; Mosoh, D.; Nabe, M.; Naik, R.; Nara, K.; Nascimento, S.S.; Neves, R.P.; Olariaga, I.; Oliveira, R.L.; Oliveira, T.G.L.; Ono, T.; Ordoñez, M.E.; Ottoni, A. de M.; Paiva, L.M.; Pancorbo, F.; Pant, B.; Pawłowska, J.; Peterson, S.W.; Raudabaugh, D.B.; Rodríguez-Andrade, E.; Rubio, E.; Rusevska, K.; Santiago, A.L.C.M.A.; Santos, A.C.S.; Santos, C.; Sazanova, N.A.; Shah, S.; Sharma, J.; Silva, B.D.B.; Siqiuer, J.L.; Sonawane, M.S.; Stchigel, A.M.; Svetasheva, T.; Tamakeaw, N.; Telleria, M.T.; Tiago, P.V.; Tian, C.M.; Tkalčec, Z.; Tomashevskaya, M.A.; Truong, H.H.; Vecherskii, M.V.; Visagie, C.M.; Vizzini, A.; Yilmaz, N.; Zmitrovich, I.V.; Zvyagina, E.A.; Boekhout, T.; Kehlet, T.; Læssøe, T.; Groenewald, J.Z. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07)
    Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: <b>Australia</b>, <i>Chaetomella pseudocircinoseta</i> and <i>Coniella pseudodiospyri</i> on <i>Eucalyptus microcorys</i> leaves, <i>Cladophialophora eucalypti</i>, <i>Teratosphaeria dunnii</i> and <i>Vermiculariopsiella dunnii</i> on <i>Eucalyptus dunnii</i> leaves, <i>Cylindrium grande</i> and <i>Hypsotheca ...
  • Reconciling ecological and engineering design principles for building microbiomes 

    Bernstein, Hans Christopher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-28)
    Simplified microbial communities, or “benchtop microbiomes,” enable us to manage the profound complexity of microbial ecosystems. Widespread activities aiming to design and control communities result in novel resources for testing ecological theories and also for realizing new biotechnologies. There is much to be gained by reconciling engineering design principles with ecological processes that shape ...
  • Securing a just space for small-scale fisheries in the blue economy 

    Cohen, Philippa J; Allison, Edward H; Andrew, Neil L; Cinner, Joshua; Evans, Louisa S; Fabinyi, Michael; Garces, Len R; Hall, Stephen J; Hicks, Christina C; Hughes, Terry P; Jentoft, Svein; Mills, David J; Masu, Rosalie; Mbaru, Emmanuel K; Ratner, Blake D (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-18)
    The vast developmental opportunities offered by the world’s coasts and oceans have attracted the attention of governments, private enterprises, philanthropic organizations, and international conservation organizations. High-profile dialogue and policy decisions on the future of the ocean are informed largely by economic and ecological research. Key insights from the social sciences raise concerns ...
  • Domestic cats (Felis catus) in Denmark have increased significantly in size since the Viking Age 

    Bitz-Thorsen, Julie; Gotfredsen, Anne Birgitte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-03)
    The earliest finds of domestic cat in Denmark date back to the Roman Iron Age (c. 1–375 AD). Initially, cats occurred sparsely and only from the Viking Age (c. 850–1050 AD) did they become more frequent in numbers, though primarily in urban contexts and in connection with fur production. In medieval times, cats became beasts of pest control in rural settlements, manorial estates as well as in the ...
  • Valuing blue carbon changes in the Arctic ocean 

    Armstrong, Claire W.; Foley, Naomi; Slagstad, Dag; Chierici, Melissa; Ellingsen, Ingrid H.; Reigstad, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-25)
    The ocean capacity to store carbon is crucial, and currently absorbs about 25% CO<sub>2</sub> supply to the atmosphere. The ability to store carbon has an economic value, but such estimates are not common for ocean environments, and not yet estimated for the Arctic Ocean. With the severe climatic changes in the Arctic Ocean, impacting sea ice and potentially the vertical carbon transport mechanisms, ...
  • Cold seawater induces early sexual developmental stages in the BPG axis of European eel males 

    Rozenfeld, Christoffer; García-Carpintero, Victor; Pérez, Luz; Gallego, Victor; Herranz-Jusdado, Juan Germán; Tveiten, Helge; Johnsen, Helge K.; Fontaine, Romain David; Weltzien, Finn-Arne; Cañizares, Joaquín; Asturiano, Juan F.; Penaranda, David Sanchez (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-22)
    <i>Background</i>: The impossibility of closing the life cycle of the European eel (<i>Anguilla anguilla</i>) in captivity troubles the future of this critically endangered species. In addition, the European eel is a highly valued and demanded resource, thus the successful closing of its life cycle would have a substantial economic and ecological impact. With the aim of obtaining the highest ...
  • Large volume cryopreservation of lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) sperm for commercial hatchery production 

    Opeifa, Bamidele Theophilus (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-06-03)
    The growing Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) aquaculture production is confronted with many challenges that limit the potential development of the industry. The major current problem threatening the salmon aquaculture production is the parasitic sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) that negatively affects both cultured salmon and wild stock populations. Several treatment options have failed to deliver ...
  • Seeking to legitimize: Social sustainability and legitimacy in the Traffic Light System 

    Vik, Christian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Over the last 50 years, the management needs of the Norwegian aquaculture industry have become increasingly complex. The stakeholders in the management vary diversely from environmental agencies and NGOs, to local and national governmental bodies, to those operating the farms themselves. Consequently, the establishment of the Traffic Light System as a management tool has been a long and challenging ...
  • Antimikrobielle forbindelser i sjøstjernen Asterias rubens og sjøpølsen Cucumaria frondosa. 

    Siiri, Sebastian Reidar Barriteau (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Det er en økende bekymring for at antibiotikaene vi har tilgjengelige i dag ikke vil være effektive mot humane patogener grunnet resistensutvikling. WHO har uttalt at en pre-antibiotika tid der vanlige infeksjoner og mindre skader kan drepe, er en reell virkelighet i det 21. århundre. Havet dekker over 70% av jordoverflaten, og det er estimert at mellom 50 og 80% av alle arter lever i havet. Organismer ...
  • Havfarm 3: Governmentally driven innovations in Norwegian aquaculture. A challenge for the governing system? 

    Jensen, Daniel (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    The Norwegian aquaculture industry is today experiencing increasing demands of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) from global markets. However, past years has not seen the same rise in production as in value. In a time where several area and environmental-related challenges are hindering further growth of the Norwegian aquaculture industry, the development licenses have become the latest licensing ...
  • Implementation of the Traffic Light System in Norwegian salmon aquaculture - success or failure for whom? 

    Michaelsen-Svendsen, Bjørnar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Since Norwegian Atlantic salmon aquaculture developed into a viable industry in the 1960s, it has grown into one of Norway’s most important sectors. A crucial factor influencing this growth has been the development of a management system which has facilitated the growth in an advantageous way. In the latter part of 2017, a new aquaculture management system started, called the Traffic Light System. ...
  • Rising temperatures in a subarctic lake lead to increased somatic growth rates for Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus, (L.)) 

    Kotowych, Nicholas Volodya (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Cold water species living at high latitudes are expected to respond rapidly to climate change due to their sensitivity to increasing temperature. Water temperature strongly affects the ecology of fish, influencing food intake and conversion, and ultimately somatic growth rate. In a lake, somatic growth rates will also be contingent on food availability, which is negatively affected by fish abundance. ...
  • Normalhistologi hos oppdrettet rognkjeks (Cyclopterus lumpus L.). Med fokus på organene hud, gjeller, hjerte, nyre, milt, pankreas og lever 

    Klingenberg, Oda (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    Lumpfish (Cylcopterus lumpus) is increasingly used as cleaner fish in intensive farming of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) with an aim to control the infection of lice on the salmon. The lumpfish is itself exposed to a number of infections, both bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungal, and there is still a lack of knowledge regarding these infections and their impact on the fish. In order to assess the ...
  • Institutional aspects of the fisheries management among the Sami people living in the Murmansk region 

    Osokina, Marianna (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
    This master thesis will consider the institutional aspects of traditional fisheries regulation among the small Indigenous minorities of the North, Siberia and the Far East of Russia, using the Kola Sámi settled in Murmansk region as case. The thesis studies the potential for influence of local institutions on the traditional fisheries management. Based on documents and internet sources the thesis ...
  • Fôrbasert kontra lysstimulert smoltifisering av Atlantisk laks (Salmo salar L.). Effekten av smoltifiseringsregime på smoltutvikling og immunstatus i ferskvann, samt vekst og mottakelighet for infeksiøs lakseanemi (ILA) etter sjøsetting 

    Ellingsen, Bjørn (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-14)
    Målsetningen med dette forsøket var å studere smoltutvikling, samt immunstatus og mottakelighet for sykdom etter utsett i sjø hos Atlantisk laks (Salmo salar L.) smoltifisert ved endring i fotoperiode eller ved bruk av fôr. Før og etter endt smoltstimulering ble fisk injisert med en multikomponent vaksine for å kvantifisere immunrespons i relasjon til smoltutvikling. Etter overføring til sjøvann ble ...

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