Recent additions

  • Quantification of bell-shaped size selectivity in shrimp trawl fisheries using square mesh panels and a sorting cone after a Nordmøre grid 

    Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Herrmann, Bent; Larsen, Roger B.; Brinkhof, Jesse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
    Shrimp trawlers in the Barents Sea use a Nordmøre sorting grid ahead of a small-mesh codend to avoid bycatch while catching shrimps efficiently. However, small fish can still pass through the grid to enter the codend, which increases their risk of being retained. In this study, we quantified the selectivity of a standard Nordmøre grid used together with one of two different codend designs, namely a ...
  • Trained Innate Immunity of Fish Is a Viable Approach in Larval Aquaculture 

    Zhang, Zuobing; Chi, Heng; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-25)
    The general understanding has been that only adaptive immunity is capable of immunological memory, but this concept has been challenged in recent years by studies showing that innate immune systems can mount resistance to reinfection—as the innate immune system can adapt its function following an insult. Innate immune training offers an attractive approach in intensive fish larval rearing, especially ...
  • Persistence of environmental DNA in marine systems 

    Collins, Rupert A.; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; O'Gorman, Eoin J.; Mariani, Stefano; Sims, David W.; Genner, Martin J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-05)
    As environmental DNA (eDNA) becomes an increasingly valuable resource for marine ecosystem monitoring, understanding variation in its persistence across contrasting environments is critical. Here, we quantify the breakdown of macrobial eDNA over a spatio-temporal axis of locally extreme conditions, varying from ocean-influenced offshore to urban-inshore, and between winter and summer. We report that ...
  • EU-OPENSCREEN: A novel collaborative approach to facilitate chemical biology 

    Brennecke, Philip; Rasina, Dace; Aubi Catevilla, Oscar; Herzog, Katja; Landskron, Johannes; Cautain, Bastien; Vicente, Francisca; Quintana, Jordi; Mestres, Jordi; Stechmann, Bahne; Ellinger, Bernhard; Brea, Jose; Kolanowski, Jacek L.; Pilarski, Radosław; Orzáez, Mar; Pineda-Lucena, Antonio; Laraia, Luca; Nami, Faranak; Zielenkiewicz, Piotr; Paruch, Kamil; Hansen, Espen; von Kries, Jens P.; Neuenschwander, Martin; Specker, Edgar; Bartunek, Petr; Šímová, Šárka; Leśnikowski, Zbigniew; Krauss, Stefan; Lehtiö, Lari; Bilitewski, Ursula; Brönstrup, Mark; Tasken, Kjetil; Jirgensons, Aigars; Lickert, Heiko; Clausen, Mads H.; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Vicent, Maria J.; Genilloud, Olga; Martinez, Aurora; Nazaré, Marc; Fecke, Wolfgang; Gribbon, Philip (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-07)
    Compound screening in biological assays and subsequent optimization of hits is indispensable for the development of new molecular research tools and drug candidates. To facilitate such discoveries, the European Research Infrastructure EU-OPENSCREEN was founded recently with the support of its member countries and the European Commission. Its distributed character harnesses complementary knowledge, ...
  • Advancing research for the management of long-lived species: A case study on the Greenland Shark 

    Edwards, Jena E.; Hiltz, Elizabeth; Broell, Franziska; Bushnell, Peter G.; Campana, Steven E.; Christiansen, Jørgen Schou; Devine, Brynn M.; Gallant, Jeffrey J.; Hedges, Kevin J.; MacNeil, M. Aaron; McMeans, Bailey C.; Nielsen, Julius; Præbel, Kim; Skomal, Gregory B.; Steffensen, John Fleng; Walter, Ryan P.; Watanabe, Yuuki Y.; VanderZwaag, David L.; Hussey, Nigel E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
    Long-lived species share life history traits such as slow growth, late maturity, and low fecundity, which lead to slow recovery rates and increase a population’s vulnerability to disturbance. The Greenland shark (Somniosus microcephalus) has recently been recognized as the world’s longest-lived vertebrate, but many questions regarding its biology, physiology, and ecology remain unanswered. Here we ...
  • Ranking of substances for monitoring in foods, drinks and dietary supplements - based on risk and knowledge gaps 

    Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Husøy, Trine; Knutsen, Helle Katrine; Mathisen, Gro Haarklou; Ørnsrud, Robin; Agdestein, Angelika; Bodin, Johanna Eva; Elvevoll, Edel O.; Hessen, Dag Olav; Hofshagen, Merete; Krogdahl, Åshild; Nilsen, Asbjørn Magne; Rafoss, Trond; Skjerdal, Olaug Taran; Velle, Gaute; Wasteson, Yngvild; Hemre, Gro Ingunn; Vandvik, Vigdis; Alexander, Jan (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019)
    The Norwegian Food Safety Authority (NFSA) requested the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food and Environment (VKM) to provide an overview of substances in foods, drinks and dietary supplements that may constitute a potential health risk for humans, based on the VKM members’ expert judgements. VKM was further requested to perform a ranking of these substances. Additionally, VKM should ...
  • Effect of three different codend designs on the size selectivity of juvenile cod in the Barents Sea shrimp trawl fishery 

    Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Larsen, Roger B.; Brinkhof, Jesse (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
    Shrimp trawlers often use a Nordmøre sorting grid ahead of a small mesh codend to avoid bycatch of juvenile fish while allowing shrimps to be efficiently caught. However, small fish can pass through the grid to enter the codend and risk being retained. The risk of retention for fish of different sizes depends the size selection in the Nordmøre grid and the size selection in the subsequent codend, ...
  • Fungal Planet description sheets: 868–950 

    Crous, Pedro W.; Carnegie, A.J.; Wingfield, MJ; Sharma, R.; Mughini, G.; Noordeloos, Machiel E.; Santini, A; Shouche, YS; Bezerra, JDP; Dima, B*; Guarnaccia, V; Imrefi, I; Jurjevic, Z; Knapp, DG; Kovács, Gabor G.; Magistà, D; Perrone, G; Rämä, Teppo; Rebriev, Y.A.; Shivas, R.G.; Singh, S.M.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Thangavel, R.; Adhapure, N.N.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Alfenas, A.C.; Alfenas, R.F.; Alvarado, P.; Alves, A.L.; Andrade, D.A.; Andrade, J.P.; Barbosa, R.N.; Barili, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Baseia, I.G.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Berlanas, C.; Bessette, A.E.; Bessette, A.R.; Biketova, A.Yu.; Bomfim, F.S.; Brandrud, T.E.; Bransgrove, K.; Brito, A.C.Q.; Cano- Lira, J.F.; Cantillo, T.; Cavalcanti, A.D.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Chikowski, R.S.; Conforto, C.; Cordeiro, T.R.L.; Craine, J.D.; Cruz, R.; Damm, U.; de Oliveira, R.J.V.; de Souza, J.T.; de Souza, H.G.; Dearnaley, J.D.W.; Dimitrov, R.A.; Dovana, F.; Erhard, A.; Esteve- Raventós, F.; Félix, C.R.; Ferisin, G.; Fernandes, R.A.; Ferreira, R.J.; Ferro, L.O.; Figueiredo, C.N.; Frank, J.L.; Freire, K.T.L.S.; García, D.; Gené, J.; Gęsiorska, A.; Gibertoni, T.B.; Gondra, R.A.G.; Gouliamova, D.E.; Gramaje, D.; Guard, F.; Gusmão, L.F.P.; Haitook, S.; Hirooka, Y.; Houbraken, J.; Hubka, V.; Inamdar, A.; Iturriaga, T.; Iturrieta-González, I.; Jadan, M.; Jiang, N.; Justo, A.; Kachalkin, A.V.; Kapitonov, V.I.; Karadelev, M.; Karakehian, J.; Kasuya, T.; Kautmanová, I.; Kruse, J.; Kušan, I.; Kuznetsova, T.A.; Landell, M.F.; Larsson, K.-H.; Lee, H.B.; Lima, D.X.; Lira, C.R.S.; Machado, A.R.; Madrid, H.; Magalhães, O.M.C.; Majerova, H.; Malysheva, E.F.; Mapperson, R.R.; Marbach, P.A.S.; Martin, M.P.; Martín-Sanz, A.; Matočec, N.; McTaggart, A.R.; Mello, J.F.; Melo, R.F.R.; Mešić, A.; Michereff, S.J.; Miller, A.N.; Minoshima, A.; Molinero-Ruiz, L.; Morozova, O.V.; Mosoh, D.; Nabe, M.; Naik, R.; Nara, K.; Nascimento, S.S.; Neves, R.P.; Olariaga, I.; Oliveira, R.L.; Oliveira, T.G.L.; Ono, T.; Ordoñez, M.E.; Ottoni, A. de M.; Paiva, L.M.; Pancorbo, F.; Pant, B.; Pawłowska, J.; Peterson, S.W.; Raudabaugh, D.B.; Rodríguez-Andrade, E.; Rubio, E.; Rusevska, K.; Santiago, A.L.C.M.A.; Santos, A.C.S.; Santos, C.; Sazanova, N.A.; Shah, S.; Sharma, J.; Silva, B.D.B.; Siqiuer, J.L.; Sonawane, M.S.; Stchigel, A.M.; Svetasheva, T.; Tamakeaw, N.; Telleria, M.T.; Tiago, P.V.; Tian, C.M.; Tkalčec, Z.; Tomashevskaya, M.A.; Truong, H.H.; Vecherskii, M.V.; Visagie, C.M.; Vizzini, A.; Yilmaz, N.; Zmitrovich, I.V.; Zvyagina, E.A.; Boekhout, T.; Kehlet, T.; Læssøe, T.; Groenewald, J.Z. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07)
    Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: <b>Australia</b>, <i>Chaetomella pseudocircinoseta</i> and <i>Coniella pseudodiospyri</i> on <i>Eucalyptus microcorys</i> leaves, <i>Cladophialophora eucalypti</i>, <i>Teratosphaeria dunnii</i> and <i>Vermiculariopsiella dunnii</i> on <i>Eucalyptus dunnii</i> leaves, <i>Cylindrium grande</i> and <i>Hypsotheca ...
  • Reconciling ecological and engineering design principles for building microbiomes 

    Bernstein, Hans Christopher (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-28)
    Simplified microbial communities, or “benchtop microbiomes,” enable us to manage the profound complexity of microbial ecosystems. Widespread activities aiming to design and control communities result in novel resources for testing ecological theories and also for realizing new biotechnologies. There is much to be gained by reconciling engineering design principles with ecological processes that shape ...
  • Securing a just space for small-scale fisheries in the blue economy 

    Cohen, Philippa J; Allison, Edward H; Andrew, Neil L; Cinner, Joshua; Evans, Louisa S; Fabinyi, Michael; Garces, Len R; Hall, Stephen J; Hicks, Christina C; Hughes, Terry P; Jentoft, Svein; Mills, David J; Masu, Rosalie; Mbaru, Emmanuel K; Ratner, Blake D (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-18)
    The vast developmental opportunities offered by the world’s coasts and oceans have attracted the attention of governments, private enterprises, philanthropic organizations, and international conservation organizations. High-profile dialogue and policy decisions on the future of the ocean are informed largely by economic and ecological research. Key insights from the social sciences raise concerns ...
  • Domestic cats (Felis catus) in Denmark have increased significantly in size since the Viking Age 

    Bitz-Thorsen, Julie; Gotfredsen, Anne Birgitte (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-03)
    The earliest finds of domestic cat in Denmark date back to the Roman Iron Age (c. 1–375 AD). Initially, cats occurred sparsely and only from the Viking Age (c. 850–1050 AD) did they become more frequent in numbers, though primarily in urban contexts and in connection with fur production. In medieval times, cats became beasts of pest control in rural settlements, manorial estates as well as in the ...
  • Valuing blue carbon changes in the Arctic ocean 

    Armstrong, Claire W.; Foley, Naomi; Slagstad, Dag; Chierici, Melissa; Ellingsen, Ingrid H.; Reigstad, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-25)
    The ocean capacity to store carbon is crucial, and currently absorbs about 25% CO<sub>2</sub> supply to the atmosphere. The ability to store carbon has an economic value, but such estimates are not common for ocean environments, and not yet estimated for the Arctic Ocean. With the severe climatic changes in the Arctic Ocean, impacting sea ice and potentially the vertical carbon transport mechanisms, ...
  • Cold seawater induces early sexual developmental stages in the BPG axis of European eel males 

    Rozenfeld, Christoffer; García-Carpintero, Victor; Pérez, Luz; Gallego, Victor; Herranz-Jusdado, Juan Germán; Tveiten, Helge; Johnsen, Helge K.; Fontaine, Romain David; Weltzien, Finn-Arne; Cañizares, Joaquín; Asturiano, Juan F.; Penaranda, David Sanchez (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-22)
    <i>Background</i>: The impossibility of closing the life cycle of the European eel (<i>Anguilla anguilla</i>) in captivity troubles the future of this critically endangered species. In addition, the European eel is a highly valued and demanded resource, thus the successful closing of its life cycle would have a substantial economic and ecological impact. With the aim of obtaining the highest ...
  • An interdisciplinary insight into the human dimension in fisheries models. A systematic literature review in a European Union context 

    Weber, Charlotte Teresa; Borit, Melania; Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-02)
    Fisheries are complex adaptive social-ecological systems (SES) that consist of interlinked human and ecosystems. They have mainly been studied by the natural sciences and focused on the ecosystem. However, rising concerns about sustainability and increasing complexity of societal challenges often require an understanding of fisheries in a SES context. For this purpose, the study of the human ...
  • Interdisciplinary optimism? Sentiment analysis of Twitter data 

    Weber, Charlotte Teresa; Syed, Shaheen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-31)
    Interdisciplinary research has faced many challenges, including institutional, cultural and practical ones, while it has also been reported as a ‘career risk’ and even ‘career suicide’ for researchers pursuing such an education and approach. Yet, the propagation of challenges and risks can easily lead to a feeling of anxiety and disempowerment in researchers, which we think is counterproductive to ...
  • Critical Role of an MHC Class I-Like/Innate-Like T Cell Immune Surveillance System in Host Defense against Ranavirus (Frog Virus 3) Infection 

    Edholm, Eva-Stina Isabella; De Jesus Andino, Francisco; Yim, Jinyeong; Woo, Katherine; Robert, Jacques (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-06)
    Besides the central role of classical Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class Ia-restricted conventional Cluster of Differentiation 8 (CD8) T cells in antiviral host immune response, the amphibian <i>Xenopus laevis</i> critically rely on MHC class I-like (mhc1b10.1.L or XNC10)-restricted innate-like (i)T cells (iVα6 T cells) to control infection by the ranavirus Frog virus 3 (FV3). To complement ...
  • The importance of ecological networks in multiple-stressor research and management 

    Bruder, Andreas; Frainer, André; Rota, Thibaut; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-07)
    Multiple stressors are increasingly affecting organisms and communities, thereby modifying ecosystems' state and functioning. Raising awareness about the threat from multiple stressors has increased the number of experimental and observational studies specifically addressing consequences of stressor interactions on biota. Most studies measure the direct effects of multiple stressors and their ...
  • Musculoskeletal symptoms among workers in the commercial fishing fleet of Norway 

    Sandsund, Mariann; Øren, Anita; Thorvaldsen, Trine; Holmen, Ingunn; Sønvisen, Signe; Heidelberg, Cecilie Thon; Aasmoe, Lisbeth (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-25)
    <i>Background</i>: Fishers exposed to unfavourable environmental conditions may suffer negative health ef- fects. This study aimed to identify musculoskeletal symptoms in professional fishers in Norway using data from several sources; register data, telephone survey and questionnaire.<p> <p><i>Materials and methods</i>: Professional fishers (n = 25,971) registered in the period 2008-2013 were ...
  • Trading off co-produced marine ecosystem services: Natural resource industries versus other use and non-use ecosystem service values 

    Aanesen, Margrethe; Armstrong, Claire W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-22)
    Ecosystem services (ESs) may be both non-market and market based. Both may provide important input to societal welfare. Using natural resources, or converting nature in the development of market based ES may impact the access to non-market or more conservationist ES, and vice versa. How does the general public trade-off between these two types of ES? We use two valuation studies in Northern Norway ...
  • Expert Assessment of Risks Posed by Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activities to Ecosystem Services in the Deep North Atlantic 

    Armstrong, Claire W.; Vondolia, Godwin Kofi; Foley, Naomi; Henry, Lea-Anne; Needham, Katherine; Ressurreição, Adriana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-24)
    Sustainable development of the ocean is a central policy objective in Europe through the Blue Growth Strategy and globally through parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Achieving sustainable exploitation of deep sea resources is challenged due to the huge uncertainty around the many risks posed by human activities on these remote ecosystems and the goods and services they provide. We ...

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