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  • Space-time dynamics in monitoring neotropical fish communities using eDNA metabarcoding 

    Sales, Naiara Guimaraes; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; Carvalho, Daniel C.; Deiner, Kristy; Præbel, Kim; Coscia, Ilaria; McDevitt, Allan D; Mariani, Stefano (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-01)
    The biodiverse Neotropical ecoregion remains insufficiently assessed, poorly managed, and threatened by unregulated human activities. Novel, rapid and cost-effective DNA-based approaches are valuable to improve understanding of the biological communities and for biomonitoring in remote areas. Here, we evaluate the potential of environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding for assessing the structure and ...
  • Application of economic tools for informing Atlantic salmon management in Norway. Opportunity cost of protection measures, valuation of ecosystem services and environmental cost-benefit analysis. 

    Nikitina, Ekaterina (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-10-23)
    This thesis explores various aspects of the application of economic analysis to Atlantic salmon management in Norway. The purpose and contributions are twofold. On the one hand, the thesis seeks to improve economic toolbox used to analyse environmental-economic trade-offs. On the other hand, it yields specific conclusions and recommendations for the case of Atlantic salmon management in Norway and ...
  • The Sunk Cost Fallacy and Risk-Taking Behaviour. Evidence from a computer game experiment 

    Skognes, Martin Tangstad; Noste, Hannah Sire Kristoffersen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-31)
    We examine whether behavioural sunk costs are related to an increased willingness to make risky decisions. Rational agents’ decisions should not be contingent on sunk costs; however, foregoing research suggests that individuals in fact do react to such costs. Few studies have examined behavioural sunk costs and risk-taking with “real stakes”, which is an important topic of research as many ...
  • Strategisk kompetanseledelse i Nord-Norge. En kvalitativ studie av to småbedrifter 

    Olaussen, Ranveig (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Sammendrag De menneskelige ressursene blir sett på som viktige i bedriftene, og i mange tilfeller vil de også være de ressursene som er avgjørende for lønnsomhet og vekst. Små bedrifter skiller seg ikke fra store i den sammenheng, men små bedrifter kan ha både muligheter og utfordringer som kan gjøre seg gjeldende i større grad enn de vil gjøre i store organisasjoner. I småbedrifter er gjerne leder ...
  • Vil man effektivisere videoannonser i holdningskampanjer om de skreddersys mot mottakerens personlighet? 

    Hetland, Kjell-Petter (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-28)
    Regulatory focus theory er en teori som omhandler hvordan vi mennesker motiveres ulikt som følge av at noen av oss er avvergingsfokuserte og andre er avansefokuserte. Avvergingsfokuserte mennesker motiveres til handle slik de må for å unngå en uønsket endesituasjon. Avansefokuserte mennesker er motivert til å handle for å nå en ønsket endesituasjon. Tidligere har det blitt observert at om man ...
  • Sepsis Training in Virtual Reality - A Study on Enhanced Learning 

    Snarby, Siva Konstance (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-21)
    Sepsis is a health condition where the bloodstream is bacterial infected, it affects annually 18 million people around the world. Especially does the illness affect individuals with weaker immune systems. Treating sepsis presents some challenges as it requires rapidly detection and correct treatment. Virtual Reality (VR), which is defined as three-dimensional computer science, presents potential ...
  • Use and non-use values in an applied bioeconomic model of fisheries and habitat connections 

    Armstrong, Claire W.; Vondolia, Godwin Kofi; Aanesen, Margrethe; Kahui, Viktoria; Czajkowski, Mikolaj (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-25)
    In addition to indirect support to fisheries, marine habitats also provide non-use benefits often overlooked in most bioeconomic models. We expand a dynamic bioeconomic fisheries model where presence of natural habitats reduces fishing cost via aggregation effects and provides non-use benefits. The theoretical model is illustrated with an application to cold-water corals in Norway where two fishing ...
  • The Impact of Methane on Microbial Communities at Marine Arctic Gas Hydrate Bearing Sediment 

    Carrier, Vincent; Svenning, Mette Marianne; Gründger, Friederike; Niemann, Helge; Dessandier, Pierre-Antoine; Panieri, Giuliana; Kalenitchenko, Dimitri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-24)
    Cold seeps are characterized by high biomass, which is supported by the microbial oxidation of the available methane by capable microorganisms. The carbon is subsequently transferred to higher trophic levels. South of Svalbard, five geological mounds shaped by the formation of methane gas hydrates, have been recently located. Methane gas seeping activity has been observed on four of them, ...
  • Research gaps and trends in the Arctic tundra: a topic-modelling approach 

    Ancin Murguzur, Francisco Javier; Hausner, Vera Helene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-18)
    Climate change is affecting the biodiversity, ecosystem services and the well-being of people that live in the Arctic tundra. Understanding the societal implications and adapting to these changes depend on knowledge produced by multiple disciplines. We analysed peer-reviewed publications to identify the main research themes relating to the Arctic tundra and assessed to what extent current research ...
  • Prediction of square mesh panel and codend size selectivity of blue whiting based on fish morphology 

    Cuende, Elsa; Arregi, Luis; Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu; Aboitiz, Xabier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-24)
    Square mesh panels (SMPs) are selective devices used extensively to supplement codend size selectivity in trawl fisheries. Therefore, predictions of the effect of mesh size in both SMPs and codends on size selectivity are valuable. Here, we established a framework to predict the size selection of blue whiting through different SMPs and diamond mesh codends based on the morphological characteristics ...
  • MultiSEPT - Full scale tests of the semicircular spreading gear (SCSG) 

    Grimaldo, Eduardo; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Larsen, Roger B.; Tatone, Ivan; Olsen, fredrik (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013-06-24)
    This reportdescribes full scale tests at sea with the semi-circular spreading gear (SCSG). This activity is part of Work Package 3 (WP3: Development of new ground gear) of the MultiSEPT project. The spreading of the SCSG and rockhopper gear was measured by useof MARPORT distance sensors. Bottom contact was monitored by use of SCANMARtrawl sensors and by underwater cameras mounted in the headline ...
  • Sektoranalyse for de marine næringene i Nord-Norge - statusbeskrivelse og fremtidsutsikter 

    Winther, Ulf; Sandberg, Merete Gisvold; Henriksen, Kristian; Olafsen, Trude; Richardsen, Roger; Hognes, Erik Skontorp; Bull-Berg, Heidi; Myhr, Sindre; Sunnanå, Knut; Vik, Lars Harald; Emaus, Per-Arne; Mikkelsen, Eirik; Buanes, Arild; Bye, Geir (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013-05-21)
    Denne rapporten omhandler status og fremtidige muligheter for de marine næringene i Nord-Norge. Det blir pekt på utfordringer og flaskehalser for fremtidig vekst, og virkemidler og tiltak for å kunne realisere veksten. Rapporten er en av flere faglige utredningsrapporter som skal brukes som grunnlag ved den neste oppdateringen av forvaltningsplanen for det marine miljøet i Barentshavet og havområdene ...
  • Integrating dispersal along freshwater ecosystems into species distribution models 

    Perrin, Sam Wenaas; Englund, Göran; Blumentrath, Stefan; O'Hara, Robert Brian; Amundsen, Per-Arne; Finstad, Anders Gravbrøt (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-29)
    <i>Aim</i> - Our ability to model species distributions and abundances is a valuable ecological tool in predicting future distributions of species. Effectively incorporating connectivity into these predictions is crucial; however, many connectivity measures utilize metrics which may not have a direct relation to the dispersal capacity of the species they are attempting to model. The identification ...
  • Effect of mechanical properties of monofilament twines on the catch efficiency of biodegradable gillnets 

    Grimaldo, Eduardo; Herrmann, Bent; Jacques, Nadine; Su, Biao; Vollstad, Jørgen; Su, Biao (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-24)
    Gillnets made of the biodegradable resin polybutylene succinate co-adipate-co-terephthalate were tested under commercial fishing conditions to compare their fishing performance with that of conventional nylon polyamide (PA) gillnets. Both types of gillnets were made of 0.55 mm Ø monofilaments. However, since the biodegradable nets are weaker than nylon PA nets when using the same monofilament diameter, ...
  • Hvordan Asko Nord har tatt i bruk bærekraft 

    Guttormsen, Camilla (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Tema for oppgaven er innføring av bærekraftige praksiser. Formålet er økt innsikt i hvordan en organisasjon i logistikk- og transportbransjen tar i bruk bærekraft. Jeg vil være opptatt av innholdet i ideen og prosessen rundt. Ved å bringe disse sammen kan studien medvirke til økt forståelse av deres sammenheng og hvorfor de formes slik de blir. Å se perspektivene i sammenheng med hverandre i tillegg ...
  • Hva får ansatte til å bli? 

    Potekhina, Ilona (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Frivillig turnover er en kompleks prosess med mange konsekvenser som berører flere aktører. Denne oppgaven ser på frivillig turnover fra arbeidsgivers perspektiv og tar for seg «positiv» side av frivillig turnover, det vil si ønske om å bli værende i en organisasjon. Formålet med oppgaven er å svare på følgende problemstilling: «Hvordan forklarer ansatte sitt ønske om å bli værende i en organisasj ...
  • Hometown Investment Trust funds 

    Enge, Magnus Lyngaas (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    There are different challenges a small- to medium-sized enterprise when they are gathering capital, especially if they carry a lot of risk. The banks have become more stringent because of the Basel Capital Adequacy Requirements, the investors prefer to invest in safer enterprises. Japan has tried to solve this problem by implementing Hometown Investment Trust funds. Hometown Investment Trust funds ...
  • Samskaping av verdi i samiske museer. Hvordan kan den lokale kunden engasjeres til gjentakende besøk? 

    Eira, Marit Kirsten (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-19)
    Utredningen ser på hvordan markedsorientering og tjeneste dominant logikk kan gi positiv forbedring av en organisasjons synlighet i markedet. Dette markedet er ikke slik det var for noen år tilbake, da organisasjoner hadde et vareorientert syn hvor markedet skulle påvirkes. Nye teknologiske løsninger endrer verdensbildet raskere enn tidligere. Tjenestedominant logikk er det nyeste innenfor markedsføring. ...
  • Festivalledelse - Frihet under ansvar og fokus på nettverksarbeid. En kvalitativ studie av Tromsø Internasjonale Filmfestival og Riddu Riđđu Festivála. 

    Løkvoll, Maria Agnete Vatne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Temaet for denne oppgaven er festivalledelse. Jeg gikk åpent inn i oppgaven med hensikt om å få mer innsikt om festivalledelse. For å kunne få mer innsikt valgte jeg å se på to festivaler: Tromsø Internasjonale Filmfestival og Riddu Riđđu Festivála. Festivalene har eksistert i ca. 30 år, og derfor betraktet jeg de som vellykket. I denne oppgaven har jeg valgt å ha en hovedproblemstilling, samt ...
  • Cointegration in the Norwegian Model for Wage Formation. Against the Backdrop of the 2004 EU Expansion and the 2001 Change to Inflation Targeting, Have Wage Levels in the Construction and Wholesale Undersectors Continued to Exhibit a Long-Run Relationship with Wage Levels in the Industry, Public and Private Sectors? 

    Viland, Kristoffer (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    In this thesis, hourly wage rate data spanning 1978-2018 has been collected to investigate if the wage levels in the construction and wholesale sectors follow the wage levels in the industry, public, and private sectors. Against the backdrop of the EU expansion in 2004 and the 2001 implementation of inflation targeting monetary policy, there has been an interest in studying the stability of the ...

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