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  • Towards an Iberian DNA barcode reference library of freshwater macroinvertebrates and fishes 

    Múrria, Cesc; Väisänen, Leif O. S.; Somma, Simona; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; Arnedo, Miquel A.; Prat, Narcís (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Freshwater macroinvertebrates and fishes are focal groups in major ecosystem biomonitoring programs in the Iberian Peninsula. Yet, their use as bioindicators is sometimes constrained by the time and cost needed for sorting macroinvertebrates specimens and their challenging taxonomic identification, and the huge sampling procedures for capturing rare or incipient fish species, respectively. Given the ...
  • Bats as potential suppressors of multiple agricultural pests: A case study from Madagascar 

    Kemp, James; López-Baucells, Adrià; Rocha, Ricardo; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; Andriatafika, Zo; Nair, Abhilash; Cabeza, Mar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-01)
    The conversion of natural habitats to agriculture is one of the main drivers of biotic change. Madagascar is no exception and land-use change, mostly driven by slash-and-burn agriculture, is impacting the island's exceptional biodiversity. Although most species are negatively affected by agricultural expansion, some, such as synanthropic bats, are capable of exploring newly available resources and ...
  • Comparative vegetation survey with focus on cryptogamic covers in the high Arctic along two differing catenas 

    Kern, Ramona; Hotter, Vivien; Frossard, Aline; Albrecht, Martin; Baum, Christel; Tytgat, Bjorn; de Maeyer, Lotte; Velázquez, David; Seppey, Christophe Victor W.; Frey, Beat; Plotze, Michael; Verleyen, Elie; Quesada, Antonio; Svenning, Mette Marianne; Glaser, Karin; Karsten, Ulf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-24)
    Although cryptogamic covers are important ecosystem engineers in high Arctic tundra, they were often neglected in vegetation surveys. Hence we conducted a systematic survey of cryptogamic cover and vascular plant coverage and composition at two representative, but differing Arctic sites (Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard) along catenas with a natural soil moisture gradient, and integrated these data with ...
  • Kinase chemodiversity from the Arctic: the breitfussins 

    Østnes Hansen, Kine; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Bayer, Annette; Pandey, Sunil Kumar; Lorentzen, Marianne; Jørgensen, Kåre Bredeli; Sydnes, Magne Olav; Guttormsen, Yngve; Baumann, Matthias; Koch, Uwe; Klebl, Bert; Eickhoff, Jan; Haug, Bengt Erik; Isaksson, Johan; Hansen, Espen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-24)
    In this work, we demonstrate that the indole-oxazole-pyrrole framework of the breitfussin family of natural products is a promising scaffold for kinase inhibition. Six new halogenated natural products, breitfussin C–H (3 – 8) were isolated and characterized from the Arctic, marine hydrozoan Thuiaria breitfussi. The structures of two of the new natural products were also confirmed by total synthesis. ...
  • Discontinuity in the molecular neuroendocrine response to increasing daylengths in Ile-de-France ewes: Is transient Dio2 induction a key feature of circannual timing? 

    Dardente, Hugues; Lomet, Didier; Chesneau, Didier; Pellicer-Rubio, Maria-Teresa; Hazlerigg, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-24)
    In mammals, melatonin is responsible for the synchronisation of seasonal cycles to the solar year. Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland with a profile reflecting the duration of the night and acts via the pituitary pars tuberalis (PT), which in turn modulates hypothalamic thyroid hormone status via seasonal changes in the production of locally‐acting thyrotrophin. Recently, we demonstrated that, ...
  • Marine fish traits follow fast-slow continuum across oceans 

    Beukhof, Esther; Frelat, Romain; Pecuchet, Laurene; Maureaud, Aurore; Dencker, Tim Spaanheden; Sólmundsson, Jón; Punzón, Antonio; Primicerio, Raul; Hidalgo, Manuel; Möllmann, Christian; Lindegren, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-29)
    A fundamental challenge in ecology is to understand why species are found where they are and predict where they are likely to occur in the future. Trait-based approaches may provide such understanding, because it is the traits and adaptations of species that determine which environments they can inhabit. It is therefore important to identify key traits that determine species distributions and ...
  • Assessing winter pasture quality in Sunnfjord wild reindeer area 

    Slåtsveen, Trine-Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-11-30)
    Winter pastures are bottlenecks for population trends for wild reindeer, and the quality and availability are important parameters when managing populations. Sunnfjord, considered on of the smallest wild reindeer districts in Norway, have never had a comprehensive evaluation of accessible winter pasture within. The aim of study is to assess the quality of winter forage in all tree sub- areas within ...
  • Relationship between carbon- and oxygen-based primary productivity in the Arctic Ocean, svalbard archipelago 

    Sanz-Martín, Marina; Vernet, Maria; Cape, Mattias R.; Cano, Elena M; Delgado-Huertas, Antonio; Reigstad, Marit; Wassmann, Paul; Duarte, Carlos M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-02)
    Phytoplankton contribute half of the primary production (PP) in the biosphere and are the major source of energy for the Arctic Ocean ecosystem. While PP measurements are therefore fundamental to our understanding of marine biogeochemical cycling, the extent to which current methods provide a definitive estimate of this process remains uncertain given differences in their underlying approaches, and ...
  • Effect of Diet Supplemented With Rapeseed Meal or Hydrolysable Tannins on the Growth, Nutrition, and Intestinal Microbiota in Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) 

    Yao, Jianting; Chen, Peng; Ringø, Einar; Zhang, Gaigai; Huang, Zhongyuan; Hua, Xue-Ming (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-25)
    Grass carp (<i>Ctenopharyngodon idellus; n</i> = 320) were received four different diets for 56 days. The experimental diets were: fishmeal (FM) containing 10% fishmeal (without rapeseed meal), and rapeseed meal (RM) containing 50% rapeseed meal (without fishmeal), and two semi-purified diets either without (T0) or with 1.25% (T1) supplemental hydrolysable tannin. The approximate content of tannin ...
  • Activity patterns in mammals: Circadian dominance challenged 

    Hazlerigg, David; Tyler, Nicholas J. C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-15)
    The evidence that diel patterns of physiology and behaviour in mammals are governed by circadian ‘clocks’ is based almost entirely on studies of nocturnal rodents. The emergent circadian paradigm, however, neglects the roles of energy metabolism and alimentary function (feeding and digestion) as determinants of activity pattern. The temporal control of activity varies widely across taxa, and ungulates, ...
  • Seroprevalence of pestivirus in Eurasian tundra reindeer in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Russian Federation 

    Omazic, Anna; Aurosell, Caroline; Fedorov, Valery; Hagström, Åsa; Kantanen, Juha; Leijon, Mikael; Mørk, Torill; Nordtun, Christine S.; Nymo, Ingebjørg Helena; Þórisson, Skarphéðinn G.; Reilas, Tiina; Rockström, Urlika; Sanchez Romano, Javier; Thorarinsdóttir, Rán; Wensman, Jonas Johansson; Albihn, Ann (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-29)
    Reindeer herding is of great importance for the indigenous people of the Fennoscandia peninsula and northern Russia. There are also free-ranging feral populations of reindeer in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Russian Federation. The genus Pestivirus contains several viral species that infect ungulates and often show capacity to transmit between different host species. Sera from 520 Eurasian tundra ...
  • Evidence of seawater drinking in fasting subadult hooded seals (Cystophora cristata) 

    Iraizoz, Fernando Alvira; Nordøy, Erling Sverre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-29)
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the total water turnover rate of fasting subadult hooded seals in order to elucidate to what extent these animals rely in seawater drinking/mariposia at this life stage. Considering mariposia is important for later accurate estimations of food consumption using water turnover rate as a proxy. Five subadult hooded seals were kept fasting for 4 days in a ...
  • Dypvannsrunddorg – Potensial for effektivt nytt redskap for den norske kystflåten 

    Nordheim, Torgeir (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-02-15)
    I denne oppgaven vil jeg presentere utviklingsprosessen av og mulighetene for et nytt redskap for kyst- og fjordflåten, dypvannsrunddorg. Dypvannsrunddorgen som redskap er basert på den tradisjonelle runddorgen. Forskjellen er at med en dypvannsrunddorg kan en styre dybden fritt og dermed ha bedre tilgang til fisk som står dypt. Systemet muliggjør også at en kan benytte større bruk sammenlignet med ...
  • “All along the curves”: Bridging the gap between comparative statics and simultaneous econometric models 

    Brækkan, Eivind Hestvik; Myrland, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-31)
    A simultaneous econometric model of supply and demand provides estimates of own-price effects and the effect of exogenous variables on supply or demand. Most of the time economists use elasticities derived from econometric analysis in a ceteris paribus context, more seldom in a total elasticity setting (Buse in J Farm Econ 40:881–891, 1958). Perhaps even more seldom net effects of exogenous changes ...
  • Middle managers' roles after a hospital merger 

    Solstad, Elsa; Petterson, Inger Johanne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-09)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Mergers are important and challenging elements in hospital reforms. The authors study the social aspects of management and the roles of middle managers in the aftermath of a hospital merger. Especially, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how professional staff and middle managers perceive their relationships with top managers several years after the merger.<p><p> <i> ...
  • Sedimentary ancient DNA: Exploring methods of ancient DNA analysis for different taxonomic groups 

    Lammers, Youri (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-02-28)
    This thesis explores the potential of sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) from lakes as a tool for studying past communities. First it sets out to determine what taxa in the environment are most likely to be detected in lake sediments. For this, vegetation surveys were carried out around eleven different lakes in Norway and the taxa detected based on plant metabarcoding of the lake sediments were ...
  • Self-presentation via electronic word of mouth - a reflective or impulsive activity? 

    Wien, Anders Hauge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-12)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Previous research suggests that self-presentation causes people to have a reflective tendency to produce electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM). Drawing on the theory of the reflective-impulsive model (RIM), this paper aims to examine whether self-presentation also could motivate an impulsive tendency to produce eWOM. Self-monitoring is suggested as a possible moderator in the relationship ...
  • Women entrepreneurship in STEM fields: literature review and future research avenues 

    Pogessi, Sara; Mari, Michela; De Vita, Luisa; Foss, Lene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-10)
    The aim of the paper is to explore the published management research on women entrepreneurs in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (also known as STEM) fields in order to offer a first, comprehensive state-of-the-art of this research. In doing so, a systematic literature review (SLR) of 32 papers has been undertaken. The results of this SLR show that the literature on this topic is still ...
  • Sinking Organic Particles in the Ocean—Flux Estimates From in situ Optical Devices 

    Giering, Sarah LC; Cavan, Emma L; Basedow, Sünnje Linnéa; Briggs, Nathan; Burd, Adrian B; Darroch, Louise J; Guidi, Lionel; Irrison, Jean-Olivier; Iversen, Morten H; Kiko, Rainer; Lindsay, Dhugal J.; Marcolin, Catarina R; McDonell, Andrew MP; Möller, Klas O.; Passow, Uta; Thomalla, Sandy; Trull, Thomas W.; Waite, Anya M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-18)
    Optical particle measurements are emerging as an important technique for understanding the ocean carbon cycle, including contributions to estimates of their downward flux, which sequesters carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) in the deep sea. Optical instruments can be used from ships or installed on autonomous platforms, delivering much greater spatial and temporal coverage of particles in the mesopelagic ...
  • Sjarkfiske og ressursforvaltning 

    Maurstad, Anita (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 1997-11-07)
    <p>Med utgangspunkt i feltarbeid fra fiskevær i Troms, samt intervjuer med flere fiskere i Troms og Finnmark, drøfter jeg det nordnorske sjarkfisket i lys av to motstridende teorier om ressurshøsting og -regulering. Den ene sier at små enheter er mer ressursvennlige enn store. I småskalaproduksjon finnes innebygde begrensninger i produksjonsmåten, dels fordi vi står ovenfor husholdsbasert produksjon ...

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