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  • Sedimentary ancient DNA: Exploring methods of ancient DNA analysis for different taxonomic groups 

    Lammers, Youri (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2020-02-28)
    This thesis explores the potential of sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) from lakes as a tool for studying past communities. First it sets out to determine what taxa in the environment are most likely to be detected in lake sediments. For this, vegetation surveys were carried out around eleven different lakes in Norway and the taxa detected based on plant metabarcoding of the lake sediments were ...
  • Self-presentation via electronic word of mouth - a reflective or impulsive activity? 

    Wien, Anders Hauge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-12)
    <i>Purpose</i> - Previous research suggests that self-presentation causes people to have a reflective tendency to produce electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM). Drawing on the theory of the reflective-impulsive model (RIM), this paper aims to examine whether self-presentation also could motivate an impulsive tendency to produce eWOM. Self-monitoring is suggested as a possible moderator in the relationship ...
  • Women entrepreneurship in STEM fields: literature review and future research avenues 

    Pogessi, Sara; Mari, Michela; De Vita, Luisa; Foss, Lene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-10)
    The aim of the paper is to explore the published management research on women entrepreneurs in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (also known as STEM) fields in order to offer a first, comprehensive state-of-the-art of this research. In doing so, a systematic literature review (SLR) of 32 papers has been undertaken. The results of this SLR show that the literature on this topic is still ...
  • Sinking Organic Particles in the Ocean—Flux Estimates From in situ Optical Devices 

    Giering, Sarah LC; Cavan, Emma L; Basedow, Sünnje Linnéa; Briggs, Nathan; Burd, Adrian B; Darroch, Louise J; Guidi, Lionel; Irrison, Jean-Olivier; Iversen, Morten H; Kiko, Rainer; Lindsay, Dhugal J.; Marcolin, Catarina R; McDonell, Andrew MP; Möller, Klas O.; Passow, Uta; Thomalla, Sandy; Trull, Thomas W.; Waite, Anya M (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-18)
    Optical particle measurements are emerging as an important technique for understanding the ocean carbon cycle, including contributions to estimates of their downward flux, which sequesters carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) in the deep sea. Optical instruments can be used from ships or installed on autonomous platforms, delivering much greater spatial and temporal coverage of particles in the mesopelagic ...
  • Sjarkfiske og ressursforvaltning 

    Maurstad, Anita (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 1997-11-07)
    <p>Med utgangspunkt i feltarbeid fra fiskevær i Troms, samt intervjuer med flere fiskere i Troms og Finnmark, drøfter jeg det nordnorske sjarkfisket i lys av to motstridende teorier om ressurshøsting og -regulering. Den ene sier at små enheter er mer ressursvennlige enn store. I småskalaproduksjon finnes innebygde begrensninger i produksjonsmåten, dels fordi vi står ovenfor husholdsbasert produksjon ...
  • Optimizing rearing and welfare in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalesensis) broodstock: Effect of ambient light intensity and handling time on stress response 

    Figueiredo, Filipe; Aragão, Cláudia; Pinto, Wilson; Dinis, Maria Teresa; Oliveira, Catarina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-09-25)
    Broodstock rearing conditions and handling procedures should be optimized in aquaculture species in order to benefit fish welfare and guarantee optimal conditions for spawning. In teleosts, basal cortisol levels display daily rhythms, oscillating along the 24 h of the day. In this sense, handling fish at different moments of the day may lead to different stress responses. The present study aimed at ...
  • Facilitation mediates species presence beyond their environmental optimum 

    O'Brien, Michael J; de Menezes, Luis Fernando Tavares; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Losapio, Gianalberto; Pugnaire, Francisco I. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-01)
    Species distributions are driven by abiotic conditions that filter species with specific traits and physiological tolerances and match them with their suitable environment. Plant–plant interactions can constrict (through competition) or loosen (through facilitation) the strength of these environmental filters, which in turn inhibit or enhance establishment and recruitment of plant species at a finer ...
  • Behavior and thermal environment of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the North Pacific Ocean, elucidated from pop-up satellite archival tags 

    Courtney, Michael B.; Evans, Mark D.; Strøm, John Fredrik; Rikardsen, Audun H.; Seitz, Andrew C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-22)
    Chinook salmon are widely distributed in offshore waters of the North Pacific Ocean, and of great economical and subsistence importance; however, little is known about their oceanic ecology. To address this, we tagged 43 Chinook salmon <i>Oncorhynchus tshawytscha</i> (57–100 cm) with pop-up satellite archival tags (PSATs) in the eastern (October– December) and central Bering Sea (August) to provide ...
  • East is East and West is West: Population genomics and hierarchical analyses reveal genetic structure and adaptation footprints in the keystone species Paracentrotus lividus (Echinoidea) 

    Carreras, Carlos; García-Cisneros, Alex; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; Ordóñez, Victor; Palacín, Creu; Pascual, Marta; Turon, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-14)
    <i>Aim</i> - The Atlanto‐Mediterranean edible purple sea urchin, <i>Paracentrotus lividus</i>, is a commercially exploited keystone species in benthic communities. Its browsing activity can deeply modify the littoral landscape, and changes in its abundance are of major conservation concern. This species is facing nowadays contrasting anthropogenic pressures linked to predator release, exploitation ...
  • Bridging different perspectives for biocultural conservation: art-based participatory research on native maize conservation in two indigenous farming communities in Oaxaca, Mexico 

    López, Flor Rivera; Wickson, Fern; Hausner, Vera Helen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-21)
    Native maize conservation rests on the custody of traditional and indigenous small-scale farmers, but their traditional practices and way of life are challenged by multiple forces associated with globalization, international trade and neoliberal agricultural policies. Through participatory art-based research with two indigenous communities in Oaxaca, Mexico, we identified the main challenges and ...
  • Contrasting changes in space use induced by climate change in two Arctic marine mammal species 

    Hamilton, Charmain Danielle; Vacquie-Garcia, Jade; Kovacs, Kit M.; Ims, Rolf Anker; Kohler, Jack; Lydersen, Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-06)
    Global warming is inducing major environmental changes in the Arctic. These changes will differentially affect species owing to differences in climate sensitivity and behavioural plasticity. Arctic endemic marine mammals are expected to be impacted significantly by ongoing changes in their key habitats owing to their long life cycles and dependence on ice. Herein, unique biotelemetry datasets for ...
  • Marine trophic niche-use and life history diversity among Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus in southwestern Greenland 

    Davidsen, Jan Grimsrud; Power, Michael; Knudsen, Rune; Sjursen, Aslak Darre; Rønning, Lars; Kjærstad, Gaute; Arnekleiv, Jo Vegar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-22)
    Life history strategies and potential marine niche use of Arctic charr <i>Salvelinus alpinus</i> (<i>n</i> = 237, 84–652 mm, total body length, <i>L<sub>T</sub></i>) were determined during the ice‐free season (2012) at three different watercourses in south‐western Greenland. All Arctic charr were collected from freshwater habitats. Based on stable isotopes of δ<sup>34</sup>S, the Arctic charr were ...
  • Introduction of Mysis relicta (Mysida) reduces niche segregation between deep-water Arctic charr morphs 

    Knudsen, Rune; Eloranta, Antti; Siwertsson, Anna; Paterson, Rachel A.; Power, Michael; Sandlund, Odd Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-26)
    Niche diversification of polymorphic Arctic charr can be altered by multiple anthropogenic stressors. The opossum-shrimp (<i>Mysis relicta</i>) was introduced to compensate for reduced food resources for fish following hydropower operations in Lake Limingen, central Norway. Based on habitat use, stomach contents, stable isotopes (δ<sup>13</sup>C, δ<sup>15</sup>N) and trophically transmitted parasites, ...
  • Adding an Ethical and Spiritual Dimension to Sustainable Business Models 

    Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-06)
    This conceptual paper argues for the explicit inclusion of the inherent ethical and spiritual dimensions of sustainability in approaches to business models. The main characteristics of literature on sustainable business models are reviewed. Based on some of the main tenets of ecofeminism and Buddhism, it is observed that some important aspects of sustainability’s ethical and spiritual dimensions in ...
  • Contrasting patterns in trophic niche evolution of polymorphic Arctic charr populations in two subarctic Norwegian lakes 

    Moccetti, Paolo Maria; Siwertsson, Anna; Kjær, Runar; Amundsen, Per-Arne; Præbel, Kim; Tamayo, Ana-Maria Peris; Power, Michael; Knudsen, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-15)
    Parallelism in trophic niches of polymorphic populations of Arctic charr was investigated in two similar subarctic lakes, Tårnvatn and Skøvatn, in northern Norway. Analysis of eleven microsatellite loci confirmed, respectively, the existence of three and two genetically differentiated morphs. Three methods were used to describe their trophic niches: habitat choice and stomach contents for the recent ...
  • Exploring trophic niches and parasite communities of sympatric Arctic charr and brown trout populations of southern Norway 

    Paterson, Rachel Anne; Nefjodova, Jelena; Salis, Romana; Knudsen, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-09)
    Catchment-scale variation between lake habitats has the potential to simultaneously influence the trophic niche and parasite community of fish hosts. In this study, we investigated the trophic niche and parasite community of sympatric Arctic charr and brown trout populations from two inter-connected southern Norwegian lakes at different altitudes. Arctic charr and brown trout occupied profundal and ...
  • From clear lakes to murky waters – tracing the functional response of high-latitude lake communities to concurrent ‘greening’ and ‘browning’ 

    Hayden, B.; Harrod, C.; Thomas, S.M.; Eloranta, Antti; Myllykangas, J.‐P.; Siwertsson, Anna; Præbel, Kim; Knudsen, Rune; Amundsen, Per-Arne; Kahilainen, Kimmo Kalevi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-21)
    Climate change and the intensification of land use practices are causing widespread eutrophication of subarctic lakes. The implications of this rapid change for lake ecosystem function remain poorly understood. To assess how freshwater communities respond to such profound changes in their habitat and resource availability, we conducted a space‐for‐time analysis of food‐web structure in 30 lakes ...
  • Simulating more realistic predation threat using attack playbacks 

    Watve, Mukta; Prati, Sebastian; Taborsky, Barbara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-12-19)
    Use of virtual proxies of live animals are rapidly gaining ground in studies of animal behaviour. Such proxies help to reduce the number of live experimental animals needed to stimulate the behaviour of experimental individuals and to increase standardisation. However, using too simplistic proxies may fail to induce a desired effect and/or lead to quick habituation. For instance, in a predation ...
  • Participatory planning and decision support for ecosystem based fisheries management of the west coast of Scotland 

    Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Baudron, Alan; Fallon, Niall G.; Fernandes, Paul G.; Rahikainen, Mika; Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-14)
    Mixed fisheries and the marine ecosystems that sustain them are complex entities and involve multiple and potentially conflicting management objectives and stakeholder interests. The presence of multiple trade-offs complicates the identification of strategies that satisfy various policy requirements while being acceptable to affected stakeholder groups. This creates a demand for tools and processes ...
  • Steps to unlocking ecosystem based fisheries management: Towards displaying the N dimensional potato 

    Pope, John; Hegland, Troels Jacob; Ballesteros, Marta; Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Mika, Rahikainen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-28)
    Any ecosystem based fisheries management system is necessarily faced with the problem of multiple objectives that trade-off against one another. Typically, objectives such as the maximization of yield, employment or profit or minimizing environmental impacts will be optimized in different parts of the decision space, which is formed of the fishing mortality rates that can be applied to the various ...

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