Recent additions

  • Modeling silicate–nitrate–ammonium co-limitation of algal growth and the importance of bacterial remineralization based on an experimental Arctic coastal spring bloom culture study 

    Vonnahme, Tobias; Leroy, Martial; Thoms, Silke; van Oevelen, Dick; Harvey, Rodger; Kristiansen, Svein; Gradinger, Rolf; Dietrich, Ulrike; Völker, Christoph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-11)
    Arctic coastal ecosystems are rapidly changing due to climate warming. This makes modeling their productivity crucially important to better understand future changes. System primary production in these systems is highest during the pronounced spring bloom, typically dominated by diatoms. Eventually the spring blooms terminate due to silicon or nitrogen limitation. Bacteria can play an important role ...
  • Terrestrial Inputs Shape Coastal Bacterial and Archaeal Communities in a High Arctic Fjord (Isfjorden, Svalbard) 

    Delpech, Lisa-Marie; Vonnahme, Tobias; Mcgovern, Maeve; Gradinger, Rolf; Præbel, Kim; Poste, Amanda (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-26)
    The Arctic is experiencing dramatic changes including increases in precipitation, glacial melt, and permafrost thaw, resulting in increasing freshwater runoff to coastal waters. During the melt season, terrestrial runoff delivers carbon- and nutrient-rich freshwater to Arctic coastal waters, with unknown consequences for the microbial communities that play a key role in determining the cycling and ...
  • Analysis across diverse fish species highlights no conserved transcriptome signature for proactive behaviour 

    Rey, Sonia; Jin, Xingkun; Damsgård, Børge; Bégout, Marie-Laure; MacKenzie, Simon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-07)
    <p>Background: Consistent individual differences in behaviour, known as animal personalities, have been demonstrated within and across species. In fish, studies applying an animal personality approach have been used to resolve variation in physiological and molecular data suggesting a linkage, genotype-phenotype, between behaviour and transcriptome regulation. In this study, using three fish species ...
  • Influence of Arctic light conditions on crop production and quality 

    Mølmann, Jørgen A; Dalmannsdottir, Sigridur; Hykkerud, Anne Linn; Hytönen, Timo; Samkumar, Amos; Jaakola, Laura (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-10)
    The natural light conditions above the Arctic Circle are unique in terms of annual variation creating special growth conditions for crop production. These include low solar elevations, very long daily photosynthetic light periods, midnight sun/absence of dark nights, and altered spectral distribution depending on solar elevation. All these factors are known to affect the growth and the metabolism ...
  • Widely rhythmic transcriptome in Calanus finmarchicus during the high Arctic summer solstice period 

    Payton, Laura; Hüppe, Lukas; Noirot, Celine; Hoede, Claire; Last, Kim; Wilcockson, David; Ershova, Elizaveta; Valière, Sophie; Meyer, Bettina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-10)
    Solar light/dark cycles and seasonal photoperiods underpin daily and annual rhythms of life on Earth. Yet, the Arctic is characterized by several months of permanent illumination (“midnight sun”). To determine the persistence of 24h rhythms during the midnight sun, we investigated transcriptomic dynamics in the copepod <i>Calanus finmarchicus</i> during the summer solstice period in the Arctic, with ...
  • Quantifying the consequence of applying conservative assumptions in the assessment of oil spill effects on polar cod (Boreogadus saida) populations 

    de Vries, Pepjin; Tamis, Jacqueline; Nahrgang, Jasmine; Frantzen, Marianne; Jak, Robbert; Klok, Chris; van den Heuvel-Greve, Martine J; Hemerik, Lia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-23)
    In order to assess the potential impact from oil spills and decide the optimal response actions, prediction of population level effects of key resources is crucial. These assessments are usually based on acute toxicity data combined with precautionary assumptions because chronic data are often lacking. To better understand the consequences of applying precautionary approaches, two approaches for ...
  • Body Temperature and Activity Rhythms Under Different Photoperiods in High Arctic Svalbard ptarmigan (Lagopus muta hyperborea) 

    Appenroth, Daniel; Nord, Andreas; Hazlerigg, David; Wagner, Gabriela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-08)
    Organisms use circadian rhythms to anticipate and exploit daily environmental oscillations. While circadian rhythms are of clear importance for inhabitants of tropic and temperate latitudes, its role for permanent residents of the polar regions is less well understood. The high Arctic Svalbard ptarmigan shows behavioral rhythmicity in presence of light-dark cycles but is arrhythmic during the polar ...
  • Site-specific responses of fungal and bacterial abundances to experimental warming in litter and soil across arctic and alpine tundra 

    Jeanbille, Mathilde; Clemmensen, Karina E; Juhanson, Jaanis; Michelsen, Anders; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Henry, Greg H.R.; Hofgaard, Annika; Hollister, Robert D.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala; Klanderud, Kari; Tolvanen, Anne; Hallin, Sara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-01)
    Vegetation change of the Arctic tundra due to global warming is a well-known process, but the implication for the belowground microbial communities, key in nutrient cycling and decomposition, is poorly understood. We characterized the fungal and bacterial abundances in litter and soil layers across 16 warming experimental sites at 12 circumpolar locations. We investigated the relationship between ...
  • The hidden influence of large particles on ocean colour 

    Davies, Emlyn John; Basedow, Sünnje Linnéa; McKee, David (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-17)
    Optical constituents in the ocean are often categorized as water, phytoplankton, sediments and dissolved matter. However, the optical properties of seawater are influenced, to some degree, by scattering and absorption by all particles in the water column. Here we assess the relevant size ranges for determining the optical properties of the ocean. We present a theoretical basis supporting the hypothesis ...
  • Redefining the oceanic distribution of Atlantic salmon 

    Rikardsen, Audun H.; Righton, David; Strøm, John Fredrik; Thorstad, Eva Bonsak; Gargan, Patrick G.; Sheehan, Timothy F.; Økland, Finn; Chittenden, Cedar; Hedger, Richard David; Næsje, Tor; Renkawitz, Mark; Sturlaugsson, Johannes; Caballero, Pablo; Baktoft, Henrik; Davidsen, Jan Grimsrud; Halttunen, Elina; Wright, Serena; Finstad, Bengt; Aarestrup, Kim (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-10)
    Determining the mechanisms driving range-wide reductions in Atlantic salmon marine survival is hindered by an insufcient understanding of their oceanic ecology and distribution. We attached 204 pop-up satellite archival tags to post-spawned salmon when they migrated to the ocean from seven European areas and maiden North American salmon captured at sea at West Greenland. Individuals migrated ...
  • Early spring subglacial discharge plumes fuel under-ice primary production at a Svalbard tidewater glacier 

    Vonnahme, Tobias; Persson, Emma; Dietrich, Ulrike; Hejdukova, Eva; Dybwad, Christine; Elster, Josef; Chierici, Melissa; Gradinger, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-04-27)
    Subglacial upwelling of nutrient-rich bottom water is known to sustain elevated summer primary production in tidewater-glacier-influenced fjord systems. However, the importance of subglacial upwelling during the early spring season has not been considered yet. We hypothesized that subglacial discharge under sea ice is present in early spring and that its flux is sufficient to increase phytoplankton ...
  • Dense mesopelagic sound scattering layer and vertical segregation of pelagic organisms at the Arctic-Atlantic gateway during the midnight sun 

    Priou, Pierre; Nikolopoulos, Anna; Flores, Hauke; Gradinger, Rolf; Kunisch, Eirin; Katlein, Christian; Castellani, Giulia; Linders, Torsten Theodor; Berge, Jørgen; Fisher, Jonathan A.D.; Geoffroy, Maxime (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-05-18)
    Changes in vertical and spatial distributions of zooplankton and small pelagic fish impact the biological carbon pump and the distribution of larger piscivorous fish and marine mammal species. However, their distribution and abundance remain poorly documented at high latitudes because of the difficulties inherent to sampling relatively fast-moving organisms in ice-covered waters. This study documents ...
  • Summer and winter MgCO3 levels in the skeletons of Arctic bryozoans 

    Iglikowska, Anna; Krzemińska, Małgorzata; Renaud, Paul Eric; Berge, Jørgen; Hop, Haakon; Kuklinski, Piotr (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-02)
    <p>In the Arctic, seasonal patterns in seawater biochemical conditions are shaped by physical, chemical, and biological processes related to the alternation of seasons, i.e. winter polar night and summer midnight sun. In summertime, CO<sub>2</sub> concentration is driven by photosynthetic activity of autotrophs which raises seawater pH and carbonate saturation state (Ω). In addition, restriction of ...
  • Caligus elongatus and other sea lice of the genus Caligus as parasites of farmed salmonids: A review 

    Hemmingsen, Willy; MacKenzie, Ken; Sagerup, Kjetil; Remen, Mette; Bloch-Hansen, Karin; Imsland, Albert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-02-24)
    This review was prompted by reports of unusually large numbers of sea lice tentatively identified as <i>Caligus elongatus</i> infesting farmed salmon in northern Norway. Following a brief introduction to the sea lice problem in salmonid aquaculture, the review is divided into a further eight sections. The first is a review of existing information on the life cycle and behaviour of <i>Caligus</i> ...
  • Let it glow! Adapting a method to detect microplastics in snow and evaluate the potential for long-range transport 

    Stürzinger, Vegard (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-31)
    Harmonization of methods in microplastics research is lacking; this is affecting the comparability of results and hindering reproducibility. Investigating microplastics in snow is a relatively new field of research, and it can be used to answer questions about long-range atmospheric transport of microplastics. In this thesis, snow sampling methods were combined with the dye, Nile Red, to develop a ...
  • Spring sea ice algal development in the sub-Arctic Ramfjorden, northern Norway 

    Persson, Emma (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    The seasonal development of sea ice algae and bacteria was investigated in Ramfjorden, Norway, from February to April 2019 and compared to data from two Arctic fjords, Van Mijenfjorden and Billefjorden, sampled in April 2019. The sea ice in Ramfjorden was heavily freshwater influenced with bulk salinities ranging from 0.0 to 2.8, similar to those found in freshwater influenced Baltic Sea ice. The ...
  • Fecundity and egg size in anadromous brown trout Salmo trutta 

    Rinaldo, Adrian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-31)
    Historically, anadromous salmonids provided a necessary provisioning service for Norwegian coastal settlements that has transitioned into the socio-cultural service that they provide today. Over the past decades, human impact has caused anadromous salmonid populations to decline. A recent assessment found many Norwegian sea trout populations to be in poor condition. Reference point management has ...
  • Linking methane fluxes and oxidation rates to methane oxidizing bacteria in an Arctic terrestrial methane seep, Svalbard 

    Nagel, Franziska (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-29)
    Global warming has especially detrimental effects on Arctic regions. One major issue is permafrost thaw and sub-permafrost methane escape via surface seeps. While the mitigation potential of methane-consuming bacteria on marine pingo-like methane seeps is well described, terrestrial methane seeps are still understudied. Recently, open system pingos have gained attention as terrestrial methane seeps. ...
  • Hibernation in European Hamsters (Cricetus crisetus): An assessment of brain permeability during torpor-arousal cycling 

    Markussen, Fredrik Andreas Fasth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-05-22)
    Hibernation is a physiological and behavioural adaptation that permits survival during seasonal periods of energy shortage via a combination of pre-hibernal energy storage and hibernal metabolic depression, i.e. torpor. The central mechanisms in the brain that control torpor expression and arousal from it has been under investigation since the dawn of hibernation research but remains unknown. Recent ...
  • Arctic coastal benthos long-term responses to perturbations under climate warming: Climate change impact on Arctic benthos 

    Keck, Amalia; Kortsch, Susanne; Bluhm, Bodil; Beuchel, frank; Gulliksen, Bjørn; Ballantine, Carl; Cristini, Domiziana; Primicerio, Raul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-31)
    <p>Climate warming influences structure and function of Arctic benthic ecosystems. Assessing the response of these systems to perturbations requires long-term studies addressing key ecological processes related to recolonization and succession of species. Based on unique time-series (1980–2017), this study addresses successional patterns of hard-bottom benthos in two fjords in NW Svalbard after a ...

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