• Adjuvant activity of fish type I interferon shown in a virus DNA vaccination model 

      Chang, Chia Jung; Sun, Baojian; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-09)
      There is a need for more efficient vaccines to combat viral diseases of Atlantic salmon and other farmed fish. DNA vaccines are highly effective against salmonid rhabdoviruses, but have shown less effect against other viruses. In the present work we have studied if type I IFNs might be used as adjuvants in fish DNA vaccines. For this purpose we chose a DNA vaccine model based on the hemagglutin ...
    • Adjuvants and immunostimulants in fish vaccines: Current knowledge and future perspectives. 

      Tafalla, C; Bøgwald, Jarl; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Vaccination is the most adequate method to control infectious diseases that threaten the aquaculture industry worldwide. Unfortunately, vaccines are usually not able to confer protection on their own; especially those vaccines based on recombinant antigens or inactivated pathogens. Therefore, the use of adjuvants or immunostimulants is often necessary to increase the vaccine efficacy. Traditional ...
    • Advection-diffusion models of spiny lobster Palinurus gilchristi migrations for use in spatial fisheries management 

      Santos, Jorge; Rouillard, Denis; Groeneveld, Johan C. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-02-17)
    • Aldri mer 18. april! 

      Finstad, Bjørn-Petter; Holm, Petter (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2013-04-18)
      Den 18. april 1989 er et viktig vendepunkt i norsk fiskerihistorie. Det var den dagen Fiskeridepartementet stoppet kystflåtens fiske etter torsk nord for 62. breddegrad - midt i den tradisjonelle sesongen. Reaksjonene lot ikke vente på seg. Historiens første totalforbud mot å fiske torsk var “et sjokk til dyp ettertanke”, het det i Fiskeribladet.
    • Analysis of bacterial diversity in the intestine of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) based on 16S rDNA gene sequences 

      Ringø, Einar; Han, A; Liu, Yuchan; Zhou, Zhigang; He, Suxu; Cao, Yanan; Bin, Yao (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    • Anti-Cancer Potential of Homemade Fresh Garlic Extract Is Related to Increased Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress 

      Petrovic, Voin; Nepal, Anala; Olaisen, Camilla; Bachke, Siri; Hira, Jonathan; Søgaard, Caroline Krogh; Røst, Lisa Marie; Misund, Kristine; Andreassen, Trygve; Melø, Torun Margareta; Bartosova, Zdenka; Bruheim, Per; Otterlei, Marit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-05)
      The use of garlic and garlic-based extracts has been linked to decreased incidence of cancer in epidemiological studies. Here we examine the molecular and cellular activities of a simple homemade ethanol-based garlic extract (GE). We show that GE inhibits growth of several different cancer cells in vitro, as well as cancer growth in vivo in a syngeneic orthotopic breast cancer model. Multiple myeloma ...
    • Anti-infectious and anti-inflammatory effects of peptide fragments sequentially derived from the antimicrobial peptide centrocin 1 isolated from the green sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis 

      Bjørn, Camilla; Håkansson, Joakim; Myhrman, Emma; Sjøstrand, Veronika; Haug, Tor; Lindgren, Kerstin; Blencke, Hans-Matti; Stensvåg, Klara; Mahlapuu, Margit (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Bacterial resistance against antibiotic treatment has become a major threat to public health. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have emerged as promising alternative agents for treatment of infectious diseases. This study characterizes novel synthetic peptides sequentially derived from the AMP centrocin 1, isolated from the green sea urchin, for their applicability as anti-infective agents.The microbicidal ...
    • Anti-Infective Effect of Adhesive Probiotic Lactobacillus in Fish is Correlated with Their Spatial Distribution in the Intestinal Tissue 

      He, Suxu; Ran, Chao; Qin, Chubin; Li, Shuning; Zhang, Hongling; de Vos, Willem M.; Ringø, Einar; Zhou, Zhigang (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-16)
      In this study, we tested the distribution of 49 Lactobacillus strains in the mucus and mucosa of the intestine tissue of zebrafish. We observed a progressive change in the spatial distribution of Lactobacillus strains, and suggested a division of the strains into three classes: mucus type (>70% in mucus), mucosa type (>70% in mucosa) and hybrid type (others). The hybrid type strains were more efficient ...
    • Antigen dose and humoral immune response correspond with protection for inactivated infectious pancreatic necrosis virus vaccines in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L) 

      Munang'andu, Hetron Mweemba; Fredriksen, Børge Nilsen; Mutoloki, Stephen; Dalmo, Roy Ambli; Evensen, Øystein (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      An enduring challenge in the vaccinology of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is the lack of correlation between neutralizing antibodies and protection against mortality. To better understand the immunological basis of vaccine protection, an efficacy trial including Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) vaccinated with a high antigen (HiAg) or low antigen (LoAg) dose vaccine was carried out ...
    • Antimicrobial peptides in echinoderm host defense 

      Li, Chun; Blencke, Hans-Matti; Haug, Tor; Stensvåg, Klara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-06)
      Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important effector molecules in innate immunity. Here we briefly summarize characteristic traits of AMPs and their mechanisms of antimicrobial activity. Echinoderms live in a microbe-rich marine environment and are known to express a wide range of AMPs. We address two novel AMP families from coelomocytes of sea urchins: cysteine-rich AMPs (strongylocins) and ...
    • Antimicrobial Peptides in Echinoderms 

      Li, Chun; Haug, Tor; Stensvåg, Klara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)
    • Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities in Extracts from Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Blubber 

      Walquist, Mari; Stormo, Svein Kristian; Jensen, Ida-Johanne; Østerud, Bjarne; Eilertsen, Karl-Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-08)
      Intake of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-n3-PUFA) is commonly recognized to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD). In previous studies, cold-pressed whale oil (CWO) and cod liver oil (CLO) were given as a dietary supplement to healthy volunteers. Even though CWO contains less than half the amount of LC-n3-PUFA of CLO, CWO supplement resulted in beneficial effects on anti-inflammatory ...
    • Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Barettin 

      Lind, Karianne Fredenfeldt; Hansen, Espen; Østerud, Bjarne; Eilertsen, Karl-Erik; Bayer, Annette; Engqvist, Stig Olov Magnus; Leszczak, Kinga; Jørgensen, Trond Ø.; Andersen, Jeanette hammer (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      In this paper, we present novel bioactivity for barettin isolated from the marine sponge Geodia barretti. We found that barettin showed strong antioxidant activity in biochemical assays as well as in a lipid peroxidation cell assay. A de-brominated synthetic analogue of barettin did not show the same activity in the antioxidant cell assay, indicating that bromine is important for cellular activity. ...
    • Application of Entropy and Fractal Dimension Analyses to the Pattern Recognition of Contaminated Fish Responses in Aquaculture 

      Eguiraun, Harkaitz; Lopez-De-Ipina, Karmele; Martinez, iciar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Are non-monetary payment modes more uncertain for stated preference elicitation in developing countries? 

      Vondolia, Godwin Kofi; Navrud, Ståle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-09)
      An increasing number of stated preference studies adopt both monetary and non-monetary payment modes to elicit preferences for goods and services in developing and transition countries. The extent to which these alternative payment modes approximate the underlying human preferences for these goods and services is poorly understood. The circumstances under which monetary and non-monetary welfare ...
    • Aspects of the life history of the Atlantic poacher, Leptagonus decagonus, in Svalbard waters 

      Heggland, Kristin N.; Ottesen, Camilla; Berge, Jørgen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-25)
      The aim of the study is to describe aspects of the life history of the Atlantic poacher (Leptagonus decagonus) obtained during early October 2010 and late September 2011 from the Hinlopen Strait, located between Nordaustlandet and the Spitsbergen Archipelago. Length was measured for 142 individuals, and 82 out of these were weighed, sexed and the age in years determined. The sex distribution in the ...
    • Assessing the added value of the recent declaration on unregulated fishing for sustainable governance of the central Arctic Ocean 

      Shephard, Grace Elizabeth; Dalen, Kari; Peldszus, Regina; Aparicio, Sara; Beumer, Larissa; Birkeland, Roger; Gkikas, Nikolaos; Kourantidou, Melina; Ktenas, Panagiotis; Linde, Peter Wilhelm; Marazzi, Francesco; Pincinato, Ruth Beatriz Mezzalira; Radianti, Jaziar; Schartmüller, Bernhard; Stübner, Eike Ingrid; Varnajot, Alix; Vullierme, Magali; Zhilina, Irina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-21)
      The ‘Declaration concerning the prevention of unregulated high seas fishing in the central Arctic Ocean’ signed by the Arctic 5 nations, limits unregulated high seas fishing in the central part of the Arctic Ocean, and holds potential social, economic and political impacts for numerous stakeholders. In this paper, the four Interim Measures in the Declaration are discussed and what value these measures ...
    • Atlantic salmon possesses two clusters of type I interferon receptor genes on different chromosomes, which allows for a larger repertoire of interferon receptors than in zebrafish and mammals 

      Sun, Baojian; Greiner-Tollersrud, Linn; Koop, Ben F; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • The Backward-Bending Supply Curve in Fisheries-Revisited 

      Pham, Thanh Thuy; Flaaten, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      This study discusses and estimates the backward-bending supply curve, using data for three years over a six-year time span from the inshore purse seine fishery in Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam. Four different models are developed for estimation based on fisheries data, in the absence of stock survey data. The estimated maximum sustainable yield for the anchovy in south-central Vietnam ranges from ...
    • Bacterial Diversity in the Digestive Tracts of Four Indian Air-Breathing Fish Species Investigated by PCR Based Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis 

      He, Suxu; Zhou, Zhigang; Banerjee, Goutam; Huang, Lu; Ray, Arun Kumar; Ringø, Einar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-02)
      An investigation was conducted to identify the allochthonous microbiota (entire intestine) and the autochthonous microbiota in proximal intestine (PI) and distal intestine (DI) of four species of Indian air-breathing fish (climbing perch; Anabas testudineus, murrel; Channa punctatus, walking catfish; Clarias batrachus and stinging catfish; Heteropneustes fossilis) by PCR based denaturing gradient ...