Aldol condensations on a 3-alkylidene-2,5-diketopiperazine - synthesis of two marine natural products
The synthesis of two marine natural products containing a 3-alkylidene-6-arylidene-2,5-diketopiperazine scaffold by employing two consecutive aldol condensations starting with 1,4-diacetyl-2,5-diketopiperazine is reported. The target compounds contain a phenol or an imidazole group as aryl substituents, respectively, and suitable conditions for the aldol condensation of 1-acyl-3-alkylidene-2,5-diketopiperazine with the required functionalised aromatic aldehydes were developed. Provided the optimal base was used, introduction of the phenol group did not require use of a protecting group. Boc-protection was beneficial for introduction of the imidazole group, and conditions for carrying out the aldol condensation and Boc-deprotection in one step were identified. The stereochemistry of the target compounds was confirmed by NMR analysis.
Accepted manuscript version. Published version available at https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1591755.