Sub-nanometer height sensitivity by phase shifting interference microscopy under environmental fluctuations
AuthorAhmad, Azeem; Dubey, Vishesh Kumar; Butola, Ankit; Tinguely, Jean-Claude; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Mehta, Dalip Singh
Phase shifting interferometric (PSI) techniques are among the most sensitive phase measurement methods. Owing to its high sensitivity, any minute phase change caused due to environmental instability results into, inaccurate phase measurement. Consequently, a well calibrated piezo electric transducer (PZT) and highly-stable environment is mandatory for measuring accurate phase map using PSI implementation. Here, we present an inverse approach, which can retrieve phase maps of the samples with negligible errors under environmental fluctuations. The method is implemented by recording a video of continuous temporally phase shifted interferograms and phase shifts were calculated between all the data frames using Fourier transform algorithm with a high accuracy ≤ 5.5 × 10−4 π rad. To demonstrate the robustness of the proposed method, a manual translation of the stage was employed to introduce continuous temporal phase shift between data frames. The developed algorithm is first verified by performing quantitative phase imaging of optical waveguide and red blood cells using uncalibrated PZT under the influence of vibrations/air turbulence and compared with the well calibrated PZT results. Furthermore, we demonstrated the potential of the proposed approach by acquiring the quantitative phase imaging of an optical waveguide with a rib height of only 2 nm and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). By using 12-bit CMOS camera the height of shallow rib waveguide is measured with a height sensitivity of 4 Å without using PZT and in presence of environmental fluctuations.
CitationAhmad A, Dubey VK, Butola, Tinguely J, Ahluwalia BS, Mehta. Sub-nanometer height sensitivity by phase shifting interference microscopy under environmental fluctuations. Optics Express. 2020;28(7):9340-9358
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