Now showing items 1-20 of 359

    • 20 years of research on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak 

      Greenwald, Martin; Bader, A; Baek, S; Bakhtiari, M; Barnard, H; Beck, W; Bergerson, W; Bespamyatnov, I; Bonoli, P; Brower, D; Brunner, D; Burke, W; Candy, J; Churchill, M; Cziegler, I; Diallo, A; Dominguez, A; Duval, B; Edlund, E; Ennever, P; Ernst, D; Faust, I; Fiore, C; Fredian, T; Garcia, Odd Erik; Gao, C; Goetz, J; Golfinopoulos, T; Granetz, R; Grulke, O; Hartwig, Z; Horne, S; Howard, N; Hubbard, A; Hughes, J; Hutchinson, I; Irby, J; Izzo, V; Kessel, C; Labombard, B; Lau, C; Li, C; Lin, Y; Lipschultz, B; Loarte, A; Marmar, E; Mazurenko, A; McCracken, G; McDermott, R; Meneghini, O; Mikkelsen, D; Mossessian, D; Mumgaard, R; Myra, J; Nelson-Melby, E; Ochoukov, R; Olynyk, G; Parker, R; Pitcher, S; Podpaly, Y; Porkolab, M; Reinke, M; Rice, J; Rowan, W; Schmidt, A; Scott, S; Shiraiwa, S; Sierchio, J; Smick, N; Snipes, JA; Snyder, P; Sorbom, B; Stillerman, J; Sung, C; Takase, Y; Tang, V; Terry, J; Terry, D; Theiler, C; Tronchin-James, A; Tsujii, N; Vieira, R; Walk, J; Wallace, G; White, A; Whyte, D; Wilson, J; Wolfe, S; Wright, G; Wright, J; Wukitch, S; Zweben, S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • 2018 Beam-park observations of space debris with the EISCAT radars 

      Vierinen, Juha; Kastinen, D; Markkanen, Jussi; Grydeland, Tom; Kero, Johan; Horstmann, A.; Hesselbach, S.; Kebschull, C.; Røynestad, Elisabeth; Krag, Holger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019)
      Monitoring the evolution of the space debris environment requires regular radar observations of the space debris population. This study presents the results from 24 hours of beam-park observations of space objects conducted simultaneously with the EISCAT Svalbard and Tromsø radars on and between January 4th and 5th, 2018. The measurements are processed with a new matched filter bank analysis program, ...
    • Accurate estimation of the illumination pattern’s orientation and wavelength in sinusoidal structured illumination microscopy 

      Lahrberg, Marcel; Singh, Mandeep; Khare, Kedar; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-05)
      Structured illumination microscopy is able to improve the spatial resolution of wide-field fluorescence imaging by applying sinusoidal stripe pattern illumination to the sample. The corresponding computational image reconstruction requires precise knowledge of the pattern’s parameters, which are its phase (φ) and wave vector (<b>p</b>). Here, a computationally inexpensive method for estimation of ...
    • An Advanced Non-Gaussian Feature Space Method for POL-SAR Image Segmentation 

      Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Eltoft, Torbjørn (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2013)
      This work extends upon our simple feature-based multichannel SAR segmentation method to incorporate highly desirable statistical properties into a computationally simple approach. The desirable properties include Markov random field contextual smoothing and goodness-of-fit testing to automatically obtain the significant number of classes. To achieve this we need to find an explicit class model to ...
    • Agreement and Complementarity of Sea Ice Drift Products 

      Johansson, Malin; Berg, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-08)
      Changes in Arctic sea ice have raised questions about changes in sea ice drift patterns. Reduced sea ice coverage may open up the Arctic to further exploration of maritime activities, particularly during the summer months. Given such changes, it is important to investigate differences between available sea ice drift products. Products based on synthetic aperture radar (SAR), radar scatterometer, and ...
    • The airglow layer emission altitude cannot be determined unambiguously from temperature comparison with lidars 

      Dunker, Tim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      I investigate the nightly mean emission height and width of the OH*(3–1) layer by comparing nightly mean temperatures measured by the ground-based spectrometer GRIPS 9 and the Na lidar at ALOMAR. The data set contains 42 coincident measurements taken between November 2010 and February 2014, when GRIPS 9 was in operation at the ALOMAR observatory (69.3° N, 16.0° E) in northern Norway. To closely ...
    • Algal hot spots in a changing Arctic Ocean: Sea-ice ridges and the snow-ice interface 

      Fernández-Méndez, Mar; Olsen, Lasse Mork; Kauko, Hanna M.; Meyer, Amelie; Rösel, Anja; Merkouriadi, Ioanna; Mundy, Christopher John; Ehn, Jens K.; Johansson, Malin; Wagner, Penelope Mae; Ervik, Åse; Sorrell, BK; Duarte, Pedro; Wold, Anette; Hop, Haakon; Assmy, Phillipp (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-12)
      During the N-ICE2015 drift expedition north-west of Svalbard, we observed the establishment and development of algal communities in first-year ice (FYI) ridges and at the snow-ice interface. Despite some indications of being hot spots for biological activity, ridges are under-studied largely because they are complex structures that are difficult to sample. Snow infiltration communities can grow at ...
    • Amplitude and size scaling for interchange motions of plasma filaments 

      Kube, Ralph; Wiesenberger, Matthias; Garcia, Odd Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-07)
      The interchange dynamics and velocity scaling of blob-like plasma filaments are investigated using a two-field reduced fluid model. For incompressible flows due to buoyancy, the maximum velocity is proportional to the square root of the relative amplitude and the square root of its cross-field size. For compressible flows in a non-uniform magnetic field, this square root scaling only holds ...
    • Analysis of evolving oil spills in full-polarimetric and hybrid-polarity SAR 

      Espeseth, Martine Mostervik; Skrunes, Stine; Jones, Cathleen Elaine; Brekke, Camilla; Holt, Benjamin; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-25)
      Oil spill detection using a time series of images acquired off Norway in June 2015 with the uninhabited aerial vehicle synthetic aperture radar is examined. The relative performance of a set of features derived from quad-polarization versus hybrid-polarity (HP) modes in detection of various types of slicks as they evolve on a high wind driven sea surface is evaluated. It is shown that the HP mode ...
    • Arctic Sea Ice Characterization using Spaceborne Fully Polarimetric L-, C- and X-Band SAR with Validation by Airborne Measurements 

      Singha, Suman; Johansson, Malin; Hughes, Nick; Hvidegaard, Sine; Skourup, Henriette (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-26)
      In recent years, spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) polarimetry has become a valuable tool for sea ice analysis. Here, we employ an automatic sea ice classification algorithm on two sets of spatially and temporally near coincident fully polarimetric acquisitions from the ALOS-2, Radarsat-2, and TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X satellites. Overlapping coincident sea ice freeboard measurements from airborne ...
    • Aspects of model-based decompositions in radar polarimetry 

      Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Eltoft, Torbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-12)
      In this paper, we further analyse the problem that polarimetric target decomposition methods in general have more physical parameters than equations, making the decomposition under-determined and hence have no unique solution. The common approach to get around this problem is to make certain assumptions, thus fixing one or more parameters, allowing the other free parameters to be solved from the set ...
    • Assessing polarimetric SAR sea-ice classifications using consecutive day images 

      Moen, Mari-Ann; Anfinsen, Stian Normann; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Renner, Angelika; Gerland, Sebastian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This paper investigates automatic segmentation and classification of C-band, polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite images of Arctic sea ice under freezing conditions prior to melt. The objective is to investigate the robustness of the results obtained under slightly varying environmental conditions and different viewing geometries. Initially, three geographically overlapping SAR ...
    • Assessment of RISAT-1 and Radarsat-2 for Sea Ice Observation from Hybrid-Polarity Perspective 

      Espeseth, Martine; Brekke, Camilla; Johansson, Malin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-25)
      Utilizing several Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) missions will provide a data set with higher temporal resolution. It is of great importance to understand the difference between various available sensors and polarization modes and to consider how to homogenize the data sets for a following combined analysis. In this study, a uniform and consistent analysis across different SAR missions is carried ...
    • The asymmetric geospace as displayed during the geomagnetic storm on 17 August 2001 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Rexer, Theresa; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Hesse, Michael; Milan, Stephen Eric; Ohma, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-29)
      Previous studies have shown that conjugate auroral features are displaced in the two hemispheres when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) has a transverse (<i><sub>Y</sub></i>) component. It has also been shown that a <i>B<sub>Y</sub></i> component is induced in the closed magnetosphere due to the asymmetric loading of magnetic flux in the lobes following asymmetric dayside reconnection when the ...
    • Auroral ion acoustic wave enhancement observed with a radar interferometer system 

      Schlatter, Nicola M.; Belyey, Vasyl; Gustavsson, Björn Johan; Ivchenko, Nickolay; Whiter, Daniel; Dahlgren, Hanna; Tuttle, Sam; Grydeland, Tom (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-20)
      Measurements of naturally enhanced ion acoustic line (NEIAL) echoes obtained with a five-antenna interferometric imaging radar system are presented. The observations were conducted with the European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) radar on Svalbard and the EISCAT Aperture Synthesis Imaging receivers (EASI) installed at the radar site. Four baselines of the interferometer are used in the analysis. Based ...
    • Auroral molecular-emission effects on the atomic oxygen line at 777.4 nm 

      Oyama, Shin-Ichiro; Tsuda, Takuo T.; Hosokawa, Keisuke; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi; Kurita, Satoshi; Kero, Antti; Fujii, Ryochi; Tanaka, Yoshimasa; Mizuno, Akira; Kawabata, Tetsuya; Gustavsson, Björn Johan; Leyser, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-16)
      One of the representative auroral emission lines that radiates from F-region heights and is measurable on the ground is the 777.4 nm line from excited atomic oxygen. This line has been adopted, along with another E-region emission line, for example 427.8 nm, to estimate the mean energy and total energy flux of precipitating auroral electrons. The influence of emissions from part of the molecular ...
    • The auroral red line polarisation: modelling and measurements 

      Lilensten, J.; Bommier, V.; Barthelemy, M; Lamy, Herve; Bernard, D; Moen, Jøran Idar; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Løvhaug, Unni Pia; Pitout, Frederic (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-12)
      In this work, we model the polarisation of the auroral red line using the electron impact theory developed by Bommier et al. (2011). This theory enables the computation of the distribution of the Degree of Linear Polarisation (DoLP) as a function of height if the flux of precipitated electrons is provided as input. An electron transport code is used to infer the stationary electron flux at each ...
    • Auto-correlation function and frequency spectrum due to a super-position of uncorrelated exponential pulses 

      Garcia, Odd Erik; Theodorsen, Audun (Peer reviewed, 2017-03)
      The auto-correlation function and the frequency power spectral density due to a super-position of uncorrelated exponential pulses are considered. These are shown to be independent of the degree of pulse overlap and thereby the intermittency of the stochastic process. For constant pulse duration and a one-sided exponential pulse shape, the power spectral density has a Lorentzian shape which is flat ...
    • Automatic autonomous vision-based power line inspection: A review of current status and the potential role of deep learning 

      Nguyen, van Nhan; Jenssen, Robert; Roverso, Davide (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-09)
      To maintain the reliability, availability, and sustainability of electricity supply, electricity companies regularly perform visual inspections on their transmission and distribution networks. These inspections have been typically carried out using foot patrol and/or helicopter-assisted methods to plan for necessary repair or replacement works before any major damage, which may cause power outage. ...
    • An Automatic U-distribution and Markov Random Field Segmentation Algorithm for PolSAR Images 

      Doulgeris, Anthony Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)