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dc.contributor.advisorVorren, Karl-Dag
dc.contributor.advisorEckstein, Dieter
dc.contributor.authorKirchhefer, Andreas Joachim
dc.date.accessioned2010-02-24T08:13:58Z
dc.date.available2010-02-24T08:13:58Z
dc.date.issued2000-03-17
dc.description.abstractA total of ten tree-ring chronologies of Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L., was constructed between the Vesterålen archipelago and the Finnmarksvidda in order to investigate the regional variability of radial growth and climate response of pine. The longest tree-ring chronology, located in Forfjorddalen in Vesterålen, was highly significant back to AD 1354. The study area was divided into three dendroecological zones; the coast, the inner Scandes and the Finnmarksvidda. In all regions, July temperature was the most important growth-determining factor. At the coast, pine showed a significant positive response also to August temperatures. A partial study in the inner Scandes showed that the radial growth at north-facing slopes was enhanced by high June temperatures, most likely due to the influence of the midnight sun. Evidence of environmental stress due to global warming was seen in reduced growth during periods of warm-moist mid winters at the coast and, particularly in the warm 1930s, in the Scandes. Also, there were indications of drought stress in summer in the intra-alpine valleys of the Scandes and at the edaphically dry coastal site, Stonglandseidet. <br>On the basis of the tree-ring chronologies, July temperatures were reconstructed back to AD 1800 for northern Norway 69°N and July-August temperatures along the coast back to AD 1358. The 20th century since 1915 was a period of above-average temperatures and growth. In the present reconstruction, a comparable warm period occurred previously only AD 1470-1540. In the 19th century, cool summers prevailed about AD 1810, in the 1830s and from the late 1860s to 1910. The 17th century, the coolest interval of the ‘Little Ice Age’, experienced three intervals of cool summers around AD 1605, 1640 and 1680. There was evidence of a lack of pine regeneration in the first half of the 17th century. Major regional temperature differences were observed around AD 1760 with extraordinarily warm summers east of the Scandes, but average temperatures at the coast, and about AD 1800, when the coast was warm, but the inland cooling. An exploratory reconstruction of June temperatures from growth differences between northand south-facing slopes demonstrated the potential of site-related growth responses for refined climate reconstructions.en
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10037/2412
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:no-uit_munin_2162
dc.language.isoengen
dc.publisherUniversitetet i Tromsøen
dc.publisherUniversity of Tromsøen
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccess
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Geofag: 450::Meteorologi: 453en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Geofag: 450::Naturgeografi: 455en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Vegetasjonshistorie: 495en
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Plantegeografi: 496en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Meteorology: 453en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Physical geography: 455en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Ecology: 488en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Vegetation history: 495en
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Plant geography: 496en
dc.subjectdendrokronologien
dc.subjectpaleoklimaen
dc.subjectklimahistorieen
dc.subjecttreøkologien
dc.subjectdendrochronologyen
dc.subjectpaleoclimateen
dc.subjectclimate historyen
dc.subjecttree ecologyen
dc.titleDendroclimatology on Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in northern Norwayen
dc.typeDoctoral thesisen
dc.typeDoktorgradsavhandlingen


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