Sustainable management of populations impacted by harvesting and climate change
AuthorStenseth, Nils Christian; Ims, Rolf Anker; Sæther, Bernt-Erik; Cadahia, Luis; Herfindal, Ivar; Lee, Aline Magdalena; Whittington, Jason D; Yoccoz, Nigel
The sustainable use of natural resources is critical for addressing the global challenges of today. Strategies for sustainable harvesting need to consider not only harvested species, but also other non-harvested species interacting with them in the same ecosystem. In addition, environmental variation needs to be considered, with climate change currently being one of the main sources of this variation. Understanding the consequences of complex interactions between different drivers and processes affecting dynamics of species and ecosystems across spatial scales requires large-scale integrative research projects. The Norwegian research initiative “Sustainable management of renewable resources in a changing environment: an integrated approach across ecosystems” (SUSTAIN) was launched to fill knowledge gaps related to the sustainable management of populations and ecosystems experiencing climate change. SUSTAIN investigated terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecosystems in boreal and Arctic regions, using both theoretical developments and empirical analyses of long-term data. This Climate Research Special contains both synthesis articles and original research exemplifying some of the approaches used in SUSTAIN. In this introduction we highlight 4 key topics addressed by SUSTAIN: (i) population structure, (ii) interactions between species, (iii) spatial processes, and (iv) adaptive management. These topics are fundamental to the understanding of harvested species from an ecosystem perspective, and to ecosystem-based management approaches, which we are striving to work towards.
CitationStenseth NC, Ims RA, Sæther B, Cadahia LC, Herfindal I, Lee AM, Whittington J, Yoccoz NG. Sustainable management of populations impacted by harvesting and climate change. Climate Research (CR). 2022;86:1-7
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