Now showing items 26-45 of 106

    • The effect of drinking water quality on the health and longevity of people-A case study in Mayang, Hunan province, China 

      Lu, Jinmei; Yuan, Fuqing (Peer reviewed; Bokkapittel; Chapter, 2017)
      Drinking water is an important source for trace elements intake into human body. Thus, the drinking water quality has a great impact on people's health and longevity. This study aims to study the relationship between drinking water quality and human health and longevity. A longevity county Mayang in Hunan province, China was chosen as the study area. The drinking water and hair of local centenarians ...
    • The effect of temperature and precipitation on the leaching of contaminants from Ballangen tailings deposit, Norway 

      Lu, Jinmei; Yuan, Fuqing (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Leaching and transport of contaminants from tailings deposit is a highly complex interacting system affected by a suite of environmental factors, among which temperature and precipitation rates linked to climate change are two important parameters. The climate change in the Nordic region is more drastic than other regions. In this study, a laboratory batch leaching experiment was performed on the ...
    • Endurance Test on Carbon Film Fixed Resistor under Escalated Voltage Stress 

      Yuan, Fuqing; Lu, Jinmei (Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018)
      Film fixed resistor is a basic unit in the electronic devices. As it is less frequently failed than other units such as capacitor, the reliability and robustness of it are less concerned both in the academics and in the industries. This paper investigates the endurance of the carbon film fixed resistor. The resistance shift and life of it under the escalated voltage stress level are the aim. A PCB ...
    • Evaluating Visual Saliency Algorithms: Past, Present and Future 

      Sharma, Puneet (Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-09-01)
      With the introduction of compressed sensing (CS) theory, investigation into exploiting sparseness and optimizing compressive sensing performance has ensued. Compressed sensing is highly applicable to images, which naturally have sparse representations. Improvements in the area of image denoising have resulted from the combination of highly-directional transforms with shrinkage and thresholding ...
    • An expert-based approach to production performance analysis of oil and gas facilities considering time-independent Arctic operating conditions 

      Naseri, Masoud; Barabady, Javad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2016-03)
      The availability and throughput of offshore oil and gas plants operating in the Arctic are adversely influenced by the harsh environmental conditions. One of the major challenges in quantifying such effects is lack of adequate life data. The data collected in normal-climate regions cannot effectively reflect the negative effects of harsh Arctic operating conditions on the reliability, availability, ...
    • Failure intensity of offshore power plants under varying maintenance policies 

      Perera, Lokukaluge Prasad; Machado, Mario M.; Valland, Anders; Manguinho, Diego A.P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-01-06)
      System reliability of an offshore power plant with several gas turbine engines is analyzed in this study to understand the failure intensity of a selected gas turbine engines under varying maintenance activities. A set of event data of a selected gas turbine engine is considered to identify system failure intensity levels, where unknown maintenance actions were implemented (i.e. various repairs ...
    • Finite element analysis of human femur bone 

      Mughal, Uzair; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-04)
      An effort is made to analyse the stresses experienced by the human femur. In order to achieve these results a CAD model was developed by using the 3-D scanning of generic human femur for an individual of 70 kg weight (approx. averaged adult weight). The marrow cavity has been approximated as a hollow cylinder. The FEM model was built using solid tetrahedral element (20-noded 186 structural ...
    • Group Based Asymmetry – A Fast Saliency Algorithm 

      Sharma, Puneet; Eiksund, Oddmar (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2015-12-18)
      In this paper, we propose a saliency model that makes two major changes in a latest state-of-the-art model known as group based asymmetry. First, based on the properties of the dihedral group D4 we simplify the asymmetry calculations associated with the measurement of saliency. This results is an algorithm which reduces the number of calculations by at-least half that makes it the fastest among the ...
    • Human reliability assessment (HRA) in maintenance of production process: A case study 

      Aalipour, Mojgan; Ayele, Yonas Zewdu; Barabadi, Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-04-02)
      Human reliability makes a considerable contribution to the maintenance performance, safety, and cost-efficiency of any production process. To improve human reliability, the causes of human errors should be identified and the probability of human errors should be quantified. Analysis of human error is very case-specific; the context of the field should be taken into account. The aim of this study is ...
    • Ice Detection of Pure and Saline Ice Using Infrared Signature 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-30)
      The paper shows the possible implementation of an Infrared (IR) ice detection technique. In respect of safety in marine operations, saline ice detection can be significant for automated de-icing systems. Experimentation is performed to observe and detect saline and pure ice samples. The discussed detection mechanism is unique and differs from passive IR detection by introducing the self-heating ...
    • Ice Detection Setup Using Infrared and Active Heating 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015)
      Considering the cold environment operations, ice accretion can occur at a rapid pace and can adversely affect the operations. In such scenario, ice detection is useful for the ice mitigation and removal upon the marine and offshore structures. Various techniques exist in the literature to detect the icing mainly utilizing its physical or electromagnetic properties. The parameters measured by these ...
    • Identifying hazards to include in risk analyses 

      Leonhardsen, Mette; Olsen, Odd Einar Falnes; Nilsen, Aud Solveig (Book; Bok; Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2018)
      A risk analysis should provide decision makers with information regarding relevant hazards. The initiating phase, where the risk analysts identify hazards to be included in the risk analysis, lays the foundation for the rest of the analysis. This phase is, therefore, of great importance. In this paper, we examine how risk analysts in a municipal setting identified potential adverse events and how ...
    • Improving Mechanical Grip of Tyres on Snow and Icy Road Surfaces using Finite Element Method 

      Ludvigsen, Sondre; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016)
      Harsh winter conditions are known to be one of the most challenging environments for driving. Although the number of fatal accidents is higher during the summer compared to the winter in Norway (according to Norwegian Highways Authority), the total number of accidents is higher in the winter season. These accidents mainly happen due to loss traction on snowy or icy road surfaces. The loss of traction ...
    • Infrared Detection for Anti-Icing Systems in Ship Operations 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2014)
    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure and Saline Ice for Marine Operations in Cold Climate 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to abundant ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads over larger surface area. For safe and adequate operations on marine vessels over a larger area, remote ice detection and ice mitigation system can be useful. To study this remote ice detection option, lab experimentation was performed to detect the thermal gradient of ice with the infrared ...
    • Infrared Thermal Signature Evaluation of a Pure Ice Block 

      Rashid, Taimur; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Edvardsen, Kåre; Mughal, Umair Najeeb (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2015-08-23)
      Marine operations in cold climates are subjected to heavy ice accretion, which can lead to heavy ice loads causing safety concerns. Atmospheric and sea spray icing can cause severe ice accretion on structures. Ice detection over the relatively larger surface area of marine platforms and vessels could be significant for ice mitigation and its removal in cold climates. A thermal ice signature ...
    • International Cooperation on Search and Rescue in the Arctic 

      Sydnes, Are K.; Sydnes, Maria; Antonsen, Yngve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09)
      SAR in the Arctic is a complex and dynamic cross-disciplinary activity that requires the combined effort of multiple actors with specialized human and technical resources. Due to limited resources and infrastructure in the Arctic, international cooperation is particularly important. This article applies a conceptual framework drawn from regime-theory to study SAR cooperation in the Arctic. More ...
    • Investigation of Ice-PVC separation under Flexural Loading using FEM Analysis 

      Xue, Hui; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-29)
      This paper presents the FEM technique applied in the study of ice separation over a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) surface. A two layer model of ice and PVC is analysed theoretically using Euler-Bernoulli beam theory and the rule of mixtures. The physical samples are prepared by freezing ice over the PVC surfaces. The samples are tested experimentally in a four-point loading setup. The experimental results ...
    • Involvement of Multiphysics in Petroleum Research: Case Study on Shock Tube Experimental Setup 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2014)
    • Knowledge in food tourism: the case of Lofoten and Maremma Toscana 

      Bertella, Giovanna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)