Now showing items 1-20 of 147

    • Hazards identification and risk assessment for UAV– assisted bridge inspections 

      Aliyari, Mostafa; Ashrafi, Behrooz; Ayele, Yonas Zewdu (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-07)
      Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) technology has found its way into several civilian applications in the last 20 years, predominantly due to lower cost and tangible scientific improvements. In its application to structural bridge inspection, UAVs provide two main functions. The first, being the most common, detect damage through visual sensors. The 2 D image data can be used to quickly establish a basic ...
    • An overall performance index for wind farms: a case study in Norway Arctic region 

      Mustafa, Albara; Barabadi, Abbas; Markeset, Tore; Naseri, Masoud (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-12)
      Wind farms (WFs) experience various challenges that affect their performance. Mostly, designers focus on the technical side of WFs performance, mainly increasing the power production of WFs, through improving their manufacturing and design quality, wind turbines capacity, their availability, reliability, maintainability, and supportability. On the other hand, WFs induce impacts on their surroundings, ...
    • Learning from crisis: the 2015 and 2017 avalanches in Longyearbyen 

      Sydnes, Are K.; Sydnes, Maria; Hamnevoll, Helle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-27)
      Longyearbyen has been hit by two avalanches in 2015 and 2017 causing severe damages to housing and two fatalities. In this study we investigate organised learning processes regarding emergency preparedness and response following the avalanches. Longyearbyen provides a case of particular interest as climatic change rapidly is altering the environmental conditions, including the risk of avalanches.< ...
    • Ship behavior prediction via trajectory extraction-based clustering for maritime situation awareness 

      Murray, Brian; Perera, Lokukaluge Prasad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-20)
      This study presents a method in which historical AIS data are used to predict the future trajectory of a selected vessel. This is facilitated via a system intelligence-based approach that can be subsequently utilized to provide enhanced situation awareness to navigators and future autonomous ships, aiding proactive collision avoidance. By evaluating the historical ship behavior in a given geographical ...
    • Russia's Critical Infrastructure Policy: What do we Know About it? 

      Pursiainen, Christer Henrik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-29)
      The article is an analytical state-of-the-art review of the Russian Federation’s critical infrastructure policy, starting from the 1990s but zooming in on the current situation. The article discusses what does critical infrastructure mean in the Russian context. It explores the country’s threat scenarios in this field, and asks what part is played by cyber security threats in this context. Further, ...
    • Selecting technological alternatives for regulatory compliance towards emissions reduction from shipping: An integrated fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making approach under vague environment 

      Bui, Khanh Q.; Ölçer, Aykut I.; Kitada, Momoko; Ballini, Fabio (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-01)
      Due to the increasing pressure from stricter environmental regulations to reduce emissions in shipping, the maritime industry has been striving for finding more effective measures. Existing measures are often not enough to comply with new regulations. Among various alternative measures, it is not easy for decision-makers (shipowners and operators) to choose the most suitable alternative measure as ...
    • Norway-Russia disaster diplomacy for Svalbard 

      Kelman, Ilan; Sydnes, Are K.; Duda, Patrizia Isabelle; Nikitina, Elena; Webersik, Christian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-03)
      The Arctic is frequently framed as a region of disaster and conflict, as well as of opportunity and cooperation. Disaster diplomacy is one approach for examining how dealing with disasters might or might not affect conflict and cooperation, yet little work on Arctic disaster diplomacy has been completed, especially regarding specific bilateral relations. This paper contributes to filling in this gap ...
    • Life in Anticipation of Wind Power Development: Three Cases from Coastal Norway 

      Staupe-Delgado, Reidar; Coombes, Philip R. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-21)
      Wind power development, whilst welcomed by many as a potentially green source of energy, also gives rise to considerable local resistance. Drawing on three case studies from coastal Norway (Frøya, Haramsøy, and Egersund), the present article sets out to reflect on life in anticipation of wind power development. Reflecting on the nature of life in anticipation of undesired wind power developments, ...
    • Time to Rescue for Different Paths to Survival Following a Marine Incident 

      Solberg, Knut Espen; Jensen, Jan Erik; Barane, Endre; Hagen, Snorre; Kjøl, Andreas; Johansen, Gudmund; Gudmestad, Ove Tobias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-07)
      The time required for rescue is a critical factor for surviving a marine incident. The regulatory framework, International Maritime Organization (IMO) Polar Code, utilizes a risk-based approach. It states that the vessel operators are to define the time required for rescue but never less than 5 days. Based on experience from the classification society DNV GL, utilization of the minimum requirement ...
    • Evaluating the effects of watershed subdivision on hydrological simulation by SWAT model in an Arctic watershed 

      Bui, Minh Tuan; Lu, Jinmei; Nie, Linmei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-04)
      The hydrological model SWAT is a state-of-the-art tool for environmental and water resources management. Like other semi-distributed models, the whole river basin in the SWAT model is delineated into smaller sub-basins prior to conducting the simulation. Watershed delineation is an importance step since it could potentially influence the modelling results. The present study aimed to conducte an ...
    • Sensitivity analysis of the SWAT model to spatial distribution of precipitation in streamflow simulation in an Arctic watershed 

      Bui, Minh Tuan; Lu, Jinmei; Nie, Linmei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-04)
      This study approached a physically based, semi-distributed SWAT model to test the model sensitivity to the spatial distribution of precipitation. Ten scenarios of precipitation from five scattered rain gauges in an Arctic watershed Målselv in northern Norway were used as inputs to run the SWAT model. Streamflows were simulated. The model runs at monthly time interval based on the historical data of ...
    • Active learning for enhanced understanding of "ship damage stability" 

      Johansen, Kåre; Batalden, Bjørn-Morten (Book; Chapter, 2018)
      Active Learning has always played an important part of seamen’s education. Transfer of experience have from ancient time been practiced in an active learner-centered field where unexperienced seamen got involved in their own learning by being supervised by experienced seamen, when practicing seaman related activities. This learning practice was supreme before the introduction of “modern” maritime ...
    • Glacial ice impacts: Part II: Damage assessment and ice-structure interactions in accidental limit states (ALS) 

      Yu, Zhaolong; Lu, Wenjun; van den Berg, Marnix; Amdahl, Jørgen; Løset, Sveinung (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-10-28)
      Floating glacial ice features of various sizes pose a substantial threat to the structural integrity of offshore structures in ice-prone regions. Relatively small ice feathers, e.g., bergy bits and growlers, are a major concern because they are more difficult to detect by marine radars and perform concurrent ice management operations, especially in extreme sea states.<p> <p>This two-part companion ...
    • Stability of Vessels in an Ice-free Arctic 

      Johansen, Kåre; Sollid, Magne-Petter; Gudmestad, Ove Tobias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-09)
      One consequence of the declining ice cover in the Arctic is increased areas of open seas. These new open sea areas lead to some challenging aspects related to ship stability. Longer fetch lengths, associated with build-up of larger waves followed by increased conditions for sea spray icing on vessels is one aspect. Open seas in combination with cold atmospheric temperatures is a prerequisite for ...
    • A Review of Hydrological Models Applied in the Permafrost-Dominated Arctic Region 

      Bui, Minh Tuan; Lu, Jinmei; Nie, Linmei (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-06)
      The Arctic region is the most sensitive region to climate change. Hydrological models are fundamental tools for climate change impact assessment. However, due to the extreme weather conditions, specific hydrological process, and data acquisition challenges in the Arctic, it is crucial to select suitable hydrological model(s) for this region. In this paper, a comprehensive review and comparison of ...
    • Prediction of remaining useful life (RUL) of Komatsu excavator under reliability analysis in the Weibull-frailty model 

      Ghomghaleh, Awat; Khaloukakaie, Reza; Ataei, Mohammad; Barabadi, Abbas; Qarahasanlou, Ali Nouri; Rahmani, Omeid; Beiranvand Pour, Amin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-15)
      It is an essential task to estimate the remaining useful life (RUL) of machinery in the mining sector aimed at ensuring the production and the customer’s satisfaction. In this study, a conceptual framework was used to determine the RUL under the reliability analysis in a frailty model. The proposed framework was implemented on a Komatsu PC-1250 excavator from the Sungun copper mine. Also, the ...
    • Road Transportation Challenges in the Arctic 

      Barjouei, A. Shojaei; Gudmestad, Ove T.; Barabady, Javad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Despite all efforts to mitigate global warming, its rate and magnitude are still rising where transportation is considered to be an important contributor. In the Arctic regions however, unstable weather conditions, strong seasonal variations, and long harsh winters result in additional challenges to transportation in different ways such as those related to environment, human health, safety, and ...
    • Trends in seismic data acquisition in areas with surface ice 

      Hussain, Azeem; Gudmestad, Ove Tobias; Barabady, Javad (Peer reviewed; Bok; Chapter, 2019)
      The Arctic has great significance in relation to the exploration and exploitation of its huge petroleum resources. Seismic surveys are the key part of petroleum exploration. Reflected sound waves are used to produce a 3D subsurface geological model, which helps to take a decision on drilling location for potential hydrocarbon resources. Seismic surveys are very complex operations, and growing energy ...
    • The Compliance Challenges in Emissions Control Regulations to Reduce Air Pollution from Shipping 

      Bui, Khanh Quang; Perera, Lokukaluge Prasad (Peer reviewed; Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-10-14)
      One of the thorny problems perplexing the maritime industry is to comply with existing and soon-to-be-enacted regulations towards emissions reduction from shipping. This problem has been discussed in this study under three viewpoints: i) the marine engine efficiency, ii) the decision-making process for selecting the technologies for reducing air emissions from shipping and iii) the challenges in the ...
    • Typical hydrodynamic models for aquaculture nets: A comparative study under pure current conditions 

      Cheng, Hui; Li, Lin; Aarsæther, Karl Gunnar; Ong, Muk Chen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-17)
      The net is regarded as the most critical component in marine aquaculture facilities as it is the only barrier which protects the environment from fish escapes. Accurate predictions of the net cage deformation and drag force on the nets are needed, both for ensuring fish welfare and for dimensioning of the mooring system. Thus, an appropriate hydrodynamic model is essential. In practice, two types ...