Recent additions

  • Hydrate occurrence in Europe: A review of available evidence 

    Minshull, Timothy A.; Marin-Moreno, Hector; Betlem, Peter; Bialas, Joerg; Bünz, Stefan; Burwicz, Ewa; Cameselle, Alejandra L.; Cifci, Gunay; Giustiniani, Michela; Hillman, Jess I.T.; Hölz, Sebastian; Hopper, John R.; Ion, Gabriel; Leon, Ricardo; Magalhaes, Vitor; Makovsky, Yizhaq; Mata, Maria-Pilar; Max, Michael D.; Nielsen, Tove; Okay, Seda; Ostrovsky, Ilia; O'Neil, Nick; Pinheiro, Luis M.; Plaza-Faverola, Andreia; Rey, Daniel; Roy, Srikumar; Schwalenberg, Katrin; Senger, Kim; Vadakkepuliyambatta, Sunil; Vasilev, Atanas; Vázquez, Juan-Tomás (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-08-16)
    Large national programs in the United States and several Asian countries have defined and characterised their marine methane hydrate occurrences in some detail, but European hydrate occurrence has received less attention. The European Union-funded project “Marine gas hydrate – an indigenous resource of natural gas for Europe” (MIGRATE) aimed to determine the European potential inventory of exploitable ...
  • Evolución ambiental de los estuarios del Geoparque de la costa Vasca durante el Holoceno y el Antropoceno 

    Cearreta, A.; Irabien, M.J.; Gómez Arozamena, J.; El Bani Altuna, Naima; Goffard, A.; Fernández Martín-Consuegra, A.; Hilario, A. (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2019-07)
    In order to reconstruct the environmental evolution of the estuaries in the Basque Coast Geopark at different temporal scales (millennial, centennial, decadal), different long and short cores and surface samples were retrieved and studied. Their multiproxy analysis (metals, foraminifera, pollen and radioisotopes) shows their temporal transformation in response to regional sea-level variations ...
  • Experimental grain growth of quartz aggregates under wet conditions and its application to deformation in nature 

    Fukuda, Junichi; Raimbourg, Hugues; Shimizu, Ichiko; Neufeld, Kai; Stünitz, Holger (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-13)
    Grain growth of quartz was investigated using two quartz samples (powder and novaculite) with water under pressure and temperature conditions of 1.0–2.5 GPa and 800–1100 ∘C. The compacted powder preserved a substantial porosity, which caused a slower grain growth than in the novaculite. We assumed a grain growth law of <i>d<sup>n</sup>−d<sup>n</sup><sub>0</sub>=k</i><sub>0</sub><i>f<sup>r</sup><su ...
  • High-resolution underwater laser spectrometer sensing provides new insights into methane distribution at an Arctic seepage site 

    Jansson, Pär; Triest, Jack; Grilli, Roberto; Ferré, Benedicte; Silyakova, Anna; Mienert, Jurgen; Chappellaz, Jérôme (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-13)
    Methane (CH4) in marine sediments has the potential to contribute to changes in the ocean and climate system. Physical and biochemical processes that are difficult to quantify with current standard methods such as acoustic surveys and discrete sampling govern the distribution of dissolved CH4 in oceans and lakes. Detailed observations of aquatic CH4 concentrations are required for a better understanding ...
  • A 160,000-year-old history of tectonically controlled methane seepage in the Arctic 

    Himmler, Tobias; Sahy, Diana; Martma, Tõnu; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Plaza-Faverola, Andreia; Bünz, Stefan; Condon, Daniel J.; Knies, Jochen; Lepland, Aivo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-07)
    The geological factors controlling gas release from Arctic deep-water gas reservoirs through seabed methane seeps are poorly constrained. This is partly due to limited data on the precise chronology of past methane emission episodes. Here, we use uranium-thorium dating of seep carbonates sampled from the seabed and from cores drilled at the Vestnesa Ridge, off West Svalbard (79°N, ~1200 m water ...
  • Anticlockwise metamorphic pressure–temperature paths and nappe stacking in the Reisa Nappe Complex in the Scandinavian Caledonides, northern Norway: evidence for weakening of lower continental crust before and during continental collision 

    Faber, Carly; Stunitz, Holger; Gasser, Deta; Jeřábek, Petr; Kraus, Katrin; Corfu, Fernando; Ravna, Erling Krogh; Konopásek, Jiří (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    This study investigates the tectonostratigraphy and metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Caledonian Reisa Nappe Complex (RNC; from bottom to top: Vaddas, Kåfjord, and Nordmannvik nappes) in northern Troms, Norway. Structural data, phase equilibrium modelling, and U-Pb zircon and titanite geochronology are used to constrain the timing and pressure–temperature (<i>P–T</i>) conditions of deformation ...
  • The Origin of Gas Seeps in the Northern Adriatic Sea 

    Donda, Federica; Tinivella, Umberta; Gordini, Emiliano; Panieri, Giuliana; Volpi, Valentina; Civile, Dario; Forlin, Edy; Facchin, Lorenzo; Burca, Mihai; Cova, Andrea; Ferrante, Giulia M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06)
    A multidisciplinary approach has been used for the first time to study the widespread occurrence of hydrocarbon seeps in the northern Adriatic Sea. Geological, geophysical and geochemical analyses were performed to identify and characterize the gas-charged fluids occurring throughout the Plio-Quaternary succession, and to date the shallow gas seeping at three leakage sites. The analysis of CHIRP, ...
  • Palaeoceanographic reconstruction of surface-ocean changes in the southern Norwegian Sea for the last ~130,000 years based on diatoms and with comparison to foraminiferal records 

    Hoff, Ulrike; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Meyer, Hanno; Koc, Nalan; Hansen, Jesper (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-28)
    Fossil marine diatom assemblages in a sediment core from the central northern Faroe slope in the Norwegian Sea were used to reconstruct palaeoceanographic changes in the surface water mixed layer from the last ~130,000 years (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 6/5 transition to MIS 1 (including the Eemian and Holocene interglacials) and to compare the results with previously published results on planktic ...
  • Morphological evidence for marine ice stream shutdown, central Barents Sea 

    Kurjanski, Bartosz; Rea, Brice R.; Spagnolo, Matteo; Winsborrow, Monica; Cornwell, David G.; Andreassen, Karin; Howell, John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-02)
    Marine-based ice streams are responsible for a significant proportion of the ice mass loss from the present-day Greenland Ice Sheet, East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) and West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) but the processes controlling their initiation, evolution and shutdown remain elusive, hindering our understanding of how existing ice masses will respond to predicted future warming. The exposed beds ...
  • Reviewing the Cenozoic Net Erosion of the Barents Sea Shelf 

    Lasabuda, Amando Putra Ersaid; Laberg, Jan Sverre; Knutsen, Stig-Morten; Rydningen, Tom Arne (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-01)
  • Evidence of Isotopic Fractionation During Vapor Exchange Between the Atmosphere and the Snow Surface in Greenland 

    Madsen, M.V.; Steen‐Larsen, H.C.; Hörhold, M.; Box, J.; Berben, Sarah Miche Patricia; Capron, E.; Faber, Anne-Katrine; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd; Jensen, Mari Fjalstad; Jones, T.R.; Kipfstuhl, S.; Koldtoft, I.; Pillar, H.R.; Vaughn, B.H.; Vladimirova, D.; Dahl‐Jensen, D. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-18)
    Several recent studies from both Greenland and Antarctica have reported significant changes in the water isotopic composition of near‐surface snow between precipitation events. These changes have been linked to isotopic exchange with atmospheric water vapor and sublimation‐induced fractionation, but the processes are poorly constrained by observations. Understanding and quantifying these processes ...
  • Fracture-controlled fluid transport supports microbial methane-oxidizing communities at Vestnesa Ridge 

    Yao, Haoyi; Hong, Wei-Li; Panieri, Giuliana; Sauer, Simone; Torres, Marta E.; Lehmann, Moritz F.; Grüdger, Friederike; Niemann, Helge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-29)
    We report a rare observation of a mini-fracture in near-surface sediments (30 cm below the seafloor) visualized using a rotational scanning X-ray of a core recovered from the Lomvi pockmark, Vestnesa Ridge, west of Svalbard (1200 m water depth). Porewater geochemistry and lipid biomarker signatures revealed clear differences in the geochemical and biogeochemical regimes of this core compared with ...
  • Organic Matter Sources in North Atlantic Fjord Sediments 

    Faust, Johan Christoph; Knies, Jochen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-31)
    To better constrain the global carbon cycle fundamental knowledge of the role of carbon cycling on continental margins is crucial. Fjords are particularly important shelf areas for carbon burial due to relatively high sedimentation rates and high organic matter fluxes. As terrigenous organic matter is more resistant to remineralization than marine organic matter, a comprehensive knowledge of the ...
  • Constraints on Gas Hydrate Distribution and Morphology in Vestnesa Ridge, Western Svalbard Margin, Using Multicomponent Ocean‐Bottom Seismic Data 

    Singhroha, Sunny; Chand, Shyam; Bünz, Stefan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-26)
    Gas hydrates occur within sediments on the western Svalbard continental margin and the Vestnesa Ridge, a large sediment drift that extends in a west‐north‐west direction from the margin towards the mid‐ocean ridge. We acquired multi‐component ocean‐bottom seismic (OBS) data at ten locations on the crest area of the eastern segment of the Vestnesa Ridge, an area with active gas seepage. P and S‐wave ...
  • Deep ocean 14C ventilation age reconstructions from the Arctic Mediterranean reassessed 

    Ezat, Mohamed; Rasmussen, Tine Lander; Skinner, Luke C.; Zamelczyk, Katarzyna (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-13)
    The present-day ocean ventilation in the Arctic Mediterranean (Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean), via transformation of northward inflowing warm Atlantic surface water into cold deep water, affects regional climate, atmospheric circulation and carbon storage in the deep ocean. Here we study the glacial evolution of the Arctic Mediterranean circulation and its influence on glacial climate using ...
  • Formation Conditions and 40Ar/39Ar Age of the Gem-Bearing Boqueirão Granitic Pegmatite, Parelhas, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil 

    Strmic Palinkas, Sabina; Palinkaš, Ladislav A.; Neubauer, Franz; Scholz, Ricardo; Borojević Šoštarić, Sibila; Bermanec, Vladimir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-15)
    The Boqueirão granitic pegmatite, alias Alto da Cabeça pegmatite, is situated in Borborema Pegmatitic Province (BPP) in Northeast Brazil. This pegmatitic province hosts globally important reserves of tantalum and beryllium, as well as significant quantities of gemstones, including aquamarine, morganite, and the high-quality turquoise-blue “Paraíba Elbaite”. The studied lithium-cesium-tantalum Boqueirão ...
  • The Role of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Fluids in the Formation of the Sasa Pb-Zn-Ag Skarn Deposit, Republic of Macedonia 

    Strmic Palinkas, Sabina; Peltekovski, Zlatko; Tasev, Goran; Serafimovski, Todor; Šmajgl, Danijela; Rajic, Kristijan; Spangenberg, Jorge; Neufeld, Kai; Palinkaš, Ladislav A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-29)
    The Sasa Pb-Zn-Ag deposit belongs to the group of distal base metal skarn deposits. The deposit is located within the Serbo-Macedonian massif, a metamorphosed crystalline terrain of Precambrian to Paleozoic age. The mineralization, hosted by Paleozoic marbles, shows a strong lithological control. It is spatially and temporally associated with the calc-alkaline to shoshonitic post-collisional magmatism ...
  • Postglacial relative sea level change and glacier activity in the early and late Holocene: Wahlenbergfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard 

    Schomacker, Anders; Farnsworth, Wesley R.; Ingólfsson, Ólafur; Allaart, Lis; Håkansson, Lena; Retelle, Michael; Marie-Louise, Siggaard-Andersen; Korsgaard, Niels J.; Rouillard, Alexandra; Kjellman, Sofia Elisabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-01)
    Sediment cores from Kløverbladvatna, a threshold lake in Wahlenbergfjorden, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard were used to reconstruct Holocene glacier fluctuations. Meltwater from Etonbreen spills over a threshold to the lake, only when the glacier is significantly larger than at present. Lithological logging, loss-on-ignition, ITRAX scanning and radiocarbon dating of the cores show that Kløverbladvatna ...
  • Methane release from pingo-like features across the South Kara Sea shelf, an area of thawing offshore permafrost 

    Serov, Pavel; Portnov, Aleksei D; Mienert, Jurgen; Semenov, Peter; Ilatovskaya, Polonia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-16)
    The Holocene marine transgression starting at ~19 ka flooded the Arctic shelves driving extensive thawing of terrestrial permafrost. It thereby promoted methanogenesis within sediments, the dissociation of gas hydrates, and the release of formerly trapped gas, with the accumulation in pressure of released methane eventually triggering blowouts through weakened zones in the overlying and thinned ...
  • A new numerical model for understanding free and dissolved gasprogression toward the atmosphere in aquatic methane seepage systems 

    Jansson, Pär; Ferré, Benedicte; Silyakova, Anna; Dølven, Knut Ola; Omstedt, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-16)
    We present a marine two‐phase gas model in one dimension (M2PG1) resolving interaction between the free and dissolved gas phases and the gas propagation toward the atmosphere in aquatic environments. The motivation for the model development was to improve the understanding of benthic methane seepage impact on aquatic environments and its effect on atmospheric greenhouse gas composition. Rising, ...

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