Recent additions

  • Near-surface characterization using shear-wave resonances: A case study from offshore Svalbard, Norway 

    Taweesintananon, Kittinat; Rørstadbotnen, Robin Andre; Landrø, Martin; Johansen, Ståle Emil; Arntsen, Børge; Forwick, Matthias; Hansen, Alfred (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-14)
    Shear-wave (S-wave) resonances are typically observed when the surficial marine sediments over a rock substrate have relatively low S-wave velocities. We observe these phenomena using ocean-bottom fiber-optic distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) in two subsea fiber-optic telecommunication cables in Svalbard, Norway. Strong seismic energy from sufficiently large earthquakes is required to trigger and ...
  • Methanotroph activity and connectivity between two seep systems north off Svalbard 

    de Groot, Tim; Kalenitchenko, Dimitri Stanislas Desire; Moser, Manuel; Argentino, Claudio; Panieri, Giuliana; Dølven, Knut Ola; Ferré, Benedicte; Svenning, Mette Marianne; Niemann, Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-06-14)
    Understanding methane flux dynamics in Arctic cold seep systems and the influence of oceanic currents on microbial methane-oxidizing bacteria (MOB) is crucial for assessing their impact on Arctic methane emissions. Here, we investigate methane dynamics and associated microbial communities at two cold seep areas, Norskebanken and Hinlopen Trough, North of Svalbard. Methane concentrations and methane ...
  • A distinctive rare earth element signature for pyrite oxidation and glacial weathering 

    Jang, Kwangchul; Bayon, Germain; Pourret, Olivier; Joe, Young Jin; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Byun, Eunji; Forwick, Matthias; León, Rafael; Nam, Seung-Il (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-15)
    The application of rare earth elements (REE) and neodymium (Nd) isotopes to authigenic Fe-(oxyhydr)oxide phases leached from marine sediments can be used for reconstructing past ocean circulation and chemical weathering patterns on nearby continental landmasses. To explore the behaviour of REE during chemical weathering in glacial environments, we analyzed the authigenic fraction of glacimarine ...
  • Contrasting Methane Seepage Dynamics in the Hola Trough Offshore Norway: Insights From Two Different Summers 

    Ferré, Benedicte; Barreyre, Thibaut; Bünz, Stefan; Argentino, Claudio; Corrales-Guerrero, Jorge; Dølven, Knut Ola; Stetzler, Marie Helene Paula; Fallati, Luca; Sert, Muhammed Fatih; Panieri, Giuliana; Rastrick, Samuel; Kutti, Tina; Moser, Manuel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-07-09)
    This study investigates the temporal variations in methane concentration and flare activity in the Hola trough (offshore Norway) during May 2018 and June 2022. Between these time periods, methane seep activity exhibits 3.5 times increase, as evidenced by hydroacoustic measurements. As the seep area in the Hola trough is constantly within the hydrate stability zone, the observed increase cannot be ...
  • NordVulk 1974-2024 

    Schomacker, Anders; Sturkell, Erik; Keiding, Jakob Kløve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024)
    Nordisk Vulkanologisk Institut, senere kendt som Nordisk Vulkanologisk Center (NordVulk), på Island fylder 50 år i 2024. Desværre sammenfalder den runde fødselsdag med, at NordVulk nedlægges. Dermed afsluttes en lang, fremgangsrig og succesfuld æra med nordisk vulkanologisk forskning på Island. Her beretter vi lidt om NordVulks liv.
  • Seasonal precipitation variability on Svalbard inferred from Holocene sedimentary leaf wax δ2H 

    Kjellman, Sofia Elisabeth; Thomas, Elizabeth K.; Farnsworth, Wesley R.; Cowling, Owen C.; Allaart, Lis; Brynjólfsson, Skafti; Schomacker, Anders (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-26)
    Svalbard spans large climate gradients, associated with atmospheric circulation patterns and variations in ocean heat content and sea ice cover. Future precipitation increases are projected to peak in the northeast and to mainly occur in winter, but uncertainties underscore the need for reconstructions of long-term spatial and temporal variations in precipitation amounts and seasonality. We use lipid ...
  • Early aerial expedition photos reveal 85 years of glacier growth and stability in East Antarctica 

    Dømgaard, Mads; Schomacker, Anders; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Millan, Romain; Huiban, Flora; Dehecq, Amaury; Fleischer, Amanda; Moholdt, Geir; Andersen, Jonas K.; Bjørk, Anders A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-25)
    During the last few decades, several sectors in Antarctica have transitioned from glacial mass balance equilibrium to mass loss. In order to determine if recent trends exceed the scale of natural variability, long-term observations are vital. Here we explore the earliest, large-scale, aerial image archive of Antarctica to provide a unique record of 21 outlet glaciers along the coastline of East ...
  • The Ocean Senses Activity Book: Enriching Ocean Literacy through a multisensory approach 

    Panieri, Giuliana; Sancak Sert, Zeynep; Maric, Filip; Poto, Margherita Paola; Murray, Emily Margaret (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2024-05-23)
    This chapter outlines the development of “The Ocean Senses Activity Book” integrating a multisensory approach to ocean education for pupils and the general public. Originating from an expedition in the Arctic Ocean, the project aimed to cultivate more effective cognitive approaches to ocean literacy education and communication. It bridged the gap between scientific exploration and public engagement, ...
  • The Agenda 2030 and the Imperative for Research and Education for the Climate and the Oceans 

    Panieri, Giuliana; Poto, Margherita Paola; Murray, Emily Margaret (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2024-05-23)
    This chapter sets the scene and provides background information regarding the primary objective of the book: to contribute to the knowledge base for climate education and research, with a specific focus on the oceans and water. Within this framework, the chapter situates educational and research strategies that specifically focus on ocean literacy, developed and coordinated by the authors over the ...
  • Connecting with The Deep: Lifelong Learning (LLL) and Marine Sustainability 

    Johansen, Caroline; Williams, Rhianon; Xylouri, Ourania; Panieri, Giuliana (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2024-05-23)
    This chapter frames marine sustainability within ongoing global and regional initiatives in lifelong learning and adult education. The authors of this chapter argue that to achieve the ambitious targets set out in the SDGs, our adult population must be able to recognise, engage with, and act upon economic, social, and environmental challenges. The authors of this chapter present the many barriers ...
  • Universally Accessible Marine Science and Ocean Literacy for All Citizens: The Thalassophile Project 

    Pandeva, Rada; Johansen, Caroline; Williams, Rhianon; Carotta, Carolina; Panieri, Giuliana (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2024-05-23)
    The Thalassophile Project is dedicated to universal accessibility in marine science and ocean literacy, with a focus on the d/Deaf and visually impaired communities. By emphasising accessibility, and illustrating how theory is put into practice, the project brings together a network of cross-sector practitioners, combining marine research, education, and universal accessibility expertise. In this ...
  • Emotional and ecological literacy for a more sustainable society 

    Panieri, Giuliana; Poto, Margherita Paola; Murray, Emily Margaret (Book; Bok, 2024)
  • Post-glaciation depositional changes in Wijdefjorden, northern Svalbard, using grain-size end-member modelling 

    Ahn, Youngkyu; Joe, Young Jin; Jang, Kwangchul; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Son, Yeong Ju; Forwick, Matthias; Hong, Sungmin; Nam, Seung-Il (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-11)
    Grain-size end-member (EM) modelling is a robust statistical approach for identifying and quantifying dominant grain-size distributions. This approach provides a novel perspective for understanding the impact of interactions between depositional processes in complex sedimentary environments. This study examines grain-size distributions of six glacimarine sediment cores collected along an Nsingle ...
  • Sediment DNA metabarcoding and morphology provide complementary insight into macrofauna and meiobenthos response to environmental gradients in an Arctic glacial fjord 

    Mazurkiewicz, Mikołaj; Pawłowska, Joanna; Barrenechea Angeles, Inés; Grzelak, Katarzyna; Deja, Kajetan; Zaborska, Agata; Pawłowski, Jan; Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-11)
    Arctic fjords ecosystems are highly dynamic, with organisms exposed to various natural stressors along with productivity clines driven by advection of water masses from shelves. The benthic response to these environmental clines has been extensively studied using traditional, morphology-based approaches mostly focusing on macroinvertebrates. In this study we analyse the effects of glacially mediated ...
  • Contribution of fluorescent primary biological aerosol particles to low-level Arctic cloud residuals 

    Pereira Freitas, Gabriel; Kopec, Ben; Adachi, Kouji; Krejci, Radovan; Heslin-Rees, Dominic; Yttri, Karl Espen; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd; Welker, Jeffrey M.; Zieger, Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-13)
    Mixed-phase clouds (MPCs) are key players in the Arctic climate system due to their role in modulating solar and terrestrial radiation. Such radiative interactions rely, among other factors, on the ice content of MPCs, which is regulated by the availability of ice-nucleating particles (INPs). While it appears that INPs are associated with the presence of primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs) ...
  • Insights into glacial processes from micromorphology of silt-sized sediment 

    Lepp, Allison P.; Miller, Lauren E.; Anderson, John B.; O’Regan, Matt; Winsborrow, Monica Caroline Mackay; Smith, James A.; Hillenbrand, Claus-Dieter; Wellner, Julia S.; Prothro, Lindsay O.; Podolskiy, Evgeny A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-05-07)
    Silt-rich meltwater plume deposits (MPDs) analyzed from marine sediment cores have elucidated relationships that are clearly connected, yet difficult to constrain, between subglacial hydrology, ice-marginal landforms, and grounding-zone retreat patterns for several glacial catchments. Few attempts have been made to infer details of subglacial hydrology, such as flow regime, geometry of drainage ...
  • Acoustic evidence of hydrocarbon release associated with the Spitsbergen Transform Fault, north of the Molloy Ridge, Fram Strait 

    Chand, Shyam; Knies, Jochen Manfred; Geissler, Wolfram H.; Plaza Faverola, Andreia Aletia; Thorsnes, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-16)
    Hydrocarbon gases formed from biotic and abiotic processes are released through the seafloor at different locations around the world. They have been widely observed directly in video and photo data, and indirectly on echosounder data. Even though biotic gas generation is a very common process, abiotic gas generation is limited to regions where serpentinization of ultramafic rocks occur. Indications ...
  • Formation of non-evaporitic gypsum in gas hydrate-bearing sediments at Håkon Mosby mud volcano, SW Barents sea 

    Wittig, Cathrin; Argentino, Claudio; Panieri, Giuliana (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-29)
    Authigenic minerals such as carbonate and iron sulfide are known features at cold seeps worldwide and form as a result of the anaerobic oxidation of methane in the sulfate-methane transition zone (SMTZ). Recent findings of seep-related non-evaporitic gypsum raise questions regarding its distribution, formation mechanisms, and relationships with the other proxies for confident paleo-seep reconstructions. ...
  • Petrochronology of the Dom Feliciano Belt foreland in southernmost Brazil reveals two distinct tectonometamorphic events in the western central Kaoko–Dom Feliciano–Gariep orogen 

    Battisti, Matheus Ariel; Konopásek, Jiří; Bitencourt, Maria de Fatima; Slama, Jiri; Percival, Jack James; De Toni, Giuseppe Betino; Carvalho da Silva, Stephanie; Oliveira da Costa, Elisa; Trubac, Jakub (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-26)
    The Dom Feliciano Belt is the South American part of an extensive Neoproterozoic orogenic system that developed during the late Cryogenian–early Cambrian close to the margin of southwest Gondwana. The link of its evolution with the tectonic processes in its African counterpart is still not well understood. P–T estimates, Lu–Hf garnet–whole-rock ages, U–Pb monazite SIMS ages and REE garnet and monazite ...
  • Biodegradable plastics in Mediterranean coastal environments feature contrasting microbial succession 

    de Vogel, Fons A.; Goudriaan, Maaike; Zettler, Erik R.; Niemann, Helge; Eich, Andreas; Weber, Miriam; Lott, Christian; Amaral-Zettler, Linda A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2024-04-08)
    Plastic pollution of the ocean is a top environmental concern. Biodegradable plastics present a potential “solution” in combating the accumulation of plastic pollution, and their production is currently increasing. While these polymers will contribute to the future plastic marine debris budget, very little is known still about the behavior of biodegradable plastics in different natural environments. ...

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