Nye registreringer

  • Spreading of drill cuttings and sediment recovery of three exploration wells of different ages, SW Barents Sea, Norway 

    Junttila, Juho; Dijkstra, Noortje; Sørensen, Steffen Aagaard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-14)
    Five stations (≤250 m from the well heads) from three exploration wells of different ages from the SW Barents Sea were studied to investigate the spreading of drill cuttings and sediment quality. Two of the wells were drilled before the restriction of use of oil-based drilling fluids (1993). Elevated concentrations of Ba were found in sediments near all the wells with the highest concentrations ...
  • Ionospheric Response Observed by EISCAT During the 6–8 September 2017 Space Weather Event: Overview 

    Yamauchi, M; Sergiengko, Timothy; Enell, Carl-Fredrik; Schillings, A.; Slapak, R.; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Tjulin, A.; Nilsson, H. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-03)
    We present ionospheric plasma conditions observed by the EISCAT radars in Tromsø and on Svalbard, covering 68°–81° geomagnetic latitude, during 6–8 September 2017. This is a period when X2.2 and X9.3 X‐ray flares occurred, two interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) arrived at the Earth accompanied by enhancements of MeV‐range energetic particle flux in both the solar wind (SEP event) and inner ...
  • Cordilleran ice-sheet growth fueled primary productivity in the Gulf of Alaska, northeast Pacific Ocean 

    Müller, Juliane; Romero, Oscar; Cowan, Ellen A.; McClymont, Erin L.; Forwick, Matthias; Asahi, Hirofumi; März, Christian; Moy, Christopher M.; Suto, Itsuki; Mix, Alan; Stoner, Joseph (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-15)
    Fertilization of the ocean by eolian dust and icebergs is an effective mechanism to enhance primary productivity. In particular, high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll (HNLC) areas where phytoplankton growth is critically iron-limited, such as the subarctic Pacific Ocean and the Southern Ocean, are proposed to respond to increases in bioavailable Fe supply with enhanced phytoplankton productivity and carbon ...
  • Area and volume of mid-latitude glacier-like forms on Mars 

    Brough, Stephen; Hubbard, Bryn; Hubbard, Alun Lloyd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-04)
    Although a substantial ice cover has been identified within the mid-latitudes of Mars, there is uncertainty regarding the formation, current and former volume, and dynamic evolution of these ice masses. Here, we present the first comprehensive ice volume estimate of martian glacier-like forms (GLFs) from systematic population scale mapping and volumetric analysis. The outlines of 1243 GLFs were ...
  • Holocene development of subarctic permafrost peatlands in Finnmark, northern Norway 

    Kjellman, Sofia E.; Axelsson, Pia E.; Etzelmüller, Bernd; Westermann, Sebastian; Sannel, A. Britta K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-01)
    Subarctic permafrost peatlands are important soil organic carbon pools, and improved knowledge about peat properties and peatland sensitivity to past climate change is essential when predicting future response to a warmer climate and associated feedback mechanisms. In this study, Holocene peatland development and permafrost dynamics of four subarctic peat plateaus in Finnmark, northern Norway have ...
  • EISCAT Observation of Wave‐Like Fluctuations in Vertical Velocity of Polar Mesospheric Summer Echoes Associated With a Geomagnetic Disturbance 

    Lee, Young-Sook; Kim, Young Ha; Kim, Kyung-Chan; Kwak, Young-Sil; Sergiengko, Timothy; Kirkwood, Sheila; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-04)
    By analyzing a data set from the European Incoherent SCATter (EISCAT) Very High Frequency (VHF) radar at Tromsø, we find that both radar reflectivity and upward ion velocity in a polar mesospheric summer echo (PMSE) layer simultaneously increased at the commencement of a local geomagnetic disturbance, which occurred at midnight on 9 July 2013. The onset of the upward velocity was followed by periodic ...
  • Early to middle Cenozoic paleoenvironment and erosion estimates of the southwestern Barents Sea: Insights from a regional mass-balance approach 

    Lasabuda, Amando Putra Ersaid; Laberg, Jan Sverre; Knutsen, Stig-Morten; Høgseth, Gert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Manuskript, 2018-06-02)
    The Cenozoic pre-glacial development of the southwestern Barents Sea is discussed, with focus on the early to middle Cenozoic net erosion that was poorly constrained. From 2D and 3D seismic mapping, the western Barents Sea continental margin development shows a complex history of structural configuration of highs and basins related to the Greenland and Eurasian plate movement and subsequent seafloor ...
  • Biogeochemical evidence of anaerobic methane oxidation on active submarine mud volcanoes on the continental slope of the Canadian Beaufort Sea 

    Lee, Dong-Hun; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Lee, Yung Mi; Stadnitskaia, Alina; Jin, Young Keun; Niemann, Helge; Kim, Young-Gyun; Shin, Kyung-Hoon (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-20)
    In this study, we report lipid biomarker patterns and phylogenetic identities of key microbial communities mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) in active mud volcanoes (MVs) on the continental slope of the Canadian Beaufort Sea. The carbon isotopic compositions (δ13C) of sn-2- and sn-3-hydroxyarchaeol showed the highly 13C-depleted values (−114 ‰ to −82 ‰) associated with a steep depletion ...
  • From widespread Mississippian to localized Pennsylvanian extension in central Spitsbergen, Svalbard 

    Koehl, Jean-Baptiste P.; Muñoz-Barrera, Jhon M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-21)
    In the Devonian–Carboniferous, a rapid succession of clustered extensional and contractional tectonic events is thought to have affected sedimentary rocks in central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. These events include Caledonian post-orogenic extensional collapse associated with the formation of thick Early–Middle Devonian basins, Late Devonian–Mississippian Ellesmerian contraction, and Early–Middle ...
  • Tectono-metamorphic evolution of metasedimentary host rocks of ultramafic rocks in the Heidal/Sel Group, Trondheim Nappe Complex, Folldal: mineralogical and micro-textural changes during the Scandian thrusting 

    Baug, Christian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-15)
    Abstract Several ultramafic outcrops are located along a specific tectono-stratigraphic unit in the Trondheim Nappe Complex, Central Scandinavian Caledonides. The relative timing and kinematics of these rocks are investigated by the use of structural, petrographical and mineralogical data from its host rocks. The metasedimentary host rocks are part of the Sel and Heidal Groups of the Røros and ...
  • Geometry and kinematic evolution of ductile shear zones in the Ersfjord Granite (1.79 Ga), West Troms Basement Complex: A Svecofennian accretionary thrust system 

    Haaland, Linda Cecilia (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-26)
    The Ersfjord Granite is a 1.79 Ga felsic intrusion in the geological region of West Troms Basement Complex (WTBC). Its intrusion history and evolution relative to surrounding Neoarchean TTG-gneisses has until now been poorly understood, providing the basis for this thesis. The present study focuses on internal deformation structures in the granite, as well as the nearby Gråtind Migmatite, in order ...
  • Climate controlled sedimentary processes in the Riiser Larsen Sea offshore Queen Maud Land, Antarctica 

    Brekken, Rita (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-11-29)
    Multi-proxy analysis of gravity core PS56/029-1 have been performed in order to describe sedimentary processes and dynamics under pelagic, turbiditic and contouritic influences. The purpose is to reconstruct climate-controlled environmental change in the Riiser Larsen Sea, Antarctica, through past glacial/interglacial cycles. The gravity core was retrieved during expedition ANTARKTIS XVII/2 of R/V ...
  • A refined late-Cryogenian – Ediacaran Earth history of South China: phosphorous-rich marbles of the Dabie and Sulu orogens 

    Prave, Anthony R; Meng, F.; Lepland, Aivo; Kirsimäe, Kalle; Kreitsmann, Timmu; Jiang, C.Z. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-02)
    The late-Cryogenian – Ediacaran geological framework for South China is constructed principally from sedimentary successions preserved in the central and western regions of the Yangtze Block. New stratigraphic and carbonate-carbon isotope data allow us to extend that framework into the exhumed HP-UHP subduction complexes of the eastern Dabie and Sulu orogens that separate the South and North China ...
  • Methane at Svalbard and over the European Arctic Ocean 

    Platt, Stephen Matthew; Eckhardt, Sabine; Ferré, Benedicte; Fisher, Rebecca E.; Hermansen, Ove; Jansson, Pär; Lowry, David; Nisbet, Euan G.; Pisso, Ignacio; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Silyakova, Anna; Stohl, Andreas; Svendby, Tove Marit; Vadakkepuliyambatta, Sunil; Mienert, Jurgen; Myhre, Cathrine Lund (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-05)
    Methane (CH<sub>4</sub>) is a powerful greenhouse gas. Its atmospheric mixing ratios have been increasing since 2005. Therefore, quantification of CH<sub>4</sub> sources is essential for effective climate change mitigation. Here we report observations of the CH<sub>4</sub> mixing ratios measured at the Zeppelin Observatory (Svalbard) in the Arctic and aboard the research vessel (RV) Helmer Hanssen ...
  • Comment on“The Keisarhjelmen detachment records Silurian–Devonian extensional collapse in Northern Svalbard” 

    Dallmann, Winfried; Piepjohn, Karsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-30)
    <p><i>Introduction</i>: The discussed area has been investigated since the 1960s. Scientists of the Norwegian Polar Institute, the Cambridge scholar environment, the University of Münster and others have mapped, described, interpreted and contributed to the discussion through decades. Very little of this is reflected in the paper by Braathen, Osmundsen, Maher, and Ganerød, (2018). A discussion of ...
  • Terrenganalyse og 3D snøskredsimuleringer for plassering av radar for snøskredvarsling 

    Christiansen, Lars Tveit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-10-09)
    Etter flere ulykker knyttet til snøskred på Europavei 8 i Lavangsdalen i Troms de siste årene, har Statens vegvesen gått inn for å bedre skredsikringen langs den 18 km lange dalen. Hovedformålet med denne masteroppgaven er å komme med innspill til hensiktsmessig plassering av automatiske overvåkningsanlegg for snøskred ved fire avgrensede strekninger langs vegen: Hestvollan, Sarasteinen, Stortinden ...
  • OBS Data Analysis to Quantify Gas Hydrate and Free Gas in the South Shetland Margin (Antarctica) 

    Song, Sha; Tinivella, Umberta; Giustiniani, Michela; Singhroha, Sunny; Bünz, Stefan; Cassiani, Giorgio (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-25)
    The presence of a gas hydrate reservoir and free gas layer along the South Shetland margin (offshore Antarctic Peninsula) has been well documented in recent years. In order to better characterize gas hydrate reservoirs, with a particular focus on the quantification of gas hydrate and free gas and the petrophysical properties of the subsurface, we performed travel time inversion of ocean-bottom ...
  • Ice‐rafting patterns on the western Svalbard slope 74–0 ka: interplay between ice‐sheet activity, climate and ocean circulation 

    Jessen, Simon Pind; Rasmussen, Tine Lander (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-11-14)
    The distribution of ice‐rafted detritus (IRD) is studied in three cores from the western Svalbard slope (1130–1880 m water depth, 76–78°N) covering the period 74–0 ka. The aim was to provide new insight into the dynamics of the Svalbard–Barents Sea Ice Sheet during Marine Isotope Stages (MIS) 4–1 to get a better understanding of ice‐sheet interactions with changes in ocean circulation and climate ...
  • Late Cenozoic erosion estimates for the northern Barents Sea: Quantifying glacial sediment input to the Arctic Ocean 

    Lasabuda, Amando Putra Ersaid; Geissler, Wolfram H.; Laberg, Jan Sverre; Knutsen, Stig-Morten; Rydningen, Tom Arne; Berglar, Kai (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-14)
    A compilation of seismic data has been used to characterize the Neogene – Quaternary sedimentary succession of the northwestern Barents Sea continental margin to better understand the paleoenvironmental evolution and the sedimentary processes involved. The Neogene strata are dominated by contourites related to the ocean circulation established from the opening of the Fram Strait connecting the ...
  • Particle sources and downward fluxes in the eastern Fram strait under the influence of the west Spitsbergen current 

    Sanchez-Vidal, Anna; Veres, Oriol; Langone, Leonardo; Ferré, Benedicte; Calafat, Antoni; Canals, Miquel; Durrieu de Madron, Xavier; Heussner, Serge; Mienert, Jurgen; Grimalt, Joan O.; Pusceddu, Antonio; Danovaro, Roberto (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-10)
    <p>The carbon cycle of the Arctic Ocean is tightly regulated by land–atmosphere–cryosphere–ocean interactions. Characterizing these environmental exchanges and feedbacks is critical to facilitate projections of the carbon cycle under changing climate conditions. The environmental drivers of sinking particles including organic carbon (OC) to the deep-sea floor are investigated with four moorings ...

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