Morphological features of the testis of freshwater blood flukes of the genus Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905, with consideration of the testicular patterns in the Aporocotylidae
This is the first detailed study assessing the morphological features of the testis and testicular sperm of members of the freshwater blood flukes Sanguinicola sp. from Leuciscus idus (Cyprinidae) and for S. volgensis from Pelecus cultratus (Cyprinidae), and the marine blood fluke Aporocotyle simplex from Hippoglossoides platessoides (Pleuronectidae). The present study reports a unique feature in the distribution of germinal cellular components in freshwater Sanguinicola sp., showing the presence of the individual spermatocytes or their clusters in the testicular lobes, and the gathering of spermatid rosettes and spermatozoa within middle testicular lumen, which extends along the entire length of the testis. In contrast, each testis of marine A. simplex contains the usual mixed distribution of germ cells at various stages of development. The first TEM data on spermatozoon character of studied species has shown, unusual for digenean sperm structure, the absence of cortical microtubules in sperm principal region. Moreover, a variation in axoneme patterns is revealed in the studied aporocotylids, belonging to the different aporocotylid lineages a 9 + 0 axonemal type observed for freshwater teleost-infective species, Sanguinicola sp. and S. volgensis, and a 9 + ‘1’ axonemal type revealed in spermatozoa of marine teleost-infective species A. simplex. The results discussed with the published data on the digenean sperm structure and the testicular patterns in the Aporocotylidae likely represent additional characteristics supporting the divergent evolutionary lineages of freshwater and marine aporocotylids. We anticipate future morphological studies of the sperm structure in aporocotylids of three lineages for an understanding of their phylogenetic relationships.
CitationPoddubnaya, Zhokhov, Hemmingsen, MacKenzie. Morphological features of the testis of freshwater blood flukes of the genus Sanguinicola Plehn, 1905, with consideration of the testicular patterns in the Aporocotylidae. Parasitology Research. 2022;121(10):2945-2954
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