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dc.contributor.advisorHattermann, Tore
dc.contributor.authorHus, Johanne Jahnsen
dc.description.abstractAntarctic ice shelves, by restraining ice streams and affecting the discharge of grounded ice, play a critical role in the mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet. In this study, sub-ice shelf CTD measurements and time series data from an ice shelf cavity mooring were used to detect subglacial runoff beneath the Filchner Ice Shelf. CTD measurements from four boreholes across the southern Filchner Ice Shelf show that subglacial runoff spreads along the shallower eastern and western flanks beneath the ice shelf. Analysis of the water mass properties at the easternmost borehole indicates that 32 % of the freshwater content in the upper mixed layer originates from subglacial runoff. It is hypothesized that the subglacial runoff observed at this site primarily originates from the Support Force Glacier, located approximately 182 km upstream of the drill sight. Between 2016 and 2022, six subglacial runoff events were detected by analysis of the time series data from the ice shelf cavity mooring. The subglacial runoff event shows a distinct pattern consisting of two phases. The first phase was identified through events of low source salinity, containing subglacial runoff. The events of low source salinity were followed by a rapid increase in source salinity, indicating phase 2 of the event. Anomalies of velocity, temperature, source salinity, and backscatter reveal that phase 2 of the subglacial runoff events result from a meltwaterladen ice shelf plume. These plumes, which are a result of the discharge of subglacial meltwater at the grounding line, are expected to contribute to increased basal melting in the deeper areas of the ice shelf. Analysis of current meter data shows that the meltwater plume modifies the mean current within the upper mixed layer. This is evident from increased velocities and a noticeable shift in the current direction. The sub-ice shelf data were used to approximate the subglacial runoff flux from the Support Force Glacier. From the CTD profile, a subglacial flux of 5.7 m^3 s^-1 was derived. A time series of the subglacial runoff flux was developed based on the mooring data. This time series shows peaks in the subglacial runoff flux that coincide with the observed subglacial runoff event detected in source salinity. This indicates multimonth to interannual variability in the occurrence of the subglacial runoff events. This study is the first to derive a comprehensive runoff time series using under-ice shelf ocean moorings data. These findings expand on the knowledge of the overall circulation beneath the Filchner Ice Shelf and potential implications for future ice sheet stability.en_US
dc.publisherUiT Norges arktiske universitetno
dc.publisherUiT The Arctic University of Norwayen
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Physics: 430en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Fysikk: 430en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Oceanography: 452en_US
dc.subjectVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Geofag: 450::Oseanografi: 452en_US
dc.titleEffects of subglacial meltwater runoff on the ocean circulation beneath the Filchner Ice Shelfen_US
dc.typeMaster thesisen

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Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)